Kyoto Protocol and government action
This article is about the Kyoto Protocol and government action in relation to that treaty.
In total, Annex I Parties managed a cut of 3.3% in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions between 1990 and 2004 (...
Canada and the Kyoto Protocol
Canada was active in the negotiations that led to the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, and the Liberal government that signed the accord in 1997 also ratified it in parliament in 2002. Canada's Kyoto tar...
Energy policy of the European Union
Although the European Union has legislated in the area of energy policy for many years, and evolved out of the European Coal and Steel Community, the concept of introducing a mandatory and comprehensi...
Energy policy of the European Union - Wikipedia
German response to Kyoto Protocol
Germany is Europe's largest and the world's 6th greatest single emitter of CO2. In July 2007, Germany had the largest European population, with 82.4 million people. Germany imports most of its materia...
Energy policy of Russia
The Energy policy of Russia is contained in an Energy Strategy document, which sets out policy for the period up to 2020. In 2000 the Russian government approved the main provisions of the Russian ene...
Energy policy of the United States
The energy policy of the United States is determined by federal, state and local entities in the United States, which address issues of energy production, distribution, and consumption, such as buildi...
Energy policy of the United States - Wikipedia
Energy policy of India
The energy policy of India is largely defined by the country's burgeoning energy deficit and increased focus on developing alternative sources of energy, particularly nuclear, solar and wind energy.Th...
Energy policy of India - Wikipedia
2007 Russia-Belarus energy dispute
The Russia–Belarus energy dispute began when Russian state-owned gas supplier Gazprom demanded an increase in gas prices paid by Belarus, a country which has been closely allied with Moscow and forms ...
2007 Russia-Belarus energy dispute - Wikipedia
Russia in the European energy sector
The Russian Federation supplies a significant volume of fossil fuels and is the largest exporter of oil and natural gas to the European Union. In 2007, the European Union imported from Russia 185...
Russia in the European energy sector - Wikipedia
Food vs. fuel
Food versus fuel is the dilemma regarding the risk of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels production to the detriment of the food supply. The biofuel and food price debate involves wide-ranging v...
Food vs. fuel - Wikipedia
Russia-Ukraine gas disputes
The Russia–Ukraine gas disputes refer to a number of disputes between Ukrainian oil and gas company Naftohaz Ukrayiny and Russian gas supplier Gazprom over natural gas supplies, prices, and debts. The...
Russia-Ukraine gas disputes - Wikipedia
Oil-for-Food Programme
The Oil-for-Food Programme (OIP), established by the United Nations in 1995 (under UN Security Council Resolution 986) was established to allow Iraq to sell oil on the world market in exchange for foo...
Oil-for-Food Programme - Wikipedia
Energy Charter Treaty
The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) is an international agreement which establishes a multilateral framework for cross-border co-operations in the energy industry. The treaty covers all aspects of commerc...
Energy Charter Treaty - Wikipedia
Georgian-Russian relations
The relations between Georgia and Russia date back hundreds of years and remain complicated despite certain religious and historical ties that exist between the two countries and their people. The fir...
Georgian-Russian relations - Wikipedia
Geothermal power in Russia
Russia demonstrated the first single-flash binary cycle power plant at Pauzhetka in 1967 (now it's 15 MW (60 GWh\y)). Two new geothermal plants (one 12 MWe (53 GWh\y) and another 50 MWe (360...
Geothermal power in Russia - Wikipedia
Renewable energy in Russia
Renewable energy in Russia mainly consists of hydroelectric energy. The country is the fifth largest producer of renewable energy in the world, although it is 56th when hydroelectric energy is not tak...
Renewable energy in Russia - Wikipedia
History of the petroleum industry in the United States
The history of the petroleum industry in the United States goes back to the early 19th century, although the indigenous peoples, like many ancient societies, have used petroleum seeps since prehistori...
History of the petroleum industry in the United States - Wikipedia
Shale gas in the United States
Shale gas in the United States is rapidly increasing as an available source of natural gas. Led by new applications of hydraulic fracturing technology and horizontal drilling, development of new sourc...
Shale gas in the United States - Wikipedia
Nuclear power in Russia
In 2012 total electricity generated in nuclear power plants in Russia was 177.3 TWh, 17.78% of all power generation. The installed gross capacity of Russian nuclear reactors stood at 25,242 MW.The Rus...
Nuclear power in Russia - Wikipedia
Electricity sector in Russia
The electricity sector in Russia describes electricity in Russia. In the year 2008 electricity as gross production was produced with gas 48%, coal and peat 19%, hydro electricity 16% and nuclear powe...
Coal power in Russia
Coal power in Russia is one of the largest sources of energy in Russia, accounting for 14.4% of the country's energy consumption. The prominence of coal power in Russia has been declining since 1990, ...
Oil industry of Russia
The petroleum industry in Russia is one of the largest in the world. Russia has the largest reserves, and is the largest exporter, of natural gas. It has the second largest coal reserves, the eighth l...
Oil industry of Russia - Wikipedia
U.S. Energy Independence
U.S. energy independence relates to the goal of reducing the U.S. imports of oil and other foreign sources of energy. If total energy is looked at, the U.S. is over 70% self-sufficient. Energy indepe...
Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty, which extends the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that commits State Parties to reduce greenhouse gases emissions, b...
Kyoto Protocol - Wikipedia
Nuclear power in the United States
Nuclear power in the United States is provided by 100 commercial reactors (65 pressurized water reactors and 35 boiling water reactors) licensed to operate at 62 nuclear power plants, producing a tota...
Nuclear power in the United States - Wikipedia
V2G
Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) describes a system in which plug-in electric vehicles, such as electric cars (BEVs) and plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), communicate with the power grid to sell demand response services ...
Electricity distribution
An electric power distribution system is the final stage in the delivery of electric power; it carries electricity from the transmission system to individual consumers. Distribution substations connec...
Electricity distribution - Wikipedia
Greenhouse gas emissions by the United States
Until 2006, the United States was the largest emitter of carbon dioxide emissions. In 2006, China overtook the US.As of 2012 the Department of Energy projected United States' greenhouse gas (GHG) emis...
Greenhouse gas emissions by the United States - Wikipedia
USDOE
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States Government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear ma...
Efficient energy use
Efficient energy use, sometimes simply called energy efficiency, is the goal to reduce the amount of energy required to provide products and services. For example, insulating a home allows a building ...
Efficient energy use - Wikipedia
Sustainable biofuel
Biofuels, in the form of liquid fuels derived from plant materials, are entering the market, driven by factors such as oil price spikes and the need for increased energy security. However, many of the...
Sustainable biofuel - Wikipedia