Legal fiction
A legal fiction is a fact assumed or created by courts which is then used in order to apply a legal rule which was not necessarily designed to be used in that way. For example, the rules of the United...
Simultaneous death
Simultaneous death is a problem of inheritance which occurs when two people, at least one of whom is entitled to part or all of the other's estate on their death (usually a husband and wife) die at th...
Writ of Quominus
The writ of quominus, or writ of quo minus, was a writ and legal fiction which allowed the Court of Exchequer to obtain a jurisdiction over cases normally brought in the Court of Common Pleas. The Exc...
Resignation from the British House of Commons
Members of Parliament sitting in the House of Commons in the United Kingdom are technically not permitted to resign their seats. To circumvent this prohibition, a legal fiction is used. Appointment t...
Corporate personhood
Corporate personhood is an American legal concept that a corporation, as a group of people, may be recognized as having some of the same legal rights and responsibilities as an individual. For example...
Paper street
A paper street is a road or street that appears on maps but does not exist in reality. Paper streets generally occur when city planners or subdivision developers lay out and dedicate streets that are ...
Fictitious defendants
A fictitious defendant is a person that cannot be identified by the plaintiff before a lawsuit is commenced. Commonly this person is identified as "John Doe" or "Jane Doe".As the statute of limitation...
Statutory rape
In some common law jurisdictions, statutory rape is sexual activity in which at least one person is below the age required to legally consent to the behavior. Although it usually refers to adults enga...
Creature of statute
Creatures of statute (also known as creatures of the state) are legal entities, such as corporations, created by statute. Creatures of statute may include municipalities and other artificial legal ent...
Bill of Middlesex
The Bill of Middlesex was a legal fiction used by the Court of King's Bench to gain jurisdiction over cases traditionally in the remit of the Court of Common Pleas. Hinging on the King's Bench's remai...
Bill of Middlesex - Wikipedia
Corporate liability
In criminal law, corporate liability determines the extent to which a corporation as a legal person can be liable for the acts and omissions of the natural persons it employs. It is sometimes regarded...
Calculus of negligence
In the United States, the calculus of negligence, or Hand rule or Hand formula, is a term coined by Judge Learned Hand and describes a process for determining whether a legal duty of care has been bre...
John Q. Public
John Q. Public (and several similar names; see the Variations section below) is a generic name in the United States to denote a hypothetical member of society deemed a "common man." He is presumed to ...
Separate legal entity
In the United States, a separate legal entity or SLE refers to a type of legal entity with detached accountability. A business can be set up as an SLE to legally separate it from the individual or own...
Fine of lands
A fine of lands, also called a final concord, or simply a fine, was a species of property conveyance which existed in England (and later in Wales) from at least the 12th century until its abolition in...
Writ of quominus
The writ of quominus, or writ of quo minus, was a writ and legal fiction which allowed the Court of Exchequer to obtain a jurisdiction over cases normally brought in the Court of Common Pleas. The Exc...
Writ of quominus - Wikipedia
Age of consent reform
Age of consent reform is efforts to change age of consent laws. Proposed reforms typically include raising, lowering, or abolishing the age of consent, applying (or not applying) close-in-age exempti...
Oborový podnik
Oborový podnik (o.p.; translation — "specialized business") is a bygone Czechoslovakian state designation for a business entity. As was always the case, the commercial name of the entity was followed...
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, No. 08-205, 558 U.S. 310 (2010), is a U.S. constitutional law case dealing with the regulation of campaign spending by organizations. The United...
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission - Wikipedia
World Transformation Movement
The World Transformation Movement is a non-profit organisation based in Sydney dedicated to developing and promoting understanding of the human condition. The organisation was founded in 1983 by the A...
Corporate behaviour
Corporate behaviour is the behaviour of a company or group who are acting as a single body.
Not only does corporate behaviour play various roles within different areas of a business however it als...
Manor of Northstead
The Manor of Northstead is a former medieval estate in North Yorkshire, England. The manor house no longer exists and the land has since been redeveloped and forms part of modern-day Scarborough. The ...
The Crown
In English jurisprudence, the Crown is the state in all its aspects. In countries that do not have a monarchy, the concept may be expressed as "the State" or "the People", or some political entity, su...
Negligence per se
Negligence per se is the legal doctrine whereby an act is considered negligent because it violates a statute (or regulation).
In order to prove negligence per se, the plaintiff usually must show t...
Offer and acceptance
Offer and acceptance are elements required for the formation of a legally binding contract: the expression of an offer to contract on certain terms by one person (the "offeror") to another person (the...
Child pornography
Child pornography is pornography that exploits children for sexual stimulation. It may be produced with the direct involvement or sexual assault of a child (also known as child sexual abuse images) or...
Common recovery
A common recovery was a legal proceeding in England that enabled lawyers to convert an entailed estate (a form of land ownership also called a fee tail) into absolute ownership, fee simple. This was ...
Legal personality
To have legal personality means to be capable of having legal rights and obligations within a certain legal system, such as entering into contracts, suing, and being sued. Legal personality is a prere...
Akciová společnost
Akciová společnost is the Czech Republic legal structure for a joint-stock company (an entity owned by share holders) similar to a public limited liability company. It is typically expressed as an ac...
Age of majority
The age of majority is the threshold of adulthood as it is conceptualized (and recognized or declared) in law. It is the chronological moment when minors cease to legally be considered children and as...
Israel Israeli
Israel Israeli (Hebrew: ישראל ישראלי, Yisrael Yisraeli) is a placeholder name used in Israel in much the same manner as John Doe in the United States or Joe Bloggs in the United Kingdom.The term "Plon...