Mali Empire
The Mali Empire (Manding: Nyeni; English: Niani), also historically referred to as the Manden Kurufaba, was a Mandinka/Bambara empire in West Africa from c. 1230 to c. 1600. The empire was foun...
Mali Empire - Wikipedia
Ghana Empire
The Ghana Empire (c. 300 until c. 1235) was located in what is now southeastern Mauritania and western Mali. Complex societies had existed in the region since about 1500 BC, an...
Ghana Empire - Wikipedia
Pre-Imperial Mali

There are a few sketchy references to pre-Imperial Mali in written sources. The oldest reference comes from al-Bakri's account of the Western Sudan written in 1068. In this section, he names tw...
Battle of Kirina
The Battle of Kirina, also known as the Battle of Krina (c. 1235), was a confrontation between the Sosso king Sumanguru Kanté and the Mandinka prince Sundiata Keita. Sundiata Keita's forces roundly d...
Keita Dynasty
The Keita Dynasty ruled pre-Imperial and Imperial Mali from the 12th century into the early 17th century. It was a Muslim Dynasty, and its rulers claimed descent from Bilal Keita (later named Bilal ib...
Niani, Mali Empire
The Mali Empire (Manding: Nyeni; English: Niani), also historically referred to as the Manden Kurufaba, was a Mandinka/Bambara empire in West Africa from c. 1230 to c. 1600. The empire was foun...
Niani, Mali Empire - Wikipedia
Gbara
The Gbara (pronounced [ɡ͡baɽa]) or Great Assembly in Old Malinke (now spelled and pronounced as Bara or Gara in those Manding languages without /gb/) was the deliberative body of the Mali Empire, whic...
Kouroukan Fouga
According to the Epic of Sundiata, Kouroukan Fouga or Kurukan Fuga was the constitution of the Mali Empire created after the Battle of Krina (1235) by an assembly of nobles to create a government for...
Military history of the Mali Empire
The military history of the Mali Empire is that of the armed forces of the Mali Empire, which dominated Western Africa from the mid 13th to the late 15th century. The military culture of the empire’s...
Military history of the Mali Empire - Wikipedia
Sidi Yahya Mosque
Sidi Yahya is a mosque and madrassa of Timbuktu in the West African country of Mali which finished construction in 1440. Sidi Yahya along with Djinguereber and Sankore compose the "University" of Timb...
Sidi Yahya Mosque - Wikipedia
Sankore Madrasah
3°0′20″W / 16.77583°N 3.00556°W / 16.77583; -3.00556 Sankoré Madrasah, The University of Sankoré, or Sankore Masjid is one of three ancient centers of learning located in Tim...
Sankore Madrasah - Wikipedia
Sidi Mahmoud Ben Amar
Sidi Mahmoud Ben Amar (also known as Sidi Amar, Cadi Sidi Mahmoud, or Sidi Mahmoud) is a revered Muslim scholar who is one of the 333 Sufi saints said to be buried in Timbuktu. The tomb of Sidi Mahmou...
Djinguereber Mosque
The Djinguereber Mosque (Masjid) in Timbuktu, Mali is a famous learning center of Mali built in 1327, and cited as Djingareyber or Djingarey Ber in various languages. Its design is accredited to Abu ...
Djinguereber Mosque - Wikipedia
Musa I of Mali
Musa Keita I (c. 1280 – c. 1337) was the tenth Mansa, which translates as "King of Kings" or "Emperor", of the wealthy Mali Empire. At the time of Musa's rise to the throne, the Malian Empire consist...
Khalifa (mansa)
Mansa Khalifa was the fourth mansa of the Mali Empire. He ruled the empire for only a year from 1274 to his assassination in 1275.Mansa Khalifa or Khalifah was an adopted son of the founder of the Mal...
Takedda
Takedda was the name of both a town and a former kingdom in current-day Niger's Western Sahara. The town of Takedda was founded by the Sanhaja, a Berber tribal confederation of the Maghreb. In 1285, a...
Takedda - Wikipedia
Gao (mansa)
Gao was Mansa of the Mali Empire from 1300 to 1305.Mansa Gao was one of two sons of Kolonkan. Kolonkan was a sister of the legendary founder Sundiata Keita. The mansa assumed the throne following the...
Musa III of Mali
Mansa Musa III, also known as Foamed Musa or Sérébandjougou was the 13th mansa (emperor) of the Mali Empire. Little is known about him or his reign other than it started around the middle of the 15th...
Sassouma Bereté
Sassouma Bereté (or Berete) was the first wife of the 13th century King of Mali - Naré Maghann Konaté (the father of Sundiata Keita). Everything that is known about Sassouma came from the Epic of Sund...
Abu Bakr (mansa)
Abu Bakr, also known as Abubakari I or Manding Bory, was the fifth Mansa (Emperor) of the Mali Empire, reigning from 1275 to 1285.He was born Manding Bory to mother Namandjé, third wife to Naré Maghan...
Uli II (mansa)
Mansa Uli II (French: "Ouli II"), also known as Gbèré, was the twentieth mansa ("king of kings") of the Mali Empire. He ruled over the realm during the latter half of the 15th century.According to th...
Kaabu
The Kaabu Empire (1537–1867), also written Gabu, Ngabou, and N’Gabu', was a Mandinka kingdom of Senegambia centered within modern northeastern Guinea-Bissau but extending into Casamance in Seneg...
Mohammed ibn Gao (mansa)
Mansa Mohammed ibn Gao was mansa of the Mali Empire from 1305 to 1310.Mansa Mohammed ibn Gao, as his name suggests, was the son of his predecessor, Mansa Gao. He inherited the throne following his fat...
Battle of Jenné
The Battle of Jenné was a military engagement between forces of the Mali Empire and the Moroccan Pashalik of Timbuktu. The battle marked the effective end of the great Mali Empire and set the stage fo...
Battle of Jenné - Wikipedia
Gao
Gao /ɡaʊ/ is a city in Mali and the capital of the Gao Region. The city is located on the River Niger, 320 km (200 mi) east-southeast of Timbuktu on the left bank at the junction with the Ti...
Gao - Wikipedia
Twelve Doors of Mali
The Twelve Doors of Mali were the possessions of the Mansa (emperor) of the medieval Mali Empire which was established in c.. 1235 following The Battle of Kirina. These lands were either allied to or...