LGBT history in Germany
This is a list of events in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) history in Germany.
Persecution of homosexuals in Nazi Germany and the Holocaust
Upon the rise of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers Party (the Nazi Party) in Germany, gay men and, to a lesser extent, lesbians, were two of the numerous groups targeted by the Na...
Persecution of homosexuals in Nazi Germany and the Holocaust - Wikipedia
Scientific-Humanitarian Committee
The Scientific-Humanitarian Committee (Wissenschaftlich-humanitäres Komitee, WhK) was founded in Berlin on the 14th or 15 May 1897, to campaign for social recognition of gay, bisexual and transgender ...
Scientific-Humanitarian Committee - Wikipedia
Kurt von Schleicher
Kurt von Schleicher ( listen ; 7 April 1882 – 30 June 1934) was a German general and the second to last Chancellor of Germany during the era of the Weimar Republic. An important player in th...
Kurt von Schleicher - Wikipedia
Harden–Eulenburg affair
The Harden–Eulenburg affair, often simply Eulenburg affair, was the controversy surrounding a series of courts-martial and five civil trials regarding accusations of homosexual conduct, and accompanyi...
Harden–Eulenburg affair - Wikipedia
Willi Schmid
Wilhelm Eduard Schmid (April 12, 1893 – June 1934), better known as Willi Schmid, was a German music critic, and an accidental victim of the Night of the Long Knives in a case of mistaken identity.Sch...
Willi Schmid - Wikipedia
Edmund Heines
Edmund Heines (21 July 1897, Munich – 30 June 1934, Stadelheim Prison) was a Nazi Party leader and Ernst Röhm's deputy in the Sturmabteilung or SA.
Heines served in World War I as a Kriegsfre...
Edmund Heines - Wikipedia
Ferdinand Karsch
Ferdinand Anton Franz Karsch or Karsch-Haack (2 September 1853 in Münster – 20 December 1936 in Berlin) was a German arachnologist, entomologist and anthropologist.The son of a doctor, Karsch wa...
Kurt von Ruffin
Kurtis von Reidffin (1901, Munich, Germany – 17 November 1996, Berlin, Germany) was a German actor and opera singer who was imprisoned by the Nazis for the crime of homosexuality.
Von Ruffin began...
Heinz Dörmer
Heinz Dörmer (1912–2001) was a German man who was imprisoned by the Nazis for homosexuality under Paragraph 175. He was repeatedly released and rearrested, spending more than ten years in a variety of...
Selli Engler
Selma "Selli" Engler (28 September 1899 – 1982) was a German writer and a leading activist of the lesbian movement in Berlin from about 1924 to 1931.
Engler grew up with eleven siblings in poor ec...
Selli Engler - Wikipedia
Paragraph 175 (film)
Paragraph 175 is a documentary film released in 2000, directed by Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman, and narrated by Rupert Everett. The film was produced by Rob Epstein, Jeffrey Friedman, Janet Cole, ...
Paragraph 175 (film) - Wikipedia
Leo Clasen
Leo Clasen was a Holocaust survivor who was imprisoned in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp because of his homosexuality. He wrote about his experiences in 1954–1955 in the Hamburg magazine Humanit...
Wilhelm Heckmann
Wilhelm Heckmann (born 26 June 1897 in Wellinghofen, Germany; died 10 March 1995 in Wuppertal, Germany) was a German concert and easy listening musician. From 1937 to 1945 he was imprisoned in the Naz...
Wilhelm Heckmann - Wikipedia
Carl-Heinz Rodenberg
Carl-Heinz Rodenberg, sometimes known as Karl-Heinz Rodenberg (19 November 1904 in Heide – 1995) was a German neurologist and psychiatrist. Rodenberg was proficient in the murder of mental patients by...
Karl Lange (Nazi persecutee)
Karl Lange (born October 28, 1915, date of death unknown) was imprisoned by the Nazis for the then crime of homosexuality under the criminal code's Paragraph 175, which defined homosexuality as an unn...
Magnus Hirschfeld
Magnus Hirschfeld (14 May 1868 – 14 May 1935) was a German physician and sexologist. An outspoken advocate for sexual minorities, Hirschfeld founded the Scientific Humanitarian Committee, an organizat...
Magnus Hirschfeld - Wikipedia
Karl Gorath
Karl Gorath (12 December 1912, Bad Zwischenahn, Germany − 18 March 2003, Bremerhaven) was a gay man who was arrested in 1938 and imprisoned for homosexuality at Neuengamme and Auschwitz. He was freed...
Magnus Hirschfeld Medal
The Magnus Hirschfeld Medal is awarded by the German Society for Social-Scientific Sexuality Research (DGSS) for outstanding service to sexual science, granted in the categories "Sexual Research" and ...
Gregor Strasser
Gregor Strasser (also German: Straßer, see ß) (31 May 1892 – 30 June 1934) was a German politician and prominent figure in the Nazi Party. He became a rival to Adolf Hitler, resigned from hi...
Gregor Strasser - Wikipedia
Institut für Sexualwissenschaft
The Institut für Sexualwissenschaft was an early private sexology research institute in Germany from 1919 to 1933. The name is variously translated as Institute of Sex Research, Institute of Sexology,...
Institut für Sexualwissenschaft - Wikipedia
Memorial to Homosexuals Persecuted Under Nazism
The Memorial to Homosexuals persecuted under Nazism (German: Denkmal für die im Nationalsozialismus verfolgten Homosexuellen) in Berlin was opened on 27 May 2008.
The Memorial was designed by ...
Memorial to Homosexuals Persecuted Under Nazism - Wikipedia
Paragraph 175
Paragraph 175 (known formally as §175 StGB; also known as Section 175 in English) was a provision of the German Criminal Code from 15 May 1871 to 10 March 1994. It made homosexual acts between males a...
Paragraph 175 - Wikipedia
Hirschfeld Eddy Foundation
The Hirschfeld-Eddy Foundation (Hirschfeld-Eddy-Stiftung) was founded in Berlin in June 2007. It is a foundation focused on human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people.
Th...
Men Heroes and Gay Nazis
Men, Heroes and Gay Nazis (German: Männer, Helden, schwule Nazis) is a 2005 German documentary film directed, written and produced by Rosa von Praunheim. The film focuses on gay men who align the...
Men Heroes and Gay Nazis - Wikipedia
Sex brennt (exhibition)
Sex brennt (German: Sex burns) was an exhibition on Magnus Hirschfeld’s Institute for Sexual Research and the Burning of the Books held from May 6, 2008 to September 14, 2008 at the Medical History Mu...
Rudolf Brazda
Rudolf Brazda (26 June 1913 – 3 August 2011) was the last known concentration camp survivor deported by Nazi Germany on charges of homosexuality. Brazda spent nearly three years at the Buchenwald conc...
Rudolf Brazda - Wikipedia
John Henry Mackay
John Henry Mackay (6 February 1864 – 16 May 1933) was an individualist anarchist, thinker and writer. Born in Scotland and raised in Germany, Mackay was the author of Die Anarchisten (The Anarch...
John Henry Mackay - Wikipedia