Kushan Empire
The Kushan Empire (Bactrian: κοϸανο; Sanskrit: कुषाण राजवंश Kuṣāṇ Rājavaṃśa; BHS: Guṣāṇa-vaṃśa; Parthian: 𐭊𐭅𐭔𐭍 𐭇𐭔𐭕𐭓 Kušan-xšaθr) was an empire originally formed in the early 1st ce...
Kushan Empire - Wikipedia
Roman trade with India
Roman trade in the Indian Subcontinent (see also the spice trade and incense road) through the overland caravan routes via Asia Minor and the Middle East, though at a relative trickle compared to late...
Roman trade with India - Wikipedia
Shaka Kushan
Shaka may have been the name of the Kushan emperor who succeeded Vasudeva II. There is a group of Kushan gold coins that all carry the Brahmi legend Shaka in the right field, in the same place where V...
Surkh Kotal
Surkh Kotal (Persian: سرخ‌کوتل‎; Pashto: سور کوتل‎), also called Chashma-i Shir or Sar-i Chashma, is an ancient archaeological site located in the southern part of the region of Bactr...
Buddhamitrā (born ca. 60) was a Buddhist nun from India during the Kushan Empire. She is remembered because of dated inscriptions on images of bodhisattvas and the Buddha that she erected in three cit...
The Yuezhi or Rouzhi (Chinese: 月氏; pinyin: Yuèzhī, Wade–Giles Yüeh-chih) were an ancient Indo-European people originally settled in the arid grasslands of the eastern Tarim Basin area, in what...
Yuezhi - Wikipedia
Rabatak inscription
The Rabatak inscription is an inscription written on a rock in the Bactrian language and the Greek script, which was found in 1993 at the site of Rabatak, near Surkh Kotal in Afghanistan. The inscript...
Khalchayan (also Khaltchaïan) is an archaeological site, thought to be a small palace or a reception hall, located near the modern town of Denov in Surxondaryo Province of southern Uzbekistan. It is ...
Khalchayan - Wikipedia
Vima Takto
Vima Takto or Vima Taktu was a Kushan emperor reigned c. 80–90 CE.
Vima Takto was long known as "The nameless King", since his coins only showed the legend "The King of Kings, Great Saviour", unti...
Vima Takto - Wikipedia
Agesiles (or Arseiles), who reigned around 20BC-1BC, is, with Sapadbizes, one of the first identified kings of the northern Indo-European Yuezhi tribes, that had invaded the Greco-Bactrian kingdom in ...
Huvishka (Kushan: Οοηϸκι, "Ooishki") was the emperor of the Kushan Empire from the death of Kanishka (assumed on the best evidence available to be in 140 CE) until the succession of Vasudeva I about f...
Huvishka - Wikipedia
Dilbarjin (Delbarjin) is the modern name for the remains of an ancient town in modern (northern) Afghanistan. The town was perhaps founded in the time of the Achaemenid Empire. Under the Kushan Empire...
Dilbarjin - Wikipedia
Kipunada was one of the last rulers of the Kushan Empire around 345-375. He is known for his gold coinage. He succeeded Shaka I. He may have been a subject of Samudragupta.
Kanishka casket
The Kanishka casket or "Kanishka reliquary", is a Buddhist reliquary made in gilded copper, and dated to the first year of the reign of the Kushan emperor Kanishka, in 127 CE.
It was discovered i...
Kanishka casket - Wikipedia
Koi Krylgan Kala
Koi Krylgan Kala (Uzbek: Qoʻyqirilgan qalʼa; Russian: Кой-Крылган-Кала) is an archaeological site, located outside the village of Taza-Kel'timinar in the Ellikqal'a District (Uzbek: Ellikqalʼa tumani...
Koi Krylgan Kala - Wikipedia
Shaka I
Shaka I was one of the last rulers of the Kushan Empire around 325-345.
Shaka I - Wikipedia
Vasudeva II
Vasudeva II was a Kushan emperor who ruled c. 275–300 AD. He was probably the successor of Kanishka III and may have been succeeded by a king named Shaka Kushan.
Vasudeva II - Wikipedia
Kanishka stupa
The Kanishka stupa was a monumental stupa established by the Kushan king Kanishka during the 2nd century CE in today's Shah-ji-Dheri on the outskirts of Peshawar, Pakistan.The stupa was described by C...
Kanishka stupa - Wikipedia
Vasudeva I
Vasudeva I (Kushan: ΒΑΖΟΔΗΟ "Bazodeo", Chinese: 波調 "Bodiao") was a Kushan emperor, last of the "Great Kushans." Named inscriptions dating from year 64 to 98 of Kanishka's era suggest his reign extende...
Vashishka was a Kushan emperor around 232-246 AD.
Vashishka - Wikipedia
Heraios (often read as Heraus, Heraos, Miaos) was a clan chief of the Kushans (reign: 1-30 CE), one of the five constituent tribes of the Yuezhi confederacy in Bactria in the early 1st century CE, rou...
Heraios - Wikipedia
Sapadbizes (Σαπαδβιζης), also Sapalbizes, was a ruler of western Bactria, sometimes linked to the Yuezhi. He is known only from his coins (which are very rare). Two clues provide an approximate date f...
Sapadbizes - Wikipedia
Qila Mubarak
Qila Mubarak (Punjabi: ਕ਼ਿਲਾ ਮੁਬਾਰਕ, Hindi: क़िला मुबारक, Urdu: قلعہ مبارک‎), is a historical monument in the heart of the city of Bathinda in India. It has been in existence from 9...
Qila Mubarak - Wikipedia
Kujula Kadphises
Kujula Kadphises, reigned (30–80 CE) (Kushan language: Κοζουλου Καδφιζου, also Κοζολα Καδαφες, Pali: Kujula Kasasa, Ancient Chinese:丘就卻, Qiujiuque) was a Kushan prince who united the Yuezhi confederat...
Kujula Kadphises - Wikipedia
Kanishka (Kanishka the Great), (Sanskrit: कनिष्क, Bactrian language: Κανηϸκι, Middle Chinese: 迦腻色伽 (Ka-ni-sak-ka > New Chinese: Jianisejia)) was the emperor of the Kushan dynasty in 127–151...
Kanishka - Wikipedia
Kanishka III
Kanishka III was a Kushan emperor who reigned for a short period around the year 268 CE. He is believed to have succeeded Vasishka and was succeeded by Vasudeva II.In an inscription dated to the "Year...
Kanishka III - Wikipedia
Vasudeva III
Vasudeva III was the reported son of Vasudeva II and a King. He is reported to have had a son, Vasudeva IV, who ruled over Kandahar.
Vasudeva III - Wikipedia
Vima Kadphises
Vima Kadphises (Kushan language: Οοημο Καδφισης, Early Middle Chinese: 阎膏珍 pron. jiam-kaw-trin) was a Kushan emperor from approximately 90–100 CE. According to the Rabatak inscription, he was the son ...
Vima Kadphises - Wikipedia
Kanishka II
Kanishka II was one of the emperors of the Kushan Empire from around 225–245 CE. He succeeded Vasudeva I who is considered to be the last great Kushan emperor. It is likely he lost part of his empire ...
Kanishka II - Wikipedia