Jewish Christianity
Jewish Christians, also Hebrew Christians or Judeo-Christians, were the original members of the Jewish movement that later became Christianity. In the earliest stage the community was made up of all t...
Jewish Christianity - Wikipedia
Split of early Christianity and Judaism
The split of early Christianity and Judaism took place during the first centuries of the Common Era. It is commonly attributed to a number of events, including the rejection and crucifixion of Jesus (...
Split of early Christianity and Judaism - Wikipedia
Paul of Tarsus and Judaism
The relationship between Paul the Apostle and Second Temple Judaism continues to be the subject of much scholarly research, as it is thought that Paul played an important role in the relationship betw...
Paul of Tarsus and Judaism - Wikipedia
Circumcision controversy in early Christianity
The Early Christian Council of Jerusalem did not include religious male circumcision as a requirement for new gentile converts. This became known as the "Apostolic Decree" and may be one of the first ...
Circumcision controversy in early Christianity - Wikipedia
Messianic Judaism
Messianic Judaism is a religious movement that arose the 1960s and 1970s. It is considered syncretic by some as it incorporates elements of Judaism with the tenets of Christianity, Messianic Judaism ...
Jewish-Christian gospels
The Jewish–Christian Gospels were gospels of a Jewish Christian character quoted by Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Eusebius, Epiphanius, Jerome and probably Didymus the Blind. Most modern scholars hav...
Jewish-Christian gospels - Wikipedia
C. W. H. Pauli
Zebi Nasi Hirsch Prinz (Hebrew Tzvi Nassi) in German Heinrich Prinz, and later Rev. Christian William Henry Pauli (Breslau 11 August 1800 – Amsterdam 4 May 1877) was a convert to Christiani...
Council of Jerusalem
Council of Jerusalem (or Apostolic Conference) is a name applied by historians and theologians to a Christian Apostolic Age council that was held in Jerusalem and dated to around the year 50 AD. It is...
Council of Jerusalem - Wikipedia
Church's Ministry Among Jewish People
The Church's Ministry Among Jewish People (CMJ) (formerly the London Jews' Society and the London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews) is an Anglican missionary society founded in 1809...
Church's Ministry Among Jewish People - Wikipedia
Hebrew Christian movement
The Hebrew Christian movement of the 19th and 20th centuries consisted of Jews who converted to Christianity, but worshiped in congregations separate from denominational churches. In many cases, they ...
Ebionites
Ebionites, or Ebionaioi (Greek: Ἐβιωναῖοι; derived from Hebrew אביונים ebyonim, ebionim, meaning "the poor" or "poor ones"), is a patristic term referring to a Jewish Christian movement that existed ...
Ebionites - Wikipedia
Henry Aaron Stern
Henry Aaron Stern (Unterreichenbach, near Gelnhausen, 11 April 1820 - Hackney, 13 May 1885) was an Anglican missionary and captive in Abyssinia. He was the youngest son of Aaron Stern, a Jew, and Hann...
Henry Aaron Stern - Wikipedia
Ruth Lapide
Ruth Lapide (née Ruth Rosenblatt, born 1929 in Burghaslach), Franconia, Germany, is a Jewish theologian and historian who is foremost among German language scholars that endeavor to facilitate and imp...
State church of the Roman Empire
Nicene Christianity became the state church of the Roman Empire with the Edict of Thessalonica in AD 380, when Emperor Theodosius I made it the Empire's sole authorized religion. The Eastern Orthodox ...
State church of the Roman Empire - Wikipedia
Joseph Samuel C. F. Frey
Joseph Samuel Christian Frederick Frey (born Joseph Levi) (1771–1850) was a missionary to Jews. In 1809 he founded the London Society for promoting Christianity amongst the Jews after disagreements wi...
Joseph Samuel C. F. Frey - Wikipedia
Elcesaites
The Elcesaites, Elkasaites, Elkesaites, or Elchasaites were an ancient Jewish-Christian basing their origin from the Book of Elchasai. The sect is possibly related to the Ebionites, in Sassanid south...
Christian mission to Jews
Christian mission to Jews, or evangelism among Jews, or proselytism to Jews is a subset of Christian mission activity aimed specifically at practising believers in Judaism.
The first Christian wit...
New Wine into Old Wineskins
New Wine into Old Wineskins is, according to the New Testament, one of a pair of parables told by Jesus. It is found at Matthew 9:14-17, Mark 2:21-22 and Luke 5:33-39. A version of the parable also ap...
New Wine into Old Wineskins - Wikipedia
Carl Schwartz
Dr August Ferdinand Carl Schwartz (1817–1870) was a leading Hebrew Christian clergyman and minister of the Free Church of Scotland in Amsterdam, then Free Church minister in London.He was father of th...
Jesus in the Talmud
The Talmud contains passages that some scholars have concluded are references to Christian traditions about Jesus. The history of textual transmission of these passages is complex and scholars are not...
Jesus in the Talmud - Wikipedia
Zealotry
The Zealots were originally a political movement in 1st century Second Temple Judaism which sought to incite the people of Judaea Province to rebel against the Roman Empire and expel it from the Holy ...
Zealotry - Wikipedia
Apostolic Age
The Apostolic Age of the history of Christianity is traditionally the period of the Twelve Apostles, dating from the Great Commission of the Apostles by the resurrected Jesus in Jerusalem c. 33 until ...
Apostolic Age - Wikipedia
Judaizers
Judaizers is predominantly a Christian term, derived from the Greek verb ioudaïzō (ἰουδαΐζω "live according to Jewish customs", see Ioudaios). This term is most widely known from its single use in the...
Hellenistic Judaism
Hellenistic Judaism was a form of Judaism in the ancient world that combined Jewish religious tradition with elements of Greek culture. Until the fall of the Roman Empire and the Muslim conquests of t...
Hellenistic Judaism - Wikipedia
Christianity in the 2nd century
Christianity in the 2nd century was largely the time of the Apostolic Fathers who were the students of the apostles of Jesus, though there is some overlap as John the Apostle may have survived into ...
Christianity in the 2nd century - Wikipedia
Hebrew Christian Alliance of Great Britain
The Hebrew Christian Alliance of Great Britain--known today as the British Messianic Jewish Alliance—was founded in 1866 by Dr. Carl Schwartz "to promote the combination of Jewish heritage and Christi...
Historical background of New Testament
Most scholars who study the Historical Jesus and Early Christianity believe that the Canonical Gospels and life of Jesus must be viewed as firmly placed within his historical and cultural context, ra...
Historical background of New Testament - Wikipedia
Jewish views on missionaries and counter-missionaries
A number of religious groups, particularly Christians and Muslims, are involved in proselytization of Jews, attempts to recruit, or "missionize" Jews. Additionally, there are a number of Jewish counte...