Life in Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution is the period encompassing the vast social and economic changes that resulted from the development of steam-powered machinery and mass-production methods. It began in about 1...
Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods...
Industrial Revolution - Wikipedia
Transport during the British Industrial Revolution
Transportation of goods to factories, and of finished products from them, was limited by high transport costs along roads to their destinations. This was not too severe in the case of light valuable ...
History of the British canal system
The British canal system of water transport played a vital role in the United Kingdom's Industrial Revolution at a time when roads were only just emerging from the medieval mud and long trains of pack...
History of the British canal system - Wikipedia
Steam power during the Industrial Revolution
The steam engine was one of the most important technologies of the Industrial Revolution, although steam did not replace water power in importance in Britain until after the Industrial Revolution. Fr...
Steam power during the Industrial Revolution - Wikipedia
Economic history of Germany
Germany before 1800 was heavily rural, with some urban trade centers. In the 19th century it began a stage of rapid economic growth and modernization, led by heavy industry. By 1900 it had the larges...
Economic history of Germany - Wikipedia
Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution
Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution in Britain was centred in south Lancashire and the towns on both sides of the Pennines. In Germany in the Wupper Valley, Ruhr Region and Upper Sile...
Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution - Wikipedia
Gas lighting
Gas lighting is production of artificial light from combustion of a gaseous fuel, such as hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, propane, butane, acetylene, ethylene, or natural gas.The light is produced...
Gas lighting - Wikipedia
Luddite
The Luddites were 19th-century English textile artisans who protested against newly developed labour-replacing machinery from 1811 to 1817. The stocking frames, spinning frames and power looms introdu...
Economic history of Sweden

During the period 1790-1815 Sweden experienced two parallel economic movements: an agricultural revolution with larger agricultural estates, the crown transferring areas to private farmers, new c...
Second Industrial Revolution
The Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the Technological Revolution, was a phase of the larger Industrial Revolution corresponding to the latter half of the 19th century, sometime between 184...
Second Industrial Revolution - Wikipedia
Trade union
A trade union (British / Australian English / New Zealand English; also trades union), labour union (Canadian English) or labor union (American English) is an organization of workers...
Trade union - Wikipedia
European miracle
The Great Divergence, a term coined by Samuel Huntington (also known as the European miracle, a term coined by Eric Jones in 1981), referring to the process by which the Western world (i.e. Western Eu...
European miracle - Wikipedia
Romanticism
Romanticism (also the Romantic era or the Romantic period) was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and in most areas was at it...
Romanticism - Wikipedia
Socialism
Socialism is a social and economic system characterised by social ownership of the means of production and co-operative management of the economy, as well as a political theory and movement that aims ...
Socialism - Wikipedia
Capitalism
Capitalism is an economic system in which trade, industries, and the means of production are largely or entirely privately owned and operated for profit. Central characteristics of capitalism include ...
Capitalism - Wikipedia
History of Lowell, Massachusetts
The History of Lowell is closely tied to its location along the Pawtucket Falls of the Merrimack River, from being an important fishing ground for the Pennacook tribe to providing water power for the ...
History of Lowell, Massachusetts - Wikipedia
History of rail transport in Great Britain
The railway system of Great Britain, the principal territory of the United Kingdom, is the oldest in the world. The system was originally built as a patchwork of local rail links operated by small pri...
History of rail transport in Great Britain - Wikipedia
Machine tools
A machine tool is a machine for shaping or machining metal or other rigid materials, usually by cutting, boring, grinding, shearing, or other forms of deformation. Machine tools employ some sort of t...
Technological and industrial history of the United States
The technological and industrial history of the United States describes the United States' emergence as one of the most technologically advanced nations in the world. The availability of land and lite...
Technological and industrial history of the United States - Wikipedia
Economic history of Japan
The economic history of Japan is most studied for the spectacular social and economic growth in the 1800s after the Meiji Restoration, when it became the first non-European power, and for the expansio...
Economic history of Japan - Wikipedia
Protestant work ethic
The Protestant work ethic (or the Puritan work ethic) is a concept in theology, sociology, economics and history which emphasizes hard work, frugality and diligence as a constant display of a person's...
Protestant work ethic - Wikipedia
Meiji Restoration
The Meiji Restoration (明治維新, Meiji Ishin), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 18...
Meiji Restoration - Wikipedia