Legal fiction
A legal fiction is a fact assumed or created by courts which is then used in order to apply a legal rule which was not necessarily designed to be used in that way. For example, the rules of the United...
Health insurance mandate
A health insurance mandate is either an employer or individual mandate to obtain private health insurance instead of (or in addition to) a national health insurance plan.
Australia's national heal...
Legal terms
The legal year, in English law as well as in other common law jurisdictions, is the calendar during which the judges sit in court. It is traditionally divided into periods called "terms."
In Engl...
Liability
A liability can mean something that is a hindrance or puts an individual or group at a disadvantage, or something that someone is responsible for, or something that increases the chance of something o...
Sovereignty
Sovereignty, in layman's terms, means a state or a governing body has the full right and power to govern itself without any interference from outside sources or bodies. In political theory, sovereignt...
Bad faith
Bad faith (Latin: mala fides) is double mindedness or double heartedness in duplicity, fraud, or deception. It may involve intentional deceit of others, or self-deception.The expression “bad faith” is...
Bad faith - Wikipedia
Warrant of delivery
Warrant of delivery is a method of enforcing court judgments used in the legal systems of the United Kingdom and Canada.If someone has an item or goods belonging to another, who wishes these things to...
Individual mandate
An individual mandate is a requirement by law that certain persons purchase or otherwise obtain a good or service.
In the United States, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act signed in 20...
Document of Identity
The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Document of Identity for Visa Purposes is a biometric travel document issued by the Hong Kong Immigration Department to residents of Hong Kong who are unabl...
Document of Identity - Wikipedia
Monopoly on violence
The monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force, also known as the monopoly on violence (German: Gewaltmonopol des Staates), is the defining conception of the state as first expounded by soci...
Separation of powers
The separation of powers, often imprecisely used interchangeably with the trias politica principle, is a model for the governance of a state (or who controls the state). The model was first developed ...
Separation of powers - Wikipedia
Law of obligations
The law of obligations is one branch of private law under the civil law legal system. It is the body of rules that organizes and regulates the rights and duties arising between individuals. The specif...
Equal justice under law
Equal justice under law is a phrase engraved on the front of the United States Supreme Court building in Washington D.C. It is also a societal ideal that has influenced the American legal system.The ...
Equal justice under law - Wikipedia
Abstraction principle (law)
The abstraction principle or Abstraktionsprinzip is a legal term in German law relating to the law of obligations (Schuldrecht) and property law (Eigentumsrecht). Although no express reference to it i...
Litigation strategy
Litigation strategy is the process by which counsel for one party to a lawsuit intends to integrate their actions with anticipated events and reactions to achieve the overarching goal of the litigatio...
Statutory liability
Statutory Liability is a legal term indicating the liability of a party who may be held responsible for any action or omission due to a related law that is not open to interpretation.Although the term...
Ethics of belief
The ethics of belief are considerations about how people decide what to believe. A key dilemma in this field: Should people (a) evaluate the immediate effects of holding a belief? Or should they (b) '...
Bill of Middlesex
The Bill of Middlesex was a legal fiction used by the Court of King's Bench to gain jurisdiction over cases traditionally in the remit of the Court of Common Pleas. Hinging on the King's Bench's remai...
Bill of Middlesex - Wikipedia
Trauma (medicine)
Injury is damage to a biological organism caused by physical means. Major trauma is injury that can potentially lead to serious outcomes.In 2013 4.8 million people died from injuries up from 4.3 milli...
Trauma (medicine) - Wikipedia
Numerus clausus (law)
The numerus clausus is a concept of property law which limits the number of types of right that the courts will acknowledge as having the character of "property". Several consequences follow from a ri...
Possession is nine-tenths of the law
Possession is nine-tenths of the law is an expression meaning that ownership is easier to maintain if one has possession of something, or difficult to enforce if one does not. The expression is also s...
Sovereign immunity
Sovereign immunity, or crown immunity, is a legal doctrine by which the sovereign or state cannot commit a legal wrong and is immune from civil suit or criminal prosecution. This principle is commonl...
Alternative liability
Alternative liability is a legal doctrine that allows a plaintiff to shift the burden of proving causation of her injury to multiple defendants, even though only one of them could have been responsibl...
Avenimiento
Avenimiento (literally, "agreement" or "compromise") was a legal concept in the Argentine Penal Code, which stated that if a rape victim over the age of 16 agreed to marry her rapist, he could be free...