Pax Hispanica
The Pax Hispanica (Latin for "Spanish Peace") refers to a period of twenty-three years coinciding with renewed Spanish ascendancy in Europe (roughly 1598–1621), when Spain achieved European stability ...
Magnum Concilium
In the Kingdom of England, the Magnum Concilium, or Great Council, was an assembly convened at certain times of the year when church leaders and wealthy landowners were invited to discuss the affairs ...
Modus vivendi
Modus vivendi is a Latin phrase signifying an agreement between those whose opinions differ, such that they agree to disagree. Modus means mode, way (or method, manner). Vivendi means of living. Toget...
Duumviri
In ancient Rome, duumviri (Lat duumvir, "one of the two men"; in plural originally duoviri, "the two men") was the official style of two joint magistrates. Such pairs of magistrates were appointed at ...
Quaestor
A quaestor (/ˈkwiːstər/; [ˈkʷajstor]) was a type of public official in the "cursus honorum" system who supervised the financial affairs of the state and conducted audits. In the Roman Republic a quaes...
Consortium imperii
Consortium imperii is a Latin term dating from the Roman Dominate, denoting the sharing of imperial authority between two or more emperors, each hence designated as consors imperii, i.e. "partner in (...
Praetorium
The Latin term praetorium — or prœtorium or pretorium — originally signified a general’s tent within a Roman castra, castellum, or encampment. It derived from the name of one of the chief Roman magist...
Praetorium - Wikipedia
Fiscus Judaicus
The fiscus Iudaicus (Latin for "Jewish tax") or fiscus Judaicus was a tax-collecting agency instituted to collect the tax imposed on Jews in the Roman Empire after the destruction of Jerusalem and its...
Divi filius
Divi filius is a Latin phrase meaning "son of god", and was a title much used by the adopted son of Julius Caesar, his great-nephew Octavian, the future Emperor Augustus.
On 1 January 42 BC, nearl...
Mos maiorum
The mos maiorum ("ancestral custom" or "way of the elders," plural mores, with maiorum a genitive plural; cf. English "mores") is the unwritten code from which the ancient Romans derived their social ...
Mos maiorum - Wikipedia
Pax Mongolica
The Pax Mongolica (less often known as Pax Tatarica) (Latin for "Mongol Peace") is a historiographical term, modeled after the original phrase Pax Romana, which describes the stabilizing effects of th...
Pax Mongolica - Wikipedia
Organization of the Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan

Coined as a parallel to Pax Romana, the Pax Mongolica (Latin for "Peace of the Mongols") was the term for situation where trade between China and Europe in the 13th and 14th centuries was common ...
Organization of the Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan - Wikipedia
Pax Americana
Pax Americana (Latin for "American Peace") is a term applied to the historical concept of relative peace in the Western Hemisphere and later the Western world resulting from the preponderance of power...
Pax Americana - Wikipedia
Pax Britannica
Pax Britannica (Latin for "British Peace", modelled after Pax Romana) was the period of relative peace in Europe and the world (1815–1914) during which the British Empire became the global hegemon (do...
Pax Britannica - Wikipedia
Nec pluribus impar
Nec pluribus impar (literally: "Not unequal to many") is a Latin motto adopted by Louis XIV of France from 1658. It was often inscribed together with the symbol of the "Sun King": a head within rays...
Nec pluribus impar - Wikipedia
Furor Teutonicus
Furor Teutonicus ("Teutonic Fury") is a Latin phrase referring to the proverbial ferocity of the Teutones, or more generally the Germanic tribes of the Roman Empire period.The original expression is g...
Furor Teutonicus - Wikipedia
Pax Syriana
Pax Syriana (Lat., "Syrian Peace") is a historiographical term, modeled after the original phrase Pax Romana, used in the study of international relations in Western Asia, usually pertaining to effort...
Carthago delenda est
"Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam" or "Ceterum autem censeo Carthaginem esse delendam" (English: "Furthermore, (moreover) I consider that Carthage must be destroyed") often abbreviated to "Cet...
Carthago delenda est - Wikipedia
Debellatio
The term Debellatio (also debellation) (Latin "defeating, or the act of conquering or subduing", literally, "warring (the enemy) down", from Latin bellum "war") designates the end of a war caused by...
Bellum omnium contra omnes
Bellum omnium contra omnes, a Latin phrase meaning "the war of all against all", is the description that Thomas Hobbes gives to human existence in the state of nature thought experiment that he conduc...
Nihil Sine Deo
Nihil sine Deo, Latin for "Nothing without God", is used as a motto by the German Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen royal family. This formula was the motto of the Kingdom of Romania, while ruled by the Hohenz...
Nihil Sine Deo - Wikipedia
Curia regis
Curia regis is a Latin term meaning "royal council" or "king's court." It was the name given to councils of advisors and administrators who served early French kings as well as to those serving Norman...
Caput Mundi
Caput Mundi is a Latin phrase taken to mean "capital of the world" (literally: "head of the world"; see capital, capitol). It originates out of a classical European understanding of the known world: E...
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
The Minister-President of the Netherlands (Dutch: Minister-president van Nederland), commonly referred to in English as the Prime Minister, is the head of the executive arm of the Dutch government...
Prime Minister of the Netherlands - Wikipedia
Pax Ottomana
In historiography, the Pax Ottomana (literally "the Ottoman Peace") or Pax Ottomanica is a term referring to the economic and social stability attained in the conquered provinces of the Ottoman Empir...
Imperator
The Latin word imperator was originally a title roughly equivalent to commander under the Roman Republic. Later it became a part of the titulature of the Roman Emperors as part of their cognomen. The...
Dictator perpetuo
Dictator perpetuo (English: "dictator in perpetuity"), also called dictator in perpetuum, was the office held by Julius Caesar from 26 January or 15 February of the year 44 BCE until his death on 15 M...
Chief Justice of the United States
The Chief Justice of the United States is the head of the United States federal court system (the judicial branch of the federal government of the United States) and the chief judge of the Supreme Cou...
Chief Justice of the United States - Wikipedia
French Consulate
The Consulate was the government of France from the fall of the Directory in the coup of Brumaire in 1799 until the start of the Napoleonic Empire in 1804. By extension, the term The Consulate also re...
French Consulate - Wikipedia