Islamic mathematics
The history of mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, building on Greek mathematics (Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics (Aryabhat...
Islamic mathematics - Wikipedia
Mathematical induction
Mathematical induction is a method of mathematical proof typically used to establish a given statement for all natural numbers. It is a form of direct proof, and it is done in two steps. The first ste...
Mathematical induction - Wikipedia
Principles of Hindu Reckoning
Principles of Hindu Reckoning (Kitab fi usul hisab al-hind) is a mathematics book written by 10th- and 11th-century Persian mathematician Kushyar ibn Labban. It is the second-oldest book extant in Ara...
Principles of Hindu Reckoning - Wikipedia
Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi (1236 – 1311) (Persian: قطب‌الدین محمود بن مسعود شیرازی‎) was a 13th-century Persian polymath and poet who made contributions to astronomy, mathematics, medicine, ph...
Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi - Wikipedia
Al-Ḥasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
The Banū Mūsā brothers ("Sons of Moses"), namely Abū Jaʿfar, Muḥammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir (before 803 – February 873), Abū al‐Qāsim, Aḥmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir (d. 9th century) and Al-Ḥasan ibn Mūsā ib...
De Gradibus
De Gradibus was an Arabic book published by the Arab physician Al-Kindi (c. 801–873 CE). De gradibus is the Latinized name of the book. An alternative name for the book was Quia Primos.In De Gradibus,...
'Abd al-Hamīd ibn Turk
ʿAbd al-Hamīd ibn Turk (fl. 830), known also as ʿAbd al-Hamīd ibn Wase ibn Turk Jili was a ninth-century Turkic Muslim mathematician. Not much is known about his biography. The two records of him, one...
Nizam al-Din Nishapuri
Nizam al-Din Hasan al-Nisaburi (d. 1328/9) (in Persian: نظام الدین حسن نیشاپوری) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, jurist, exegete, and poet. His full name was Nizam al-Din Hasan ibn Mohammad i...
Jabir ibn Aflah
Abū Muḥammad Jābir ibn Aflaḥ (Arabic: أبو محمد جابر بن أفلح‎, Latin: Geber/Gebir; 1100–1150) was a Muslim astronomer and mathematician from Seville, who was active in 12th century al-And...
Jabir ibn Aflah - Wikipedia
Al-Khazini
Abu al-Fath Abd al-Rahman Mansour al-Khāzini or simply Abu al-Fath Khāzini (Arabic: أبو الفتح الخازني‎, Persian: ابولفتح خازنی‎) (flourished 1115–1130) was a Muslim astronomer of Persi...
Ahmad al-Qalqashandi
Shihab al-Din abu 'l-Abbas Ahmad ben Ali ben Ahmad Abd Allah al-Qalqashandi (1355 or 1356 – 1418) was a medieval Egyptian writer and mathematician.Born in a village in the Nile Delta, al-Qalqash...
Ibn Abi al-Shukr
Ibn Abī al‐Shukr (Arabic: ابن ابي الشكر‎; d. 1283 CE) was an Andalusī astronomer, astrologer and mathematician of the Islamic Golden Age. He belonged to the group of astronomers associated w...
Ibn Abi al-Shukr - Wikipedia
Ibn Yunus
Abu al-Hasan 'Ali ibn 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Ahmad ibn Yunus al-Sadafi al-Misri (Arabic: ابن يونس) (c. 950-1009) was an important Egyptian Muslim astronomer and mathematician, whose works are noted for be...
Muḥammad ibn Jābir al-Ḥarrānī al-Battānī
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Jābir ibn Sinān al-Raqqī al-Ḥarrānī al-Ṣābiʾ al-Battānī (Arabic: محمد بن جابر بن سنان البتاني) (Latinized as Albategnius, Albategni or Albatenius) (c. 858 – 929) was an Ara...
Muḥammad ibn Jābir al-Ḥarrānī al-Battānī - Wikipedia
Abū Ḥanīfa Dīnawarī
Ābu Ḥanīfah Āḥmad ibn Dawūd Dīnawarī (828–896 A.D) (Arabic: أبو حنيفة الدينوري‎) was an Islamic Golden Age polymath, astronomer, agriculturist, botanist, metallurgist, geographer, mathematic...
Sind ibn Ali
Sind ibn Ali-Musa, Sind ibn ʿAlī (died after 864 AD), was a renowned Sindhi Muslim astronomer, translator, mathematician and engineer. His father Ali-Musa was a convert to Islam and an aristocrat who ...
All horses are the same color
The horse paradox is a falsidical paradox that arises from flawed demonstrations, which purport to use mathematical induction, of the statement All horses are the same color. There is no actual contr...
Yaʿīsh ibn Ibrāhīm al-Umawī
Abū ʿAbdallāh Yaʿīsh ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Yūsuf ibn Simāk al-Andalusī al-Umawī (1400? in Al-Andalus – 1489? in Damascus, Syria?) was a 14th-century mathematician.
Yaʿīsh ibn Ibrāhīm al-Umawī - Wikipedia
Al-Karaji
Abū Bakr ibn Muḥammad ibn al Ḥusayn al-Karajī (or al-Karkhī) (c. 953 – c. 1029) was a 10th-century mathematician and engineer who flourished at Baghdad. His three principal surviving works are m...
Al-Saghani
Abu Hamid Ahmed ibn Mohammed al-Saghani al-Asturlabi (meaning the astrolabe maker of Saghan, near Merv) was a Persian astronomer and historian of science. He flourished in Baghdad, where he died in 37...
Omar Khayyám
Omar Khayyám; born Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Abu'l-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyām Nīshāpūrī (/ˈoʊmɑr kaɪˈjɑːm, -ˈjæm, ˈoʊmər/; Persian: ‏غیاث ‌الدین ابوالفتح عمر ابراهیم خیام نیشابورﻯ‎, [xæjˈjɒːm]; 18 M...
Omar Khayyám - Wikipedia
Ulugh Beg
Mīrzā Muhammad Tāraghay bin Shāhrukh (Chagatay: میرزا محمد طارق بن شاہ رخ, Persian: میرزا محمد تراغای بن شاہ رخ‎) better known as Ulugh Beg (الغ‌ بیگ) (March 22, 1394 in Sultaniyeh, Persia – Oct...
Ulugh Beg - Wikipedia
Abu-Mahmud Khojandi
Abu Mahmud Hamid ibn Khidr Khojandi (known as Abu Mahmood Khojandi, Alkhujandi or al-Khujandi, Persian: ابومحمود خجندی, c. 940 - 1000) was a Central Asian astronomer and mathematician with Mongol orig...
Avempace
Avempace (c. 1085 – 1138) is the Latinate form of Ibn Bâjja (Arabic: ابن باجه‎), full name Abû Bakr Muḥammad Ibn Yaḥyà ibn aṣ-Ṣâ’igh at-Tûjîbî Ibn Bâjja al-Tujibi (أبو بكر م...
Habash al-Hasib al-Marwazi
Ahmad ibn 'Abdallah Habash Hasib Marwazi (d. after 869 in Samarra, Iraq ) was a Persian astronomer, geographer, and mathematician from Merv in Khorasan who described first time Trigonometric ratios: S...
Ibn al-Banna' al-Marrakushi
Ibn al‐Bannāʾ al‐Marrākushī al-Azdi, also known as Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Uthman al-Azdi. (Arabic: ابن البنّاء‎) [29) December 1256 – c. 1321), was a Moroccan mathematicia...