Jewish Messiah claimants
The Messiah in Judaism has a number of interpretations, historical and eschatological, including any king chosen by God; a holy king who will lead the Israelites and Proselytes; and someone who will u...
Jewish Messiah claimants - Wikipedia
List of messiah claimants
This is a list of people who have been said to be a messiah, either by themselves or by their followers. The list is divided into categories, which are sorted according to date of birth (where known)....
List of messiah claimants - Wikipedia
Sabbateans
Sabbateans (Sabbatians) is a complex general term that refers to a variety of followers of, disciples and believers in Sabbatai Zevi (1626–1676), a Jewish rabbi who was proclaimed to be the Jewish Mes...
Sabbateans - Wikipedia
Moses Botarel
Moses Botarel was a Spanish scholar who lived in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. He was a pupil of Jacob Sefardi (the Spaniard), who instructed him in the Kabbala. Moses studied medicine and ...
Simon of Peraea
Simon of Peraea or Simon son of Joseph was a former slave of Herod the Great who rebelled and was killed by the Romans in 4 BC. He has been identified as the messiah of Gabriel's Revelation. He is men...
Simon bar Kokhba
Simon bar Kokhba (Hebrew: שמעון בר כוכבא‎) (died 135 CE) was the Jewish leader of what is known as the Bar Kokhba revolt against the Roman Empire in 132 CE, establishing an independent Jewish st...
Simon bar Kokhba - Wikipedia
Menahem ben Judah
Menahem ben Judah was one of several Jewish Messiah claimants around the time of the Jewish War and is mentioned by Josephus. He was the son of Judas of Galilee and grandson of Hezekiah, the leader of...
Jacob Hagis
Jacob Hagiz (1620–1674) was a Jewish Talmudist born of a Sephardi Jewish family at Fez. Ḥagiz's teacher was David Karigal (Ḳorban Minḥah, No. 105), who afterward became his father-in-law. About 1646 Ḥ...
Jacob Hagis - Wikipedia
Jacob Emden
Jacob Emden. also known as Ya'avetz (June 4, 1697, Altona – April 19, 1776, Altona), was a leading German rabbi and talmudist who championed Orthodox Judaism in the face of the growing influence of t...
Jacob Emden - Wikipedia
Abu Isa
Abu 'Isa (also known as Ovadiah, Ishaq ibn Ya'qub al-Isfahani, Isaac ibn Jacob al-Isfahani) was a self-proclaimed Jewish prophet sometime in the 8th century AD in Persia. He is known as the originator...
Shukr Kuhayl I
Shukr ben Salim Kuhayl I (?–1865), also known as Mari (Master) Shukr Kuhayl I (Hebrew: מרי שכר כחיל), was a Yemenite messianic claimant of the 19th century. He initially revealed himself in San‘a’ in ...
Shukr Kuhayl I - Wikipedia
Moses of Crete
Moses of Crete was a Jewish Messiah claimant and apocalyptic prophet in the 5th century C.E.After the failed Bar Kokba war, there was an end to Messianic movements for several centuries. However, the ...
Sabbatai Zevi
Sabbatai Zevi (שַׁבְּתַי צְבִי Shabbetai Tzvi, other spellings include Sabbatai Ẓevi, Shabbetai Ẓevi, Sabbatai Sevi, and Sabetay Sevi in Turkish) (August 1, 1626 – c. September 17, 1676) was a Sephard...
Sabbatai Zevi - Wikipedia
Lukuas
Lukuas was one of the leaders of Jewish rebels during the Kitos War, in 2nd century CE. The story about Lukuas is told by Eusebius of Caesarea.
In 115 large scale Jewish revolts erupted across the...
People claiming to be the Mahdi
In Muslim eschatology, the Mahdi is a Messianic figure who, it is believed, will appear on Earth before the Day of Judgment and, will rid the world of wrongdoing, injustice and tyranny. People claimin...
People claiming to be the Mahdi - Wikipedia
Judah Leib Prossnitz
Judah Leib (Leibele) (Löbele) Prossnitz (c.1670 – c.1730/1750) was a kabbalist born about the end of the seventeenth century at Brody, Galicia. He left his native city and went to Prossnitz, Moravia, ...
Judah Leib Prossnitz - Wikipedia
David Nieto
David Nieto (1654 – 10 January 1728) was the Haham of the Spanish and Portuguese Jewish community in London, later succeeded in this capacity by his son, Isaac Nieto.Nieto was born in Venice. He firs...
David Nieto - Wikipedia
Jacob ben Aaron Sasportas
Jacob ben Aaron Sasportas (1610 – April 15, 1698), was a rabbi, cabalist, and anti-Shabbethaian; he was the father of Isaac ben Jacob Sasportas.Sasportas was born at Oran. He became rabbi succe...
Jacob ben Aaron Sasportas - Wikipedia
Theudas
Theudas /ˈθjuːdəs/ (died c. 46 AD) was a Jewish rebel of the 1st century AD. His name, if a Greek compound, may mean "gift of God", although other scholars believe its etymology is Semitic and might m...
Menahem ben Hezekiah
Menahem ben Hezekiah was a quasi-Messianic Jewish teacher born on the day the Second Temple was destroyed (AD 70). He may be the same as Menahem ben Judah; also see Menahem ben Ammiel.In the Babylonia...
Abraham Abulafia
Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia (Hebrew: אברהם בן שמואל אבולעפיה‎), the founder of the school of "Prophetic Kabbalah", was born in Zaragoza, Spain, in 1240, and is assumed to have died sometime afte...
Abraham Abulafia - Wikipedia
Judah ben Shalom
Judah ben Shalom (died ca. 1878) (Hebrew: יהודה בן שלום), also known as Mori (Master) Shooker Kohail II or Shukr Kuhayl II (Hebrew: מרי שכר כחיל), was a Yemenite messianic pretender of the mid-19th ce...
Judah ben Shalom - Wikipedia
David Alroy
David Alroy (fl. 1160) was a Jewish pseudo-Messiah born in Amadiya, Iraq. David Alroy studied Torah and Talmud under Hisdai the Exilarch, and Ali, the head of the Academy in Baghdad. He was also well-...
Moses Hagiz
Moses Hagiz (1671 – ca. 1750) (Hebrew: משה חגיז) was a Talmudic scholar, rabbi, kabbalist, and author born in Jerusalem, Palestine. He was one of the most prominent and influential Jewish leaders in 1...
Eve Frank
Eve Frank or Eva Frank (1754 – 1816 or 1817), born in Nikopol, Ottoman Empire (now Bulgaria) under the name Rebecca or Rachel, was the daughter of Jacob Frank, the claimant to the position of Jewish M...
Eve Frank - Wikipedia
Aaron Lapapa
Aaron ben Isaac Lapapa (c. 1590–1674) was an Oriental rabbi and Talmudist. He was at first rabbi at Manissa, Turkey, and at an advanced age was called to Smyrna as judge in civil affairs. In 1665, whe...
Jonathan Eybeschutz
Jonathan Eybeschütz (Kraków 1690 - Altona 1764), was a Talmudist, Halachist, Kabbalist, holding positions as Dayan of Prague, and later as Rabbi of the "Three Communities": Altona, Hamburg and Wandsbe...
Jonathan Eybeschutz - Wikipedia
Criticism of the Talmud
The Talmud (/ˈtɑːlmʊd, -məd, ˈtæl-/; Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root lmd "teach, study") is a central text of Rabbinic Judaism. It is also traditionally referred to as Sh...
Criticism of the Talmud - Wikipedia
Joseph Escapa
Joseph Escapa (c. 1572–1662) served in the rabbinate of İzmir. He was probably born at Skopje, European Turkey, after which place he is named.
At first rabbi and chief of the yeshivah at Th...
Dönmeh
Dönmeh (Turkish: Dönme) refers to a group of crypto-Jews in the Ottoman Empire who, to escape the inferior condition of dhimmis, converted publicly to Islam, but were said to have retained their b...
Dönmeh - Wikipedia