Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
Ivan Alexander (Bulgarian: Иван Александър, transliterated Ivan Aleksandǎr; pronounced [iˈvan alɛkˈsandər]; original spelling: ), also known as John Alexander, ruled as Emperor (Tsar) of Bulgaria ...
Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars
The Byzantine–Bulgarian wars were a series of conflicts fought between the Byzantines and Bulgarians which began when the Bulgars first settled in the Balkan peninsula in the 5th century, and intensi...
Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars - Wikipedia
Serbian Empire
The Serbian Empire (Serbian: Српско Царство / Srpsko Carstvo, [sr̩̂pskoː tsâːrstʋo]) is a historiographical term for the empire in the Balkan peninsula that emerged from the medieval Serbian Kingd...
Serbian Empire - Wikipedia
Rise of the Ottoman Empire
The foundation and rise of the Ottoman Empire (1299 – 29 May 1453) is the period that started with the weakening of the Seljuq Sultanate of Rûm in the very early 14th century and ended with the fall o...
Rise of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
Bulgarian-Ottoman Wars
The Bulgarian–Ottoman wars were fought between the kingdoms remaining from the disintegrating Second Bulgarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire, in the second half of the 14th century. The wars resulted...
Bulgarian-Ottoman Wars - Wikipedia
Architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School
The Architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School is a term for the development of architecture during the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185–1396). In the 13th and 14th centuries the capital Tarnovo determ...
Architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School - Wikipedia
Fall of the Serbian Empire
The fall of the Serbian Empire was a decades-long period in the late 14th century that marked the end of once powerful Serbian Empire. Following the death of child-less Emperor Uroš the Weak in 1371, ...
Fall of the Serbian Empire - Wikipedia
Siege of Belgrade (1456)
The Siege of Belgrade or Battle of Belgrade or Siege of Nándorfehérvár occurred from July 4–22, 1456. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II rallied his resources in or...
Siege of Belgrade (1456) - Wikipedia
Beyazid I
Bayezid I (Ottoman Turkish: بايزيد اول; Turkish: 1. Beyazıt; nicknamed Yıldırım (Ottoman Turkish: ییلدیرم), "The Lightning"; 1360 – 8 March 1403) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1389...
Beyazid I - Wikipedia
Battle of Savra
The Battle of Savra (Serbian: Битка на Саурском пољу; "Battle on the Saurian field") was fought on 18 September 1385 between Ottoman and much smaller Zetan forces, at the Savra field near Lushnjë ...
Murad II
Murad II Kodja (June 1404, Amasya – 3 February 1451, Edirne) (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثانى Murād-ı sānī, Turkish:II. Murat) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1421 to 1451 (except for a period f...
Murad II - Wikipedia
Fall of Philadelphia
The Fall of Philadelphia marked the fall of the last independent Christian Greek settlement in western Asia Minor to the Muslim Turks of the Ottoman Sultanate. Ironically, the besieging army included ...
Reconquest of Gallipoli
The Savoyard crusade (1366–67) was born out of the same planning that led to the Alexandrian Crusade. It was the brainchild of Pope Urban V and was led by Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy, against the Ottom...
Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia
Stephen Uroš IV Dušan (Serbian: Стефан Урош IV Душан, [stêfaːn ûroʃ tʃětʋr̩ːtiː dǔʃan]), commonly known as Stephen Dušan and Dušan the Mighty (Dušan Silni/Душан Силни; c. 1308 – 20 December 1355)...
Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia - Wikipedia
Battle of Dubravnica
The Battle of Dubravnica (Битка на Дубравници) was fought in the summer of 1380 or December 1381, on the Dubravnica River near Paraćin in today's central Serbia, between the Serbian forces of Prince L...
Battle of Varna
The Battle of Varna took place on 10 November 1444 near Varna in eastern Bulgaria. The Ottoman Army under Sultan Murad II defeated the Hungarian-Polish and Wallachian armies commanded by Władysław III...
Battle of Varna - Wikipedia
Ottoman Interregnum
The Ottoman Interregnum, or the Ottoman Civil War (20 July 1402 – 5 July 1413; Turkish: Fetret Devri), was a civil war in the Ottoman Empire between the sons of Sultan Bayezid I following the defe...
Stephen Uroš V of Serbia
Saint Stephen Uroš V (Serbian: Свети Стефан Урош V; 1336 – 2/4 December 1371), also known as Stefan Uroš the Weak (Nejaki), was king of the Serbian Empire (1346–1355) as co-regent o...
Stephen Uroš V of Serbia - Wikipedia
Battle of Maritsa
The Battle of Maritsa, or Battle of Chernomen (Serbian: Маричка битка, бој код Черномена, Bulgarian: Битката при Марица, битката при Черномен, Turkish: Çirmen Muharebesi, İkinci Meriç Muha...
Murad I
Murad I (Ottoman Turkish: مراد اول) (Turkish: I. Murat Hüdavendigâr) (nicknamed Hüdavendigâr, from Persian خداوندگار Khodāvandgār, "the God-like One" – but meaning "sovereign" in this context)...
Murad I - Wikipedia
List of Serbian monarchs
This is an archontological list of Serbian monarchs, containing monarchs of the medieval principalities, to heads of state of modern Serbia.The Serbian monarchy dates back to the Early Middle Ages. Th...
List of Serbian monarchs - Wikipedia
Battle of Breadfield
The Battle of Breadfield (Hungarian: Kenyérmezei csata, Romanian: Bătălia de la Câmpul Pâinii, Turkish: Ekmek Otlak Savaşı) was the most tremendous conflict fought in Transylvania up to th...
Battle of Breadfield - Wikipedia
Tamerlane
Timur (Persian: تیمور‎ Timūr, Chagatai: Temür, Uzbek: Temur; died 18 February 1405), historically known as Tamerlane (Persian: تيمور لنگ‎ Timūr(-e) Lang, "Timur the Lame"), was a Turko-Mon...
Tamerlane - Wikipedia
Battle of Kosovo
The Battle of Kosovo (Serbian: Kosovska bitka/Косовска битка, Turkish: Kosova Savaşı) took place on 15 June 1389 between the army led by the Serbian Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović, and the invadin...
Battle of Kosovo - Wikipedia
Battle of Adrianople (1365)
Adrianople, a major Byzantine city in Thrace, was conquered by the Ottomans sometime in the 1360s, and eventually became the Ottoman capital, until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453.
Following th...
Battle of Kosovo (1448)
The Second Battle of Kosovo (Hungarian: második rigómezei csata, Turkish: İkinci Kosova savaşı) (17 October–20 October 1448) was fought at Kosovo Polje between a coalition of the Kingdom of Hung...
Battle of Kosovo (1448) - Wikipedia
Siege of Thessalonica (1422-1430)
The siege of Thessalonica between 1422 and 1430 was an ultimately successful attempt by the Ottoman Empire under Murad II to take the Byzantine city of Thessalonica. Initially, the Sultan desired to c...
Siege of Thessalonica (1422-1430) - Wikipedia
Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria
From ca. 970 until 1018, a series of conflicts between the Bulgarian Empire and the Byzantine Empire led to the gradual conquest of Bulgaria by the Byzantines, who thus re-established their control ov...
Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria
Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria refers to a conflict beginning in 967/968 and ending in 971, carried out in the eastern Balkans, and involving the Kievan Rus', Bulgaria, and the Byzantine Empire. Th...
Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Battle of Pločnik
21°21′20″E / 43.20194°N 21.35556°E / 43.20194; 21.35556The Battle of Pločnik was fought in 1386 (or, according to other sources, in 1387), at the village of Pločnik, near Prok...
Battle of Pločnik - Wikipedia