Islamic invasion of Gaul
The Umayyad invasion of Gaul followed the Umayyad conquest of Hispania spearheaded by the North African commander Tariq ibn Ziyad in 711. During the 8th century, Muslim Umayyad armies conquered the re...
Islamic invasion of Gaul - Wikipedia
Battle of Tours - Video
October 10, 732 AD marks the conclusion of the Battle of Tours, arguably one of the most decisive battles in all of history. A Moslem army, in a crusading se...
Battle of Toulouse (721)
The Battle of Toulouse (721) was a victory of an Aquitanian Christian army led by Duke Odo of Aquitaine over an Umayyad Muslim army besieging the city of Toulouse, and led by the governor of Al-Andalu...
Battle of the River Garonne
The Battle of the River Garonne, also known as the Battle of Bordeaux, was fought in 732 between an Umayyad army led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, governor of Al-Andalus, and Aquitanian forces led by Du...
Battle of Tours
The Battle of Tours (October 732), also called the Battle of Poitiers and in Arabic: معركة بلاط الشهداء‎ (ma'arakat Balâṭ ash-Shuhadâ – Battle of the Palace of Martyrs) was fought in an area...
Battle of Tours - Wikipedia
Siege of Narbonne (752-759)
The Siege of Narbonne took place between 752 and 759 led by Pepin the Short against the Muslim stronghold defended by an Andalusian garrison and its Gothic and Gallo-Roman inhabitants. The siege remai...
Umayyad conquest of Hispania
The Umayyad conquest of Hispania is the initial expansion of the Umayyad Caliphate over Hispania largely extending from 711 to 788. The conquest resulted in the destruction of the Visigothic Kingdom a...
Umayyad conquest of Hispania - Wikipedia
Charles Martel
Charles Martel (c. 688 – 22 October 741) was a Frankish statesman and military leader who, as Duke and Prince of the Franks and Mayor of the Palace, was de facto ruler of Francia from 718 until his d...
Charles Martel - Wikipedia
Charlemagne
Charlemagne (/ˈʃɑrlɨmeɪn/; 2 April 742/747/748 – 28 January 814), also known as Charles the Great (Latin: Carolus or Karolus Magnus, French: Charles Le Grand or Charlemagne, Ger...
Charlemagne - Wikipedia
Pippin the Short
Pippin the Younger (c. 714 - September 24, 768), often known under the mistranslation Pippin the Short (French, Pépin le Bref; German, Pippin der Kleine), was a King of the Franks from 751 until his d...
Pippin the Short - Wikipedia
Carolingian Empire
The Carolingian Empire (800–888 AD) was the final stage in the history of the early medieval realm of the Franks, ruled by the Carolingian dynasty.The size of the empire at its zenith around 800...
Carolingian Empire - Wikipedia
Umayyads
The Umayyad Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة الأموية‎, trans. Al-Ḫilāfat al-ʾumawiyya) was the second of the four major Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. This ca...
Umayyads - Wikipedia
Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi
Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi (died 732; Arabic: عبد الرحمن الغافقي‎), also known as Abd er Rahman, Abdderrahman, Abderame, and Abd el-Rahman, unsuccessfully led the Andalusian Muslims into battle...
Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi - Wikipedia