Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
The Mamluk Sultanate (Turkish: Memlük Sultanlığı, Arabic: سلطنة المماليك‎ Sulṭanat al-Mamālīk) was a medieval realm spanning Egypt, the Levant, and Hejaz. It lasted from the overthrow of...
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) - Wikipedia
Ayyubid dynasty
The Ayyubid dynasty (Kurdish: دووگەلی ئەییووبی Dûgela Eyûbîyan; Arabic: الأيوبيون‎ al-Ayyūbīyūn; Turkish: Eyyûbîler) was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin, founded by Salad...
Ayyubid dynasty - Wikipedia
Bahri dynasty
The Bahri dynasty or Bahriyya Mamluks (Turkish: Bahri Hanedanı, al-Mamalik al-Bahariyya - المماليك البحرية) was a Mamluk dynasty of mostly Cuman-Kipchak Turkic origin that ruled the Egyptian Mamluk Su...
Bahri dynasty - Wikipedia
Mongol invasions of Syria
Starting in the 1240s, the Mongols made repeated invasions of Syria or attempts thereof. Most failed, but they did have some success in 1260 and 1300, capturing Aleppo and Damascus and destroying the ...
Mongol invasions of Syria - Wikipedia
Burji dynasty
The Burji dynasty (Arabic: المماليك البرجية‎) was a Circassian Mamluk dynasty which ruled Egypt from 1382 until 1517, during the Mamluk Sultanate. It proved especially turbulent, with short-...
Burji dynasty - Wikipedia
Ottoman-Mamluk War (1516-1517)
The Ottoman–Mamluk War of 1516–1517 was the second major conflict between the Egypt-based Mamluk Sultanate and the Ottoman Empire, which led to the fall of the Mamluk Sultanate and the incorporation o...
Ottoman-Mamluk War (1516-1517) - Wikipedia
History of Ottoman Egypt
Egypt was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1517, following the Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–1517) and the absorption of Syria into the Empire in 1516. Egypt was administered as an eyalet of ...
History of Ottoman Egypt - Wikipedia
Mamluk architecture
Mamluk architecture was a flowering of Islamic art during the reign of the Mamluks (1250–1517 AD) which is most visible in medieval Cairo. Religious zeal made them generous patrons of architecture and...
Mamluk architecture - Wikipedia
Janbirdi al-Ghazali
Janbirdi al-Ghazali (Arabic: جنبريدي الغزالي‎; Jān-Birdi al-Ghazāli; died 1521) was the first governor of Damascus Province under the Ottoman Empire from February 1518 until his death in Feb...
Al-Mustamsik
Al-Mustamsik (Arabic: المستمسك بالله‎) was an Abbasid caliph based in Cairo, Egypt under the tutelage of the Mamluk sultans. He served as caliph twice (1497–1508; 1516–1517).
Battle of Diu (1509)
The Battle of Diu sometimes referred as the Second Battle of Chaul was a naval battle fought on 3 February 1509 in the Arabian Sea, near the port of Diu, India, between the Portuguese Empire and a ...
Battle of Diu (1509) - Wikipedia
Aybaki Mosque
Al-Aybaki Mosque (also referred to as the Mosque of Sheikh Abdullah al-Aybaki, Arabic transliteration: Jami ash-Shaykh 'Abdallah al-Aybaki) is a historic mosque situated in the al-Tuffah neighborhood ...
Aybaki Mosque - Wikipedia
Shirkuh
Asad ad-Dīn Shīrkūh bin Shādhī (in Arabic: أسد الدين شيركوه بن شاذي‎), also known as Shirkuh, Shêrkoh, or Shêrko (meaning "lion of the mountains" in Kurdish) (died 22 February 1169) was a Ku...
Tuman bay II
Al-Ashraf Tuman bay better known as Tuman bay II succeeded as Sultan of Egypt during the final period of Mamluk rule in Egypt prior to its conquest by the Ottoman Empire. He ascended the sultanic thro...
Tuman bay II - Wikipedia
Battle of Elbistan
In April 15, 1277, the Mamluk Sultan Baibars marched from Syria into the Mongol-dominated Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm and attacked the Mongol occupation force in the Battle of Elbistan (Abulustayn). Upon ...
Battle of Elbistan - Wikipedia
Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–17)
The Ottoman–Mamluk War of 1516–1517 was the second major conflict between the Egypt-based Mamluk Sultanate and the Ottoman Empire, which led to the fall of the Mamluk Sultanate and the incorporation o...
Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–17) - Wikipedia
Wafidiyya
Wafidiyya' was the term given to Turks and Mongols who exchanged military service to the Mamluk dynasty of Egypt in return for asylum.
After the Mongol invasion, of the mid east, a good number of ...
Saladin in Egypt
While Saladin is most famous for his wars with the Crusader States the beginning of his military career was under his uncle Shirkuh on behalf of Nur al-Din in Egypt. His time in Egypt gave him the mi...
Saladin in Egypt - Wikipedia
Faris ad-Din Aktai
Faris ad-Din Aktai al-Jemdar (Arabic: فارس الدين أقطاى الجمدار ) (d.1254, Cairo)Not to be confused with his namesake and contemporary the commander in chief Faris ad-Din Aktai al-Mostareb (Arabic: فار...
First Battle of Homs
36°42′52″E / 34.723185°N 36.714462°E / 34.723185; 36.714462The first Battle of Homs was fought on December 10, 1260, between the Ilkhanates of Persia and the forces of Egypt, ...
First Battle of Homs - Wikipedia
Gold Market
The Gold Market (Arabic: سوق الذهب‎ Souk ad-Dahab; also known as the Qissariya Market, Arabic: سوق القيسارية‎ Souk al-Qissariya) is a narrow covered passageway located in the old q...
Gold Market - Wikipedia
List of governors of Islamic Egypt
Governors of Arab Egypt (640–1250) and Mamluk Egypt (1250–1517).
List of governors of Islamic Egypt - Wikipedia
Al-Mustanjid (Cairo)
Al-Mustanjid (Arabic: المستنجد بالله‎) was an Abbasid caliph of Cairo, Egypt, for the Mamluk sultans between 1455 and 1479.
Shajar al-Durr
Shajar al-Durr (Arabic: شجر الدر, "Tree of Pearls") (Royal name: al-Malika `Aṣmat ad-Dīn Umm-Khalīl Shajar ad-Durr (Arabic: الملكة عصمة الدين أم خليل شجر الدر) (nicknamed: أم خليل, Umm Khalil; mother...