Lower Paleolithic
The Lower Paleolithic (or Lower Palaeolithic) is the earliest subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age. It spans the time from around 2.5 million years ago when the first evidence of craft and ...
Lower Paleolithic - Wikipedia
World's First Murder Victim? Skull Is Evidence Of 430,000-Year-Old Crime
"Anthropologists are always asking what makes us human, and are humans inherently violent," said Danielle Kurin, a forensic anthropologist at UC Santa Barbara. "This study contributes to that debate b...
Oldest Art Was Carved Onto Shell 540,000 Years Ago
Some 540,000 years ago, an ancient ancestor of modern humans took a shark tooth and carefully carved a geometric engraving on a mollusk shell. The engraving -- the oldest piece of art ever found by at...
Gelasian
The Gelasian is an age in the international geologic timescale or a stage in chronostratigraphy, being the earliest or lowest subdivision of the Quaternary period/system and Pleistocene epoch/series. ...
Homo habilis
Homo habilis is a species of the Hominini tribe, during the Gelasian and early Calabrian stages of the Pleistocene period, between roughly 2.1 and 1.5 million years ago.
There has been scholarly...
Homo habilis - Wikipedia
Olduvai Gorge
Olduvai Gorge or Oldupai Gorge in Tanzania is one of the most important paleoanthropological sites in the world and has been instrumental in furthering the understanding of early human evolution. This...
Olduvai Gorge - Wikipedia
Calabrian (stage)
Calabrian is a subdivision of the Pleistocene Epoch of the Geologic time scale. ~1.8 Ma.—781,000 years ago ± 5,000 years, a period of ~1.019 million years.The end of the stage is defined by the last m...
Homo erectus
Homo erectus (meaning "upright man," from the Latin ērigere, "to put up, set upright") is an extinct species of hominin that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene, with the earliest first fossil e...
Homo erectus - Wikipedia
Homo antecessor
Homo antecessor is an extinct human species (or subspecies) dating from 800,000 to 1.2 million years ago, that was discovered by Eudald Carbonell, Juan Luis Arsuaga and J. M. Bermúdez de Castro. H. a...
Homo antecessor - Wikipedia
Middle Pleistocene
The Middle Pleistocene, more specifically referred to as the Ionian stage, is a period of geologic time from ca. 781 to 126 thousand years ago.The base of the Ionian Stage succeeds the Calabrian Stage...
Homo heidelbergensis
Homo heidelbergensis — sometimes called Homo rhodesiensis — is an extinct species of the genus Homo which lived in Africa, Europe and western Asia during about 0.6 to 0.3 million years ago. First disc...
Homo heidelbergensis - Wikipedia
Homo neanderthalensis
The Neanderthals or Neandertals /niˈændərˌtɑːlz/, us also /neɪ/-, -/ˈɑːndər/-, -/ˌtɔːlz/, -/ˌθɔːlz/) (from German: Neandertaler [neˈandɐˌtaːlɐ] from Neandertal ("Neander Valley") in Germany, where rem...
Homo neanderthalensis - Wikipedia
Archaic Homo sapiens
A number of varieties of Homo are grouped into the broad category of archaic humans, contrasted with modern humans (Homo sapiens), in the period beginning 500,000 years ago. This category typically i...
Archaic Homo sapiens - Wikipedia
Homo rhodesiensis
Homo rhodesiensis is an extinct hominin species of the genus Homo, described from the fossil Kabwe skull. Other morphologically-comparable remains have been found from the same, or earlier, time perio...
Homo rhodesiensis - Wikipedia
Anatomically modern humans
The term anatomically modern humans (AMH) or anatomically modern Homo sapiens (AMHS) refers in paleoanthropology to individual members of the species Homo sapiens with an appearance consistent with th...
Anatomically modern humans - Wikipedia
Acheulean
Acheulean (/əˈʃuːliən/; also Acheulian), from the French acheuléen, is an archaeological industry of stone tool manufacture characterized by distinctive oval and pear-shaped "hand-axes" associated wit...
Acheulean - Wikipedia
Multiregional evolution
The Multiregional hypothesis, Multiregional evolution (MRE) or Polycentric theory is a scientific model that provides an alternative explanation to the more widely accepted, "Out of Africa" model for ...
Multiregional evolution - Wikipedia
World's First Murder Victim? Skull Is Evidence Of 430,000-Year-Old Crime
"Anthropologists are always asking what makes us human, and are humans inherently violent," said Danielle Kurin, a forensic anthropologist at UC Santa Barbara. "This study contributes to that debate b...
Oldest Art Was Carved Onto Shell 540,000 Years Ago
Some 540,000 years ago, an ancient ancestor of modern humans took a shark tooth and carefully carved a geometric engraving on a mollusk shell. The engraving -- the oldest piece of art ever found by at...
Oldowan
The Oldowan, sometimes spelled Olduwan, is the archaeological term used to refer to the earliest stone tool archaeological industry in prehistory. Oldowan tools were used during the Lower Paleolithic...
Oldowan - Wikipedia
Venus of Tan-Tan
The Venus of Tan-Tan is an alleged artifact found in Morocco. It and its contemporary, the Venus of Berekhat Ram, have been claimed as the earliest representations of the human form. Critics, notably ...
Venus of Tan-Tan - Wikipedia
Schöningen Spears
The Schöningen spears are 8 wooden throwing spears from the Palaeolithic Age, that were found under the management of Dr. Hartmut Thieme from the Lower Saxony State Service for Cultural Heritage (NLD)...
Homo cepranensis
Homo cepranensis is a proposed name for a human species known from only one skull cap discovered in 1994. The fossil was discovered by archeologist Italo Biddittu and was nicknamed "Ceprano Man" after...
Homo cepranensis - Wikipedia
Venus of Berekhat Ram
The Venus of Berekhat Ram is a pebble found at Berekhat Ram on the Golan Heights in the summer of 1981 by archaeologist N. Goren-Inbar of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. An article by Goren-Inbar ...
Venus of Berekhat Ram - Wikipedia
Java Man
Java Man (Homo erectus erectus) is the popular name given to early human fossils discovered on the island of Java (Indonesia) in 1891 and 1892. Led by Eugène Dubois, the excavation team uncovered a to...
Java Man - Wikipedia
Daka skull
The Daka Calvaria (a skull cap with the cranial base), specimen number BOU-VP-2/66, is a Homo erectus specimen from the Daka Member of the Bouri Formation in the Middle Awash Study Area of the Awash v...
Daka skull - Wikipedia
Dmanisi skull
The Dmanisi skull, also known as Skull 5 or D4500, is one of five Homo erectus skulls discovered in Dmanisi, Georgia. Described in a publication in October 2013, it is believed to be about 1.8 million...
Dmanisi skull - Wikipedia
List of Neanderthal sites
This is a list of archeological sites where remains or tools of Neanderthals were found.
List of Neanderthal sites - Wikipedia
Neanderthals in popular culture
Neanderthals have been portrayed in popular culture since the early 20th century. Early depictions were based on notions of the proverbially primitive Caveman; since the later 20th century, some depi...
Neanderthals in popular culture - Wikipedia
Yuanmou Man
Yuanmou Man (simplified Chinese: 元谋人; traditional Chinese: 元謀人; pinyin: Yuánmóu Rén), Homo erectus yuanmouensis, refers to a member of the Homo genus whose remnants, two incisors, were dis...