Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
Ivan Alexander (Bulgarian: Иван Александър, transliterated Ivan Aleksandǎr; pronounced [iˈvan alɛkˈsandər]; original spelling: ), also known as John Alexander, ruled as Emperor (Tsar) of Bulgaria ...
Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars
The Byzantine–Bulgarian wars were a series of conflicts fought between the Byzantines and Bulgarians which began when the Bulgars first settled in the Balkan peninsula in the 5th century, and intensi...
Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars - Wikipedia
Serbian Empire
The Serbian Empire (Serbian: Српско Царство / Srpsko Carstvo, [sr̩̂pskoː tsâːrstʋo]) is a historiographical term for the empire in the Balkan peninsula that emerged from the medieval Serbian Kingd...
Serbian Empire - Wikipedia
Rise of the Ottoman Empire
The foundation and rise of the Ottoman Empire (1299 – 29 May 1453) is the period that started with the weakening of the Seljuq Sultanate of Rûm in the very early 14th century and ended with the fall o...
Rise of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
Bulgarian-Ottoman Wars
The Bulgarian–Ottoman wars were fought between the kingdoms remaining from the disintegrating Second Bulgarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire, in the second half of the 14th century. The wars resulted...
Bulgarian-Ottoman Wars - Wikipedia
Architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School
The Architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School is a term for the development of architecture during the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185–1396). In the 13th and 14th centuries the capital Tarnovo determ...
Architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School - Wikipedia
Battle of Savra
The Battle of Savra (Serbian: Битка на Саурском пољу; "Battle on the Saurian field") was fought on 18 September 1385 between Ottoman and much smaller Zetan forces, at the Savra field near Lushnjë ...
Fall of Constantinople
The Fall of Constantinople (Greek: Άλωση της Κωνσταντινούπολης, Alōsē tēs Kōnstantinoupolēs; Turkish: İstanbul'un Fethi Conquest of Istanbul) was the capture of the capital of the Eastern Roma...
Fall of Constantinople - Wikipedia
Murad II
Murad II Kodja (June 1404, Amasya – 3 February 1451, Edirne) (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثانى Murād-ı sānī, Turkish:II. Murat) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1421 to 1451 (except for a period f...
Murad II - Wikipedia
Fall of Philadelphia
The Fall of Philadelphia marked the fall of the last independent Christian Greek settlement in western Asia Minor to the Muslim Turks of the Ottoman Sultanate. Ironically, the besieging army included ...
Battle of Kosovo (1448)
The Second Battle of Kosovo (Hungarian: második rigómezei csata, Turkish: İkinci Kosova savaşı) (17 October–20 October 1448) was fought at Kosovo Polje between a coalition of the Kingdom of Hung...
Battle of Kosovo (1448) - Wikipedia
Battle of Pločnik
21°21′20″E / 43.20194°N 21.35556°E / 43.20194; 21.35556The Battle of Pločnik was fought in 1386 (or, according to other sources, in 1387), at the village of Pločnik, near Prok...
Battle of Pločnik - Wikipedia
Reconquest of Gallipoli
The Savoyard crusade (1366–67) was born out of the same planning that led to the Alexandrian Crusade. It was the brainchild of Pope Urban V and was led by Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy, against the Ottom...
Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia
Stephen Uroš IV Dušan (Serbian: Стефан Урош IV Душан, [stêfaːn ûroʃ tʃětʋr̩ːtiː dǔʃan]), commonly known as Stephen Dušan and Dušan the Mighty (Dušan Silni/Душан Силни; c. 1308 – 20 December 1355)...
Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia - Wikipedia
Battle of Dubravnica
The Battle of Dubravnica (Битка на Дубравници) was fought in the summer of 1380 or December 1381, on the Dubravnica River near Paraćin in today's central Serbia, between the Serbian forces of Prince L...
Siege of Thessalonica (1422-1430)
The siege of Thessalonica between 1422 and 1430 was an ultimately successful attempt by the Ottoman Empire under Murad II to take the Byzantine city of Thessalonica. Initially, the Sultan desired to c...
Siege of Thessalonica (1422-1430) - Wikipedia
Mehmed Talat
Mehmed Talaat Pasha (Ottoman Turkish: محمد طلعت پاشا; Turkish: Mehmet Talât Paşa; 1874 – 15 March 1921), commonly known as Talaat Pasha, was one of the triumvirate known as the Three Pashas th...
Mehmed Talat - Wikipedia
Military history of Serbia
The military history of Serbia spans over 1100 years on the Balkan peninsula during the various forms of the Serbian state and Serbian army.
Medieval SerbiaModern SerbiaThe Serbian army during thi...
Military history of Serbia - Wikipedia
Osman Batur
Osman Batyr (Kazakh: Оспан батыр or وسپان باتىر; Chinese: 歐斯曼·巴圖爾; sometimes spelled as Uthmān/Osman Bātūr, Osman Batir or Osman Batur), (1899 - April 29, 1951), the son of Islambay was born i...
Ottoman Interregnum
The Ottoman Interregnum, or the Ottoman Civil War (20 July 1402 – 5 July 1413; Turkish: Fetret Devri), was a civil war in the Ottoman Empire between the sons of Sultan Bayezid I following the defe...
Battle of Maritsa
The Battle of Maritsa, or Battle of Chernomen (Serbian: Маричка битка, бој код Черномена, Bulgarian: Битката при Марица, битката при Черномен, Turkish: Çirmen Muharebesi, İkinci Meriç Muha...
Murad I
Murad I (Ottoman Turkish: مراد اول) (Turkish: I. Murat Hüdavendigâr) (nicknamed Hüdavendigâr, from Persian خداوندگار Khodāvandgār, "the God-like One" – but meaning "sovereign" in this context)...
Murad I - Wikipedia
Tamerlane
Timur (Persian: تیمور‎ Timūr, Chagatai: Temür, Uzbek: Temur; died 18 February 1405), historically known as Tamerlane (Persian: تيمور لنگ‎ Timūr(-e) Lang, "Timur the Lame"), was a Turko-Mon...
Tamerlane - Wikipedia
Battle of Kosovo
The Battle of Kosovo (Serbian: Kosovska bitka/Косовска битка, Turkish: Kosova Savaşı) took place on 15 June 1389 between the army led by the Serbian Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović, and the invadin...
Battle of Kosovo - Wikipedia
Battle of Adrianople (1365)
Adrianople, a major Byzantine city in Thrace, was conquered by the Ottomans sometime in the 1360s, and eventually became the Ottoman capital, until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453.
Following th...
Orhan I
Orhan or Orhan Bey (Ottoman: اورخان غازی, Orhan Gazi; 1281 – March 1362) was the second bey of the nascent Ottoman Empire (then known as the Ottoman Beylik or Emirate) from 1326 to 1362. He was ...
Orhan I - Wikipedia
Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria
From ca. 970 until 1018, a series of conflicts between the Bulgarian Empire and the Byzantine Empire led to the gradual conquest of Bulgaria by the Byzantines, who thus re-established their control ov...
Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria
Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria refers to a conflict beginning in 967/968 and ending in 971, carried out in the eastern Balkans, and involving the Kievan Rus', Bulgaria, and the Byzantine Empire. Th...
Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Mehmed the Conqueror
Mehmed II (Ottoman Turkish: محمد ثانى, Meḥmed-i s̠ānī; Turkish: II. Mehmet [ˈmeh.met]; also known as el-Fātiḥ, الفاتح, "the Conqueror" in Ottoman Turkish; in modern Turkish, Fatih Sultan Mehme...
Mehmed the Conqueror - Wikipedia
Siege of Constantinople
There were several sieges of Constantinople during the history of the Byzantine Empire. Two of them resulted in the capture of Constantinople from Byzantine rule: in 1204 by Crusaders, and in 1453 by ...