Legalism (Chinese philosophy)
In ancient China, Legalism (Chinese: 法家; pinyin: fă jiā) refers to political philosophy emphasizing rule by law, developing it into a precise, inflexible institution under the aegis of the fi...
Legalism (Chinese philosophy) - Wikipedia
Shang Yang
Shang Yang (Chinese: 商鞅; pinyin: Shāng Yāng; Wade–Giles: Shang Yang, 390–338 BC) was an important statesman of the State of Qin during the Warring States period of Chinese history. Born W...
Shang Yang - Wikipedia
Han Fei
Han Fei (Chinese: 韓非,  Hán Fēi; c. 280–233 BC), also known as Han Feizi, was a Chinese philosopher who, along with Li Si, Gongsun Yang, Shen Dao and Shen Buhai, developed the doctrine ...
Huang-Lao
Huang-Lao or Huanglao (simplified Chinese: 黄老; traditional Chinese: 黃老; pinyin: Huáng-Lǎo; Wade–Giles: Huang-Lao; literally: "Yellow [Emperor] Old [Master]") was the most influenti...
Huang-Lao - Wikipedia
The Book of Lord Shang
The Book of Lord Shang (Chinese: 商君書; pinyin: Shāng jūn shū) was an early Legalist work generally attributed to the eponymous Lord Shang.
It is a foundational work of the Legalist traditio...
Li Si
Li Si (ca. 280 BC – September or October 208 BC) was a Chinese politician of the Qin dynasty. He served as the Chancellor (or Prime Minister) of the Qin dynasty from 246–208 BC. Apart from being ...
Guan Zhong
Guǎn Zhòng (Chinese: 管仲; Wade–Giles: Kuan Chung) (c. 720-645 BC) was a Legalist chancellor and reformer of the State of Qi during the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history. His given nam...
Fa (concept)
Fa (Chinese: 法;[fà]) is a concept in Chinese philosophy that covers ethics, logic, and law. It can be translated as "law" in some contexts, but more often as "model" or "standard."
The concept...
Shen Buhai
Shen Buhai (Chinese: 申不害; pinyin: Shēn Bùhài; Wade–Giles: Shen Puhai, died 337 BC) was a Chinese bureaucrat who was the Chancellor of Han under Marquis Zhao of Han from 351 BC to 337 BC. S...
Li Kui (legalist)
Li Kui (Chinese: 李悝; pinyin: Lǐ Kuī; Wade–Giles: Li K'uei,455 BCE-395 BCE) was an ancient Chinese government minister and court advisor to Marquis Wen of Wei (魏文侯, r. 403 BC-387 BC) in the...
Li Kui (legalist) - Wikipedia
Canon of Laws
The Canon of Laws or Classic of Law (Chinese: 法经; pinyin: Fǎ Jīng) is a lost legal code that has been attributed to Lǐ Kuǐ (Chinese: 李悝), a Legalist scholar and minister who lived in the S...
Shen Dao
Shen Dao (Chinese: 慎到; pinyin: Shèn Dào; Wade–Giles: Shen Tao, ca. 395–315 BCE) was an itinerant Chinese philosopher from Zhao, who was a scholar at the Jixia Academy in Qi. He is usually ...
Li (李)
Li (Chinese: 李; pinyin: Lǐ) is the second most common surname in China, behind only Wang. It is also one of the most common surnames in the world, shared by 93 million people in China, and mor...
Chinese honorifics
Chinese honorifics are words and phrases that indicate social respect or deference in the spoken or written language. Especially before the twentieth century, the language used among friends would be ...
Han (surname)
Han (simplified Chinese: 韩; traditional Chinese: 韓; pinyin: Hán; Korean: 한) is a common Chinese and Korean surname. The spelling "Han" is based on China's pinyin system and so used thr...
Li (surname)
Li is the pinyin and Wade–Giles romanization (spelled Lí, Lǐ, or Lì when pinyin tone diacritics are used) of several distinct Chinese surnames that are written with different characters in Chinese. Li...
Li (surname) - Wikipedia
Wu Qi
Wu Qi (simplified Chinese: 吴起; traditional Chinese: 吳起; pinyin: Wú Qǐ; Wade–Giles: Wu Ch'i, 440-381 BC) was a Chinese military leader, Legalist philosopher, and politician in the Warri...
Wu Qi - Wikipedia
King Huanhui of Han
King Huanhui of Han (Chinese: 韩桓惠王; pinyin: Hán Huánhuì Wáng) (died 239 BC), ancestral name Jì (姬), clan name Hán (韩), personal name unknown, was the ruler of the State of Han between 272 BC and until...