Italian War of 1542-46
The Italian War of 1542–46 was a conflict late in the Italian Wars, pitting Francis I of France and Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire against the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Henry VIII of England....
Italian War of 1542-46 - Wikipedia
Siege of Nice
The Siege of Nice occurred in 1543 and was part of the Italian War of 1542–46 in which Francis I and Suleiman the Magnificent collaborated in a Franco-Ottoman alliance against the Holy Roman Emperor C...
Siege of Nice - Wikipedia
Battle of Ceresole
The Battle of Ceresole (or Cérisoles) was an encounter between a French army and the combined forces of Spain and the Holy Roman Empire during the Italian War of 1542–46. The lengthy engagement took ...
Battle of Ceresole - Wikipedia
Battle of Serravalle (1544)
The Battle of Serravalle took place on June 2–4, 1544, at Serravalle, in the Apennine Mountains, San Marino, between the Spanish-Imperial army commanded by Don Alfonso d'Avalos, Marquis del Vasto, and...
Battle of Serravalle (1544) - Wikipedia
Ottoman wintering in Toulon
The Ottoman wintering in Toulon occurred during the winter of 1543–44, following the Franco-Ottoman Siege of Nice, as part of the combined operations under the Franco-Ottoman alliance.
The Ottoman...
Ottoman wintering in Toulon - Wikipedia