Jure uxoris
Jure uxoris is a Latin term that means "by right of his wife" or "in right of a wife". It is commonly used to refer to a title held by a man whose wife holds it in her own right. Similarly, the husban...
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Francis I (German: Franz Stefan; Italian: Francesco Stefano; English: Francis Stephen; 8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively e...
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia
Germaine of Foix
Germaine of Foix (1488 – 18 October 1538) was queen consort of Aragon as the second wife of Ferdinand II of Aragon, whom he married in 1505 after the death of his first wife, Isabella I of Castil...
Germaine of Foix - Wikipedia
Guillaume d'Ercuis
Guillaume d'Ercuis (1265 — 1314/15) was the almoner to King Philip III of France and the tutor of his son, King Philip IV. He was a royal notary, and, as one of the King's men, a canon of the cathedra...
Catholic Monarchs
The Catholic Monarchs (Spanish: Reyes Católicos) is the joint title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. They were both from the House of Trastámara an...
Catholic Monarchs - Wikipedia
Amalric II of Jerusalem
Aimery (Latin Aimericus; 1145 – 1 April 1205), born Aimery of Lusignan, was the first King of Cyprus (1194–1205) and tenth King of Jerusalem (1197–1205). He was an older brother of Guy of Lusignan. O...
Knights Templar
The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), commonly known as the Knights Templar, the Order of Solomon's Temple (F...
Knights Templar - Wikipedia
Martin I of Sicily
Martin I of Sicily (c. 1374/1376 – 25 July 1409), called "The Younger", was King of Sicily from 1390 to 1409.Martin's father was the future King Martin I of Aragon, and his grandparents were King Pet...
Martin I of Sicily - Wikipedia
Treaty of Tordesillas
The Treaty of Tordesillas (Portuguese: Tratado de Tordesilhas [tɾɐˈtaðu ðɨ tuɾðɨˈziʎɐʃ], Spanish: Tratado de Tordesillas [tɾaˈtaðo ðe toɾðeˈsiʎas]), signed at Tordesillas (now in Valladolid pr...
Treaty of Tordesillas - Wikipedia
John I of Castile
John I (Spanish: Juan I; 24 August 1358 – 9 October 1390) was King of the Crown of Castile from 1379 until 1390. He was the son of Henry II and of his wife Juana Manuel of Castile. He was the last...
John I of Castile - Wikipedia
John II of Aragon
John II the Faithless (Catalan: Joan II el Sense Fe), also known as the Great (29 June 1398 – 20 January 1479) was the King of Aragon from 1458 until 1479, and jure uxoris King of Navarre from 1425 un...
John II of Aragon - Wikipedia
Louis de Beaumont, 2nd Count de Lerín
Louis of Beaumont, was a medieval noble of the kingdom of Navarre. He was the 2nd Count of Lerín in Southern Navarre, Marquis of Huesca and Connetable de Navarre.
Louis prospered initially due to ...
Louis de Beaumont, 2nd Count de Lerín - Wikipedia
John of Brienne
John of Brienne (c. 1170 – 27 March 1237) was a French nobleman who became King of Jerusalem by marriage, and ruled the Latin Empire of Constantinople as regent.
John of Brienne was the second son...
Philip III of Navarre
Philip III (27 March 1306 – 16 September 1343), called the Noble (el Noble) or the Wise, Count of Évreux (1319–1343) and King of Navarre (1328–1343), was the second son of Louis of Évreux and Margaret...
Philip III of Navarre - Wikipedia
Franco-Mongol alliance
Several attempts at a Franco-Mongol alliance against the Islamic caliphates, their common enemy, were made by various leaders among the Frankish Crusaders and the Mongol Empire in the 1200s. Such an a...
Franco-Mongol alliance - Wikipedia
Alhambra Decree
The Alhambra Decree (also known as the Edict of Expulsion) was an edict issued on 31 March 1492 by the joint Catholic Monarchs of Spain (Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon) ordering the ...
Alhambra Decree - Wikipedia
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
Sigismund of Luxemburg (14 February 1368 – 9 December 1437) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany fro...
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia
Stephen Báthory
Stephen Báthory (Hungarian: Báthory István; Polish: Stefan Batory; Lithuanian: Steponas Batoras; Romanian: Ştefan Báthory; 27 September 1533 – 12 December 1586) was Voivode of Transylv...
Stephen Báthory - Wikipedia
Philip IV of France
Philip IV (April–June 1268 – 29 November 1314), called the Fair (French: Philippe le Bel) or the Iron King (French: le Roi de fer), was King of France from 1285 until his death. By virtu...
Philip IV of France - Wikipedia
Louis I, Duke of Anjou
Louis I (23 July 1339 – 20 September 1384) was the second son of John II of France and the founder of the Angevin branch of the French royal house. Bonne of Bohemia gave birth to him at the Château de...
Louis I, Duke of Anjou - Wikipedia
Treaty of Granada (1491)
The Treaty of Granada was signed and ratified on November 25, 1491 between Boabdil, the sultan of Granada, and Ferdinand and Isabella, the King and Queen of Castile, León, Aragon and Sicily. It ended...
Antoine of Navarre
Antoine (in English, Anthony; 22 April 1518 – 17 November 1562) was the King of Navarre through his marriage (jure uxoris) to Queen Jeanne III, from 1555 until his death. He was the first monarch of t...
Antoine of Navarre - Wikipedia
Treaty of Alcáçovas
The Treaty of Alcáçovas (also known as Treaty or Peace of Alcáçovas-Toledo) was signed on 4 September 1479 between the Catholic Monarchs of Castile and Aragon on one side and Afonso V and his son, Pri...
Treaty of Alcáçovas - Wikipedia
Columbus Letter on the First Voyage
Columbus's letter on the first voyage is the first known document announcing the results of the first voyage of Christopher Columbus that set out in 1492 and reached the Americas. The letter was oste...
Columbus Letter on the First Voyage - Wikipedia
Ferdinand II of Portugal
Ferdinand II (Portuguese: Dom Fernando II) (29 October 1816 – 15 December 1885) was King of Portugal jure uxoris as husband of Queen Maria II from the birth of their son in 1837 to her ...
Ferdinand II of Portugal - Wikipedia
John III of Navarre
John III (1469 – 14 June 1516), also known as Jean d'Albret, was jure uxoris, King consort of the Queen regnant Catherine of Navarre.He was a son of Alain I of Albret, Lord of Albret, and his wife, F...
John III of Navarre - Wikipedia
Władysław II Jagiełło
Jogaila, later  Władysław II Jagiełło  (c. 1352/1362 – 1 June 1434) was Grand Duke of Lithuania (1377–1434), King of Poland (1386–1399) alongside his wife Jadwiga, and then sole King of...
Władysław II Jagiełło - Wikipedia
Coinage of Philip IV of France
The coinage of Philip IV of France (1268–1314, also known as "Philippe le Bel") marks the first mass diffusion of gold coinage in the Kingdom of France (before him, only his grandfather Saint Louis IX...
Coinage of Philip IV of France - Wikipedia
Conrad of Montferrat
Conrad of Montferrat (Italian: Corrado del Monferrato; Piedmontese: Conrà ëd Monfrà) (mid-1140s – 28 April 1192) was a north Italian nobleman, one of the major participants in the Third Crusade. He wa...
Conrad of Montferrat - Wikipedia
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250), was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages and head of the House of Hohenstaufen. His political and cultural ambitions, ba...
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia
Fulk, King of Jerusalem
Fulk (Lat. Fulco, in French: Foulque or Foulques; c. 1089–92 – 13 November 1143), also known as Fulk the Younger, was Count of Anjou (as Fulk V) from 1109 to 1129, and King of Jerusalem from 113...
Fulk, King of Jerusalem - Wikipedia