Language contact
Language contact occurs when two or more languages or varieties interact. The study of language contact is called contact linguistics.Multilingualism has likely been common throughout much of human hi...
Language shift
Language shift, sometimes referred to as language transfer or language replacement or assimilation, is the process whereby a speech community of a language shifts to speaking another language. Often, ...
Stratum (linguistics)
In linguistics, a stratum (Latin for "layer") or strate is a language that influences, or is influenced by another through contact. A substratum or substrate is a language which has lower power or pre...
Contact sign
A contact sign language, or contact sign, is a variety or style of language that arises from contact between a deaf sign language and an oral language (or the written or manually coded form of the ora...
Code-switching
In linguistics, code-switching occurs when a speaker alternates between two or more languages, or language varieties, in the context of a single conversation. Multilinguals—speakers of more than one l...
Interlinguistics
Interlinguistics is the study of various aspects of linguistic communication between people who cannot make themselves understood by means of their different first languages. It is concerned with inve...
Macaronic language
Macaronic refers to text using a mixture of languages, particularly bilingual puns or situations in which the languages are otherwise used in the same context (rather than simply discrete segments of ...
Mixed language
A mixed language is a language that arises through the fusion of usually two source languages, normally in situations of thorough bilingualism (Meakins, 2013), so that it is not possible to classify t...
List of loanwords in Malayalam
Loan words in Malayalam, excluding the huge number of words from Sanskrit and Tamil, originated mostly due to the centuries long interactions between the native population of Kerala and the trading (p...
Plains Indian Sign Language
The Plains Indian sign languages (PISL) are various manually coded languages used, or formerly used, by various Native Americans of the Great Plains of the United States of America and Canada. The bes...
Language revival
Language revitalization, also referred to as language revival or reversing language shift, is an attempt to halt or reverse the decline of a language or to revive an extinct one. Those involved can in...
Languages of Singapore
The four Languages of Singapore that are recognised by the Singapore Government are: English, Malay, Mandarin, and Tamil. They were chosen to correspond with the major ethnic groups present in Singapo...
List of lingua francas
This is a list of lingua francas. A lingua franca (English plural lingua francas, although the pseudo-Latin form linguae francae is also seen) is a language systematically used to make communication p...
List of lingua francas - Wikipedia
Brittonicisms in English
Brittonicisms in English are the linguistic effects in English attributed to the historical influence of Brittonic speakers.The Romano-British inhabitants of England after the Anglo-Saxon influx and p...
Kyakhta Russian–Chinese Pidgin
Kyakhta Russian–Chinese Pidgin was a contact language (specifically a pidgin) used by Russian and Chinese traders to communicate during the 18th-early 20th century. The pidgin owes its name to the to...
Pre-Greek substrate
The Pre-Greek substrate consists of the unknown language or languages spoken in prehistoric Greece before the settlement of Proto-Greek speakers in the area. It is thought possible that Greek took ove...
Esperantology
Esperantology, or Esperanto Studies, is a special Esperanto linguistics whose subjects are word construction, word assembly, word introduction and transcription of umbrella terms and proper names. Esp...
Phono-semantic matching
Phono-semantic matching (PSM) is a linguistic term referring to camouflaged borrowing in which a foreign word is matched with a phonetically and semantically similar pre-existent native word/root.It m...
Universal language
Universal language may refer to a hypothetical or historical language spoken and understood by all or most of the world's population. In some contexts, it refers to a means of communication said to b...
Svorsk
Svorsk or Svorska (portmanteau of "svensk(a)", Swedish, and "norsk(a)", Norwegian) is a term describing a mixture of the Swedish and Norwegian languages.The term "svorsk" is used to describe the lang...
Vinish
"Vietlish", Vietglish or Vietnamese English, is an informal term for a mixture of elements from Vietnamese and English.This usage is said to be found in immigrant communities in majority-English-speak...
Béarlachas
Béarlachas ([ˈbʲeːɾˠlˠəxəsˠ]) is Irish for words and phrases used in Irish that are influenced by or stem from the English language. The term comes from Béarla, the Irish word for the English language...