Kingdom of Kandy
Kingdom of Kandy (Sinhala: මහනුවර රාජධානිය) was an independent monarchy of the island of Lanka, located in the central and eastern portion of the island. It was founded in late 15th century and endure...
Kingdom of Kandy - Wikipedia
Kingdom of Kotte
The Kingdom of Kotte (Sinhala: කෝට්ටේ රාජධානිය), centered on Sri Jayawardanapura Kotte (located just outside present-day Colombo), was a kingdom that flourished in Sri Lanka during the 15th centur...
Kingdom of Kotte - Wikipedia
Kingdom of Polonnaruwa
The Kingdom of Polonnaruwa was the kingdom from which Sri Lankan kings ruled the island from the 8th century until 1310 CE. Pollonnaruwa was the fifth administrative center of the Kingdom of Rajarata<...
Kingdom of Polonnaruwa - Wikipedia
Kotagama inscriptions
The Kotagama inscriptions found in Kegalle District in Sri Lanka is a record of victory left by the Aryacakravarti kings of the Jaffna Kingdom in western Sri Lanka. The inscription reads; Some histori...
Kotagama inscriptions - Wikipedia
Temple of the Tooth
Sri Dalada Maligawa (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී දළදා මාළිගාව Tamil: ஸ்ரீ தலதா மாளிகை) or the Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic is a Buddhist temple in the city of Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is located in the ro...
Temple of the Tooth - Wikipedia
Languages of Sri Lanka
Several languages are spoken in Sri Lanka within the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austronesian families. Sri Lanka accords official status to Sinhala and Tamil. The languages spoken on the island nation ...
Languages of Sri Lanka - Wikipedia
Rajarata
Rajarata [ra dja rǽ tə] (Sinhala: රජරට) (Tamil: ரஜரட) was one of three historical regions in the island country of Sri Lanka for about 1700 years from the 6th century BCE to the early 13th century CE....
Rajarata - Wikipedia
Vikramabahu of Ruhuna
Vikramabahu (1017–1041; known as Kassapa before his coronation) was a medieval king of Sri Lanka. Following the death of his father in 1029, Vikramabahu led the resistance movement against the Chola i...
Kandy
Kandy (Sinhala: මහ නුවර Maha nuwara, pronounced [mahaˈnuʋərə]; Tamil: கண்டி, pronounced [ˈkaɳɖi]) is a major city in Sri Lanka, located in the Central Province, Sri Lanka. It is the second lar...
Kandy - Wikipedia
Maya Rata
The Maya Rata, also known as the Kingdom of Dakkinadesa, was a medieval era Sinhalese kingdom located in Western part of Sri Lanka. The capitals were Kelaniya & Parakramapura. The boundaries of th...
Maya Rata - Wikipedia
Nallur (Jaffna)
Nallur (Tamil: நல்லூர்)(Sinhala: නල්ලුර් ) is a town in the northern Jaffna District, Sri Lanka. It is located 3 km south from the city centre of Jaffna. Nallur is famous for the Nallur ...
Nallur (Jaffna) - Wikipedia
Aryacakravarti dynasty
The Aryacakravarti dynasty (Tamil: ஆரியச் சக்கரவர்த்திகள் வம்சம்) were kings of the Jaffna Kingdom in Sri Lanka. The earliest Sri Lankan sources, between 1277 and 1283, mention a military leader o...
Aryacakravarti dynasty - Wikipedia
Yalpana Vaipava Malai
Yalpana Vaipava Malai (Tamil: யாழ்ப்பாண வைபவமாலை) is a book written by a Tamil poet called Mayilvagana Pulavar 1736 AD. This book contains historical facts of the early Tamil city of Jaffna. The...
Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna kingdom
The Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna kingdom occurred after Portuguese traders arrived at the rival Kotte Kingdom in the southwest of modern Sri Lanka in 1505. Many kings of Jaffna, such as Cankili ...
Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna kingdom - Wikipedia
Setu coins
Setu coins or Setu bull coins are found in large quantities in the northern part of Sri Lanka and in Southern India. Codrington in his book Ceylon Coins and Currency published in 1924 and Mitchiner in...
Setu coins - Wikipedia
Kingdom of Raigama
Gampola is a town located near Kandy in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. It was made the capital city of the island by King Buwanekabahu IV, who ruled for four years in the mid fourteenth century. ...
Kingdom of Raigama - Wikipedia
Jaffna kingdom
The Jaffna kingdom (Tamil: யாழ்ப்பாண அரசு) (1215-1624 CE), also known as Kingdom of Aryacakravarti, of modern northern Sri Lanka was a historic monarchy that came into existence around the town of...
Jaffna kingdom - Wikipedia
Hatadage
Hatadage (Sinhala: හැටදාගේ) is an ancient relic shrine in the city of Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka. It was built by Nissanka Malla, and had been used to keep the Relic of the tooth of the Buddha. The Hatada...
Hatadage - Wikipedia
Polonnaruwa Agreement
The agreement is contained in what is popularly known as the Polonnaruwa inscription. The Velakkara merceneries of Polonnaruwa Kingdom revolted in 1084, unwilling to fight their Tamil kinsmen after t...
Polonnaruwa Agreement - Wikipedia
Kingdom of Sitawaka
The Kingdom of Sitawaka (Sinhala: සීතාවක) was a kingdom located in south-central Sri Lanka. It emerged from the division of the kingdom of Kotte following the Spoiling of Vijayabahu in 1521, and over ...
Kingdom of Sitawaka - Wikipedia
Trincomalee Harbour
The Trincomalee Harbour is a large natural harbour in Sri Lanka. Located in Trincomalee, Sri Lanka in the heart of the Indian Ocean, its strategic importance has shaped its recent history. There had b...
Trincomalee Harbour - Wikipedia
Gal Vihara
The Gal Vihara (Sinhala: ගල් විහාරය), also known as Gal Viharaya, is a rock temple of the Buddha situated in the ancient city of Polonnaruwa in north-central Sri Lanka. It was fashioned in the 12th ce...
Gal Vihara - Wikipedia
Vijayabahu I of Polonnaruwa
Vijayabahu I (born, Prince Kitti ) (ruled 1055–1110) was a medieval king of Sri Lanka. Born to a royal bloodline, he grew up at a time when, part of the country was occupied by invaders from the Chola...
Vijayabahu I of Polonnaruwa - Wikipedia
Kingdom of Tambapanni
The Kingdom of Tambapanni, also referred to as Kingdom of Thambapanni, was the first administrative center in ancient Sri Lanka and Kingdom of Rajarata. It existed between 543 BC, with the first Sinha...
Kitti Sri Megha
Kitti Sri Megha (died 1140), also referred to as Kittisrimegha, was a medieval king of the principality of Dakkinadesa in Sri Lanka. The nephew of King Vijayabahu I, he attempted to seize the throne o...
Statue of Parakramabahu I
The statue near the Potgul Vehera in Polonnaruwa, commonly known as the statue of Parakramabahu I, is a stone sculpture dating back to the Polonnaruwa period of ancient Sri Lanka. Its identity is unce...
Statue of Parakramabahu I - Wikipedia
Phillippe de Oliveira
Phillippe de Oliveira or Filipe de Oliveira (died 1627) was a Portuguese military officer and the conqueror of the Jaffna Kingdom in northern modern day Sri Lanka on behalf of the Portuguese-controlle...
Vanniar (Chieftain)
Vanniar or Vannia (alt. sp. Vanniyar) (Tamil: வன்னியர்) is a title of a feudal chief in medieval Sri Lanka who ruled the Vannimai regions as tribute payers to the Jaffna kingdom. Vanniar is not re...
Polonnaruwa Vatadage
The Polonnaruwa Vatadage (Sinhala: පොළොන්නරුව වටදාගේ) is an ancient structure dating back to the Polonnaruwa period of Sri Lanka. It is believed to have been built during the reign of Parakramabahu I ...
Polonnaruwa Vatadage - Wikipedia
Ming–Kotte War
The Ming–Kotte War was a military conflict between the expeditionary forces of the Chinese Ming empire with the Sinhalese Kotte kingdom, located in the southern territories of present-day Sri Lanka. T...
Ming–Kotte War - Wikipedia