Kamāl ud-Dīn Behzād
Kamāl ud-Dīn Behzād (c. 1450 – c. 1535), also known as Kamal al-din Bihzad or Kamaleddin Behzad (Persian: کمال‌الدین بهزاد‎), was a Persian painter and head of the royal ateliers in Herat and Ta...
Kamāl ud-Dīn Behzād - Wikipedia
Ottoman miniature
Ottoman miniature or Turkish miniature was an art form in the Ottoman Empire, which can be linked to the Persian miniature tradition, as well as strong Chinese artistic influences. It was a part of th...
Ottoman miniature - Wikipedia
Ottoman illumination
Turkish or Ottoman illumination covers non-figurative painted or drawn decorative art in books or on sheets in muraqqa or albums, as opposed to the figurative images of the Ottoman miniature. In Turk...
Jami' al-tawarikh
The Jāmiʿ al-tawārīkh, (Mongolian: Судрын чуулган, Sudar-yn Chuulgan; Arabic: جامع التواريخ ‎; Persian: جامع‌التواریخ ‎), ("Compendium of Chronicles") is a work of literature an...
Jami' al-tawarikh - Wikipedia
The Remaining Signs of Past Centuries
The Remaining Signs of Past Centuries (Arabic: کتاب الآثار الباقية عن القرون الخالية ‎ Kitāb al-āthār al-bāqiyah `an al-qurūn al-khāliyah, also known as Chronology of Ancient Nations or Ves...
The Remaining Signs of Past Centuries - Wikipedia
Aliquli Jabbadar
Aliquli Jabbadar (‘Alī-qolī Jabbadār) (fl. 1666 – 1694) was an Iranian artist, one of the first to have incorporated European influences in the traditional Safavid-era miniature painting. He is ...
Aliquli Jabbadar - Wikipedia
Mughal painting
Mughal painting is a particular style of South Asian painting, generally confined to miniatures either as book illustrations or as single works to be kept in albums, which emerged from Persian miniatu...
Mughal painting - Wikipedia
Hamzanama
The Hamzanama (Persian/Urdu: حمزه نامه, Epic of Hamza) or Dastan-e-Amir Hamza (Persian/Urdu: داستان امیر حمزه, Adventures of Amir Hamza) narrates the legendary exploits of Hamza bin Azrak, a brave man...
Hamzanama - Wikipedia
Akbarnama
Akbarnama, which literally translates to Book of Akbar, is the official chronicle of the reign of Akbar, the third Mughal Emperor (r. 1556–1605), commissioned by Akbar himself by his court historian ...
Akbarnama - Wikipedia
Baburnama
Bāburnāma (Chagatai/Persian: بابر نامہ‎;´, literally: "Book of Babur" or "Letters of Babur"; alternatively known as Tuzk-e Babri) is the name given to the memoirs of Ẓahīr-ud-Dīn Muḥammad Bābur ...
Baburnama - Wikipedia
Padshahnama
The Padshahnama (Persian: پا د شاه نا مہ‎) (Chronicle of the Emperor) is a genre of works written as the official visual history of Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan’s reign. Most significant work of ...
Padshahnama - Wikipedia
Hossein Behzad
Hossein Behzad (1894 – 13 October 1968) was a prominent painter from Tehran, Iran.He became internationally known and won many awards including the 'first class medal of the ministry of culture' from ...
Hossein Behzad - Wikipedia
Shaykh 'Abbasi
Shaykh 'Abbasi (active from 1650–1684) was a Persian painter known for incorporating European and Indian influences into his illustrations, a practice later adopted by Muhammad Zaman and 'Aliquli Jabb...
Persian miniature
A Persian miniature is a small painting on paper, whether a book illustration or a separate work of art intended to be kept in an album of such works called a muraqqa. The techniques are broadly comp...
Persian miniature - Wikipedia
Hasht-Bihisht
"Hasht-Bihisht" (Persian: هشت بهشت‎ Hasht-behesht, lit. "The Eight Paradises") is a famous poem written by Amir Khusrow around 1302 AD. It is one of the five poems of Khusrow's Khamsa (Quintet)...
Hasht-Bihisht - Wikipedia
Sadiqi Beg
Sadiqi Beg (1533 Tabriz–1610 Isfahan) was a Persian poet, biographer, draftsman, soldier and miniaturist of the Safavid period.
Born in Tabriz into the Afshar tribe, one of the Turkish tribal grou...
Siyâvash (artist)
Siyâvash, Siyavush, or Siyavush Beg (c. 1536 — pre-1616) was an Iranian illustrator of Georgian origin known for his miniatures with dramatic landscape elements and well-organized compositions. He was...
Siyâvash (artist) - Wikipedia
Abd al-Samad
'Abd al-Samad (meaning "Slave of the Eternal") or Khwaja Abdus Samad was a 16th-century painter of Persian miniatures who moved to India and became one of the founding masters of the Mughal miniature ...
Abd al-Samad - Wikipedia
Khamsa of Nizami (British Library, Or. 12208)
The illuminated manuscript Khamsa of Nizami British Library, Or. 12208 is a lavishly illustrated manuscript of the Khamsa or "five poems" of Nizami Ganjavi, a 12th-century Persian poet, which was crea...
Khamsa of Nizami (British Library, Or. 12208) - Wikipedia
Arabic miniature
Arabic miniatures are small paintings on paper, whether book illustrations or separate works of art. Arabic miniature art dates to the late 7th century. Arabs depended on such art not only to satisfy ...
Arabic miniature - Wikipedia
Tuzk-e-Jahangiri
Tuzuk-e-Jahangiri or Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri (Persian: تزک جهانگیری ‎) is the autobiography of Mughal Emperor Nur-ud-din Muhammad Jahangir (1569-1609). Also referred to as Jahangirnama, Tuzk-e-Jahangi...
Tuzk-e-Jahangiri - Wikipedia
Ain-i-Akbari
The Ain-i-Akbari (Persian: آئینِ اکبری‎) or the "Constitution of Akbar", is a 16th-century, detailed document recording the administration of emperor Akbar's empire, written by his vizier, Abu'l...
Ain-i-Akbari - Wikipedia
Muraqqa
A Muraqqa (Turkish: Murakka) is an album in book form containing Islamic miniature paintings and specimens of Islamic calligraphy, normally from several different sources, and perhaps other matte...
Muraqqa - Wikipedia
Reza Abbasi
Reza Abbasi, Riza yi-Abbasi or Reza-e Abbasi, رضا عباسی in Persian, usually Reza Abbasi also Aqa Reza (but see below) or Āqā Riżā Kāshānī (c. 1565–1635) was the leading Persian miniaturist of the Isfa...
Reza Abbasi - Wikipedia
Farrukh Beg
Farrukh Beg (ca. 1545 – ca. 1615) was a Persian born Mughal painter who served in the court of Mirza Muhammad Hakim before working directly for Mughal Emperor Akbar. He was greatly influenced by Persi...
Farrukh Beg - Wikipedia
Muin Musavvir
Muin Musavvir (Persian: معین مصور‎) (1638–1697) was an Iranian painter. He is considered as one of the most famous painters in the Persian miniaturist during the Safavid period. He received his ...
Muin Musavvir - Wikipedia
Nakkaş Osman
Nakkaş Osman (sometimes called Osman the Miniaturist) was the chief miniaturist for the Ottoman Empire during the later half of the sixteenth century. The dates of his birth and death are poorly known...
Nakkaş Osman - Wikipedia
Siyer-i Nebi
The Siyer-i Nebi is a Turkish epic about the life of Muhammad, completed around 1388, written by Mustafa son of Yusuf of Erzurum, known as al-Darir, a Mevlevi dervish on the commission of Sultan Berku...
Siyer-i Nebi - Wikipedia
Tutinama
Tutinama (Persian: طوطی‌نامه‎), literal meaning "Tales of a Parrot", is a 14th-century Persian series of 52 stories. An illustrated version containing 250 miniature paintings was commissioned b...
Tutinama - Wikipedia