Erfurt massacre (1349)
The Erfurt massacre refers to the massacre of the Jewish community in Erfurt, Germany, on March 21, 1349. Accounts of the number of Jews killed in the massacre vary from over 100 to 1000 to approximat...
Jews in the German Middle Ages
Jewish settlers founded the Ashkenazi Jewish community in the Early (5th to 10th centuries CE) and High Middle Ages (c.1000–1299 CE). The community prospered under Charlemagne, but suffered during the...
Jews in the German Middle Ages - Wikipedia
Dhu Nuwas
Yūsuf Dhū Nuwās, (Arabic: يوسف ذو نواس‎) (also Yūsuf As'ar Yath'ar (Saba'ic Y(w)s1f 's1'r Yṯ'r or Dunaan;, Syriac Masruq; Greek Dounaas (Δουναας), was a Judaic warlord in Yemen between 517 t...
Ancient Israel and Judah
Israel and Judah were related Iron Age kingdoms of the ancient Levant. The Kingdom of Israel emerged as an important local power by the 9th century BCE before falling to the Neo-Assyrian Empire in 722...
Ancient Israel and Judah - Wikipedia
Adiabene
Adiabene (from the Ancient Greek Ἀδιαβηνή, Adiabene, itself derived from Classical Syriac: ܚܕܝܐܒ, Ḥaḏy’aḇ or Ḥḏay’aḇ, Old Persian: Nodshirakan, Armenian: Նոր Շիրական, Nor Shirakan) was an ancient ...
Jews in the Italian Middle Ages
The history of the Jews in Italy spans more than two thousand years. The Jewish presence in Italy dates to the pre-Christian Roman period and has continued, despite periods of extreme persecutions an...
Jews in the Italian Middle Ages - Wikipedia
Edict of Expulsion
In 1290, King Edward I issued an edict expelling all Jews from England. The expulsion edict remained in force for the rest of the Middle Ages. The edict was not an isolated incident, but the culminati...
Jews in the French Middle Ages
The history of the Jews of France deals with the Jews and Jewish communities in France. There has been a Jewish presence in France since at least the early Middle Ages. France was once a center of Jew...
Jews in the French Middle Ages - Wikipedia
Milhamoth ha-Shem
Milhamoth ha-Shem (Hebrew מלחמות השם) or Milhamoth Adonai (Wars of the Lord) is the title of several Hebrew polemical texts. The phrase is taken from the Book of the Wars of the Lord referenced in Num...
Qubur Bani Isra'in
Qubur Bani Isra'il (trans. "Tombs of the Children of Israel"), are huge stone structures which rise from a rocky plateau overlooking Wadi Qelt, about 3.5 miles northeast of Jerusalem along Highway 437...
Qubur Bani Isra'in - Wikipedia
Colmar Treasure
The Colmar Treasure or Colmar hoard is a hoard of precious objects buried by Jews at the time of the Black Death.
The Treasure was found in 1863 in the wall of a house in the medieval rue des Juif...
Colmar Treasure - Wikipedia
Disputation of Barcelona
The Disputation of Barcelona (July 20–24, 1263) was a formal ordered medieval debate between representatives of Christianity and Judaism regarding whether or not Jesus was the Messiah. It was held at...
Disputation of Barcelona - Wikipedia
Black Death Jewish persecutions
The Black Death persecutions and massacres were a series of violent attacks on Jewish communities blamed for an outbreak of the Black Death in Europe from 1348 to 1350.
As the plague swept across ...
Black Death Jewish persecutions - Wikipedia
Medieval Hebrew
Medieval Hebrew has many features that distinguish it from older forms of Hebrew. These affect grammar, syntax, sentence structure, and also include a wide variety of new lexical items, which are usu...
Medieval Hebrew - Wikipedia
History of the Jews and the Crusades
The history of the Jews and the crusades became a part of the history of antisemitism for the Jews in the Middle Ages. The call for the First Crusade touched off new persecutions of the Jews that woul...