When the Pope Ordered the Death of Adolf Hitler
In 1939, the pope ordered the death of Adolf Hitler. Church of Spies by Mark Riebling tells the gripping history of the Vatican’s covert operations during World War II. A military plot had formed in ...
Pope John II
Pope John II (Latin: Ioannes II; 470 – 8 May 535) was Pope from 2 January 533 to his death in 535.Born Mercurius in Rome in 470, the son of a certain Projectus, he became a priest of the Basilica ...
Pope John II - Wikipedia
When the Pope Ordered the Death of Adolf Hitler
In 1939, the pope ordered the death of Adolf Hitler. Church of Spies by Mark Riebling tells the gripping history of the Vatican’s covert operations during World War II. A military plot had formed in ...
Pope Nicholas V
Pope Nicholas V (Latin: Nicholaus V) (15 November 1397 – 24 March 1455), born Tommaso Parentucelli, was Pope from 6 March 1447 until his death in 1455. The Pontificate of Nicholas saw the fal...
Pope Nicholas V - Wikipedia
Pope Gregory VIII
Pope Gregory VIII (Latin: Gregorius VIII; c. 1100/1105 – 17 December 1187), born Alberto di Morra, reigned from 25 October to his death in 1187.
Alberto di Morra was born about 1105 in Beneven...
Pope Gregory VIII - Wikipedia
Second Vatican Council
The Second Vatican Council (Latin: Concilium Oecumenicum Vaticanum Secundum or informally known as Vatican II) addressed relations between the Roman Catholic Church and the modern world. It was the tw...
Second Vatican Council - Wikipedia
Pope Clement IX
Pope Clement IX (Latin: Clemens IX; 28 January 1600 – 9 December 1669), born Giulio Rospigliosi, was Pope from 20 June 1667 to his death in 1669.
Giulio Rospigliosi was born in 1600 to the Ros...
Pope Clement IX - Wikipedia
Pope Sylvester I
Pope Sylvester I (died 31 December 335), whose name is also spelled Silvester, was pope from 31 January, 314 to his death in 335. He succeeded Pope Miltiades. He filled the See of Rome at an important...
Pope Sylvester I - Wikipedia
Pope Anterus
Pope Anterus (died 3 January 236) was the Bishop of Rome from 21 November 235 to his death in 236. He succeeded Pope Pontian, who had been deported from Rome to Sardinia, along with the antipope Hippo...
Pope Anterus - Wikipedia
Society of St. Pius X
The Society of Saint Pius X (SSPX) is an international organisation, founded in 1970 by the French archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, of traditionalist Catholic priests who do not legitimately exercise any m...
Society of St. Pius X - Wikipedia
The Council of Florence
The Seventeenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church was convoked as the Council of Basel (Basle in the once-preferred English spelling) by Pope Martin V shortly before his death in Februar...
The Council of Florence - Wikipedia
Pope Julius II
Pope Julius II (Latin: Iulius II; 5 December 1443 – 21 February 1513), nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope", born Giuliano della Rovere, was Pope from 1 November 1503 to his death ...
Pope Julius II - Wikipedia
List of popes from the Medici family
The List of popes from the Medici family includes four men from the late-15th century through the early-17th century. The Medici family, also known as the House of Medici, first attained wealth and po...
Pope Lucius I
Pope Lucius I (c. 200 – 5 March 254) was the Bishop of Rome from 25 June 253 to his death in 254.
St. Lucius was born in Rome at an unknown date; nothing is known about his family except his fathe...
Pope Lucius I - Wikipedia
Pope Clement III
Pope Clement III (Latin: Clemens III; 1130 – 20 March 1191), born Paulino (or Paolo) Scolari, reigned from 19 December 1187 to his death in 1191.
A Roman by birth, Pope Alexander III appointed...
Pope Clement III - Wikipedia
Portrait of Pope Julius II (Raphael)
Portrait of Pope Julius II is an oil painting of 1511–12 by the Italian High Renaissance painter Raphael. The portrait of Pope Julius II was unusual for its time and would carry a long influence on pa...
Portrait of Pope Julius II (Raphael) - Wikipedia
Third Council of the Lateran
The Third Council of the Lateran met in March 1179 as the eleventh ecumenical council. Pope Alexander III presided and 302 bishops attended.By agreement reached at the Peace of Venice in 1177 the bitt...
Pope Gregory X
Pope Gregory X (Latin: Gregorius X; c. 1210 – 10 January 1276), born Teobaldo Visconti, was Pope from 1 September 1271 to his death in 1276 and was a member of the Secular Franci...
Pope Gregory X - Wikipedia
Pope Hormisdas
Pope Hormisdas (450 – 6 August 523) was Pope from 20 July 514 to his death in 523. His papacy was dominated by the Acacian schism, started in 484 by Acacius of Constantinople's efforts to placate the ...
Pope Hormisdas - Wikipedia
Pope Urban VII
Pope Urban VII (Latin: Urbanus VII; 4 August 1521 – 27 September 1590), born Giovanni Battista Castagna, was Pope from 15 to 27 September 1590. His twelve-day papacy was the shortest in history.
Pope Urban VII - Wikipedia
Pope Marcellinus
Pope Marcellinus (died October 304) was the Bishop of Rome or Pope from 30 June 296 to his death in 304. According to the Liberian Catalogue, he was a Roman, the son of a certain Projectus. His predec...
Pope Marcellinus - Wikipedia
Pope Pius IX
Pope Pius IX (Latin: Pius IX; 13 May 1792 – 7 February 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, reigned from 16 June 1846 to his death in 1878. He was the longest-reigning elected pope in the h...
Pope Pius IX - Wikipedia
Pope Telesphorus
Pope Telesphorus (died c. 137) was the Bishop of Rome from c. 126 to his death c. 137, during the reigns of Roman Emperors Hadrian and Antoninus Pius. He was of Greek ancestry and born in Terranova da...
Pope Telesphorus - Wikipedia
Pope Sylvester III
Pope Sylvester III or Silvester III (c. 1000 – 1062 or 1063), born Giovanni dei Crescenzi–Ottaviani in Rome, was Pope from 20 January to 10 February 1045.When Pope Benedict IX was driven from Rome in ...
Pope Sylvester III - Wikipedia
Pope Innocent IV
Pope Innocent IV (Latin: Innocentius IV; c. 1195 – 7 December 1254), born Sinibaldo Fieschi, was Pope from 25 June 1243 to his death in 1254.
Born in Genoa (although some sources say Manarola)...
Pope Innocent IV - Wikipedia
Apocrisiarius
An apocrisiarius, the Latinized form of apokrisiarios (Greek: ἀποκρισιάριος), sometimes Anglicized as apocrisiary, was a high diplomatic representative during Late Antiquity and the early Middle A...