Kurds
The Kurds (Kurdish: کورد Kurd) are an ethnic Iranian group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of modern-day Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey, a geo-cultur...
Kurds - Wikipedia
Kurdish language
The Kurdish languages (Kurdî or کوردی) are several Western Iranian languages spoken by the Kurds in western Asia. The Kurdish languages are divided into four dialect groups, known as Kurmanji or North...
Kurdish language - Wikipedia
Kurdish population
The Kurdish people, the largest stateless nation in the world, live in Kurdistan which has been occupied by Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Syria since 16th century, with a population of an estimated 40 milli...
Kurdish population - Wikipedia
Gutian people
CEThe Gutians (/ˈɡuːtiənz/; also Guteans, Guti, Quti, Qurtie, Qurti, and Kurdu) were a tribe from northern and central ranges of the Zagros Mountains that overran southern Mesopotamia when the Akkadi...
Lullubi
CEThe Lullubi or Lulubi were a group of Pre-Iranian tribes during the 3rd millennium BC, from a region known as Lulubum, known as Zamwa Zagros Mountains of modern Iraq. Frayne (1990) identified thei...
Lullubi - Wikipedia
Medes
The Medes (/miːdz/, Old Persian Māda-, Ancient Greek: Μῆδοι, Hebrew: מָדַי) were an ancient Iranian people who lived in an area known as Media (North-western Iran and south-east Turkey) and who s...
Medes - Wikipedia
Cyrtii
CEThe Cyrtians or Kyrtians (gr. Κύρτιοι Kýrtioi, lat. Cyrtii) was an ancient Median tribe in historic Persia.According to Rüdiger Schmitt, a tribe dwelling mainly in the mountains of Atropatenian Med...
Carduchi
CECorduene (also known as Gorduene, Cordyene, Cardyene, Carduene, Gordyene, Gordyaea, Korduene, Gordian; Armenian: Կորճայք Korchayk; Greek: Κορδυηνή; Hebrew:קרטיגיני ) was an ancient region l...
Carduchi - Wikipedia
Saladin
Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb (Kurdish: سەلاحەدینی ئەییووبی/Selahedînê Eyûbî; Arabic: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب‎; Turkish: Selahaddin Eyyûbî) (1137/1138 – 4 March 1193), better known in the...
Saladin - Wikipedia
Ayyubid dynasty
The Ayyubid dynasty (Kurdish: دووگەلی ئەییووبی Dûgela Eyûbîyan; Arabic: الأيوبيون‎ al-Ayyūbīyūn; Turkish: Eyyûbîler) was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin, founded by Salad...
Ayyubid dynasty - Wikipedia
Sheik Ubeydullah
Sheikh Ubeydullah (died 1883) (Kurdish: Şêx Ubeydullayê Nehrî, شێخ وبه‌يدوڵاي نهری), also known as Sayyid Ubeydullah, was the leader of the first modern Kurdish nationalist struggle. Ubeydullah demand...
Sheik Ubeydullah - Wikipedia
Kurdish nationalism
Kurdish nationalism is the political movement holding that the Kurdish people are deserving of a sovereign nation in their homeland, Kurdistan, partitioned out of the territories in which Kurdish peop...
Kurdish nationalism - Wikipedia
Rise of nationalism under the Ottoman Empire
The rise of the Western notion of nationalism under the Ottoman Empire eventually caused the breakdown of the Ottoman millet concept. An understanding of the concept of the nationhood prevalent in the...
Rise of nationalism under the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
Kurdish refugees
The problem of Kurdish refugees and displaced people arose in the 20th century in the Middle East, and continues to loom today. The Kurds (Kurdish: کورد, Kurd), are an ethnic group in Western Asia...
Kurdish refugees - Wikipedia
Al-Anfal genocide
The al-Anfal Campaign (Arabic: حملة الأنفال‎), also known as the Kurdish Genocide, Operation Anfal or simply Anfal, was a genocidal campaign against the Kurdish people (and other non-Arab po...
Al-Anfal genocide - Wikipedia
Halabja poison gas attack
The Halabja chemical attack (Kurdish: Kîmyabarana Helebce کیمیابارانی ھەڵەبجە), also known as the Halabja Massacre or Bloody Friday, was a genocidal massacre against the Kurdish people that took plac...
Halabja poison gas attack - Wikipedia
Human rights in Turkey
Human rights in Turkey are protected by a variety of international law treaties, which take precedence over domestic legislation, according to Article 90 of the 1982 Constitution.The issue of human ri...
Human rights in Turkey - Wikipedia
Kurdistan Workers Party
The Kurdistan Workers' Party, commonly referred to by its Kurdish acronym, PKK (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistani) is a terrorist Kurdish organization.From 1984 to 2013, PKK fought an armed struggle against...
Kurdistan Workers Party - Wikipedia
History of the Kurds
The Kurds are an ethnic Iranian group who have historically inhabited the mountainous areas to the south of Caucasus (Northern Zagros and Eastern Taurus mountain ranges), a geographical area collectiv...
History of the Kurds - Wikipedia
Kurds in Syria
Kurdish inhabited areas are shaded in blue for areas inside Syria and light blue for areas outside the country.Kurds are the largest ethnic minority in Syria, comprising 10 to 15 percent of the countr...
Kurds in Syria - Wikipedia
Kurdish-Armenian relations
Kurdish-Armenian relations covers the historical relations between the Kurds and the Armenians.
Ancient Corduene, identified as Kurdistan in some sources was twice incorporated into the Kingdom of...
Kurdish-Armenian relations - Wikipedia
Kurds in Azerbaijan
Kurds settled what is now Azerbaijan in waves at various times beginning in the ninth century. By the tenth century, Ganja and its surroundings were ruled by the Shaddadids, a dynasty of Kurdish origi...
Yazidism
The Yazidis (also Yezidi, Êzidî, Yazdani) (/jəzˈiːdiːz/ yah-ZEE-dees) are a Kurdish religious community whose syncretic but ancient religion Yazidism (a kind of Yazdânism) is linked to Zoroastrianism ...
Yazidism - Wikipedia
Yarsan
The Yarsan or Ahl-e Haqq (Kurdish: یارسان‎, Yarsan, Persian: اهل حق‎ Ahl-e Haqq "People of Truth"), is a syncretic religion founded by Sultan Sahak in the late 14th century in western Iran...
Alevi
Alevism or Alevi (/'ælɛvij/, also /æˈlɛviː/ or /əˈleɪviː/, Turkish: Alevîlik or Turkish: Anadolu Alevîliği/Alevileri, also called Qizilbash, Spiritual Shiism or Sufi-Shia by outsiders) is a m...
Alevi - Wikipedia
Kurdish culture
Kurdish Culture is a group of distinctive cultural traits practiced by Kurdish people. The Kurdish culture is a legacy from ancient peoples who shaped modern Kurds and their society.Some aspects of Ku...
Kurdish culture - Wikipedia
Kurdish literature
Kurdish literature (in Kurdish: Wêjeya Kurdî) refers to literature written in the Kurdish language. Literary Kurdish works have been written in each of the four main dialects of Zazaki, Gorani, Kurman...
Kurdish literature - Wikipedia
Kurdish women
Kurdish women (Kurdish: Jinên/Afiretên Kurd) have traditionally played important roles in Kurdish history, society and politics.
Sharaf ad-Din Bitlisi's 1597 Sharafnama mentions three Kurdish wome...
Kurdish women - Wikipedia
Kurdish music
Kurdish music (Kurdish: موسیقای کوردی Musîqayî Kurdî) refers to music performed in Kurdish language.Traditionally, there are three types of Kurdish Classical performers - storytellers (Kurdish:...
Xoybûn
Xoybûn or Khoyboun (full name: Xoybûn - Ciwata Serxwebuna Kurd), meaning oneself/being oneself in Kurdish language, was a Kurdish nationalist organization that is known for leading the Ararat rebellio...
Xoybûn - Wikipedia