Logical positivism
Logical positivism and logical empiricism, which together formed neopositivism, was a movement in Western philosophy that embraced verificationism, an approach that sought to legitimize philosophical ...
Friedrich Waismann
Friedrich Waismann (21 March 1896 – 4 November 1959) was an Austrian mathematician, physicist, and philosopher. He is best known for being a member of the Vienna Circle and one of the key theorists i...
Friedrich Waismann - Wikipedia
Institute Vienna Circle
The Institute Vienna Circle (IVC) is an international nonprofit society founded in October 1991 by Friedrich Stadler and is located at the University of Vienna.
The society has two main objectives...
A. J. Ayer
Sir Alfred Jules "Freddie" Ayer (/ɛər/; 29 October 1910 – 27 June 1989) was a British philosopher known for his promotion of logical positivism, particularly in his books Language, Truth, and Logic (1...
Private language argument
The private language argument is a philosophical argument introduced by Ludwig Wittgenstein in his later work, especially in the Philosophical Investigations. The argument was central to philosophical...
Victor Kraft
Not to be confused with the photographer Victor Kraft.Victor Kraft (July 4, 1880, Vienna – January 3, 1975, Vienna) was an Austrian philosopher, best known for being a member of the Vienna Circle.
Carl Gustav Hempel
Carl Gustav "Peter" Hempel (January 8, 1905 – November 9, 1997) was a German writer and philosopher. He was a major figure in logical empiricism, a 20th-century movement in the philosophy of scie...
Anti-realism
In analytic philosophy, the term anti-realism describes any position involving either the denial of an objective reality or the denial that verification-transcendent statements are either true or fals...
Neurath
Neurath is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Moritz Schlick
Friedrich Albert Moritz Schlick ([ʃlɪk]; April 14, 1882 – June 22, 1936) was a German philosopher, physicist and the founding father of logical positivism and the Vienna Circle.
Schlick was born i...
Moritz Schlick - Wikipedia
Olga Taussky-Todd
Olga Taussky-Todd (August 30, 1906, Olomouc, Moravia – October 7, 1995, Pasadena, California) was an Austrian and later Czech-American mathematician.Olga Taussky was born into a Jewish family; her fat...
Olga Taussky-Todd - Wikipedia
Language, Truth, and Logic
Language, Truth, and Logic is a work of philosophy by Alfred Jules Ayer, published in 1936 when Ayer was 26 (though it was completed when Ayer was 25). It was crucial in bringing some of the ideas of ...
Empiricism
Empiricism is a theory which states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience. One of several views of epistemology, the study of human knowledge, along with rationalism and ske...
Empiricism - Wikipedia
Eino Kaila
Eino Sakari Kaila (August 9, 1890 – July 31, 1958) was a Finnish philosopher, critic and teacher. He worked in numerous fields including psychology (sometimes considered to be the founder of Finnish p...
Eino Kaila - Wikipedia
Structural semantics
Logical positivism asserts that structural semantics is the study of relationships between the meanings of terms within a sentence, and how meaning can be composed from smaller elements. However, some...
Karl Menger
Karl Menger (January 13, 1902 – October 5, 1985) was an Austrian-American mathematician. He was the son of the famous economist Carl Menger. He is credited with Menger's theorem. He worked on mathema...
Karl Menger - Wikipedia
Positivism
Positivism is the philosophy of science that information derived from logical and mathematical treatments and reports of sensory experience is the exclusive source of all authoritative knowledge, and ...
Positivism - Wikipedia
Emotivism
Emotivism is a meta-ethical view that claims that ethical sentences do not express propositions but emotional attitudes. Hence, it is colloquially known as the hurrah/boo theory. Influenced by the gro...
Edgar Zilsel
Edgar Zilsel (August 11, 1891 in Vienna – March 11, 1944 in Oakland, California, United States) was an Austrian historian and philosopher of science. He is considered to be among the modern "pioneers ...
Naïve empiricism
Naïve empiricism is a term used in several ways in different fields.In the philosophy of science, it is used by opponents to describe the position, associated with some logical positivists, that "know...
Berlin Circle
The Berlin Circle (German: die Berliner Gruppe) was a group that maintained logical empiricist views about philosophy.It was created in the late 1920s by Hans Reichenbach, Kurt Grelling and Walter...
Falsifiability
Falsifiability or refutability of a statement, hypothesis, or theory is an inherent possibility to prove it to be false. A statement is called falsifiable if it is possible to conceive an observation...
Otto Neurath
Otto Neurath ([ˈnɔʏʀaːt]; December 10, 1882 – December 22, 1945) was an Austrian philosopher of science, sociologist, and political economist. Before he fled his native country in 1934, Neurath was on...
Coordinative definition
A coordinative definition is a postulate which assigns a partial meaning to the theoretical terms of a scientific theory by correlating the mathematical objects of the pure or formal/syntactical aspe...
Rudolf Carnap
Rudolf Carnap (/ˈkɑrnæp/; [ˈkaɐ̯naːp]; May 18, 1891 – September 14, 1970) was a German-born philosopher who was active in Europe before 1935 and in the United States thereafter. He was a major member ...
Rudolf Carnap - Wikipedia
Olga Hahn-Neurath
Olga Hahn-Neurath ([haːn ˈnɔʏʀaːt]; Hebrew: אולגה האן-נוירת‎; July 20, 1882 – July 20, 1937) was an Austrian mathematician and philosopher. She is best known for being a member of the Vienna...
Received view of theories
The received view of theories is a position in the philosophy of science that identifies a scientific theory with a set of propositions which are considered to be linguistic objects, such as axioms. ...
Richard von Mises
Richard Edler von Mises ([fɔn ˈmiːzəs]; 19 April 1883 – 14 July 1953) was a scientist and mathematician who worked on solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, aerodynamics, aeronautics, statistics and probab...
Richard von Mises - Wikipedia
Verificationism
Verificationism was a movement in Western philosophy—in particular, analytic philosophy—that emerged in the 1920s by the efforts of a group of philosophers known as the logical positivists, who aimed ...