Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
The Mamluk Sultanate (Turkish: Memlük Sultanlığı, Arabic: سلطنة المماليك‎ Sulṭanat al-Mamālīk) was a medieval realm spanning Egypt, the Levant, and Hejaz. It lasted from the overthrow of...
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) - Wikipedia
Ayyubid dynasty
The Ayyubid dynasty (Kurdish: دووگەلی ئەییووبی Dûgela Eyûbîyan; Arabic: الأيوبيون‎ al-Ayyūbīyūn; Turkish: Eyyûbîler) was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin, founded by Salad...
Ayyubid dynasty - Wikipedia
Bahri dynasty
The Bahri dynasty or Bahriyya Mamluks (Turkish: Bahri Hanedanı, al-Mamalik al-Bahariyya - المماليك البحرية) was a Mamluk dynasty of mostly Cuman-Kipchak Turkic origin that ruled the Egyptian Mamluk Su...
Bahri dynasty - Wikipedia
Mongol invasions of Syria
Starting in the 1240s, the Mongols made repeated invasions of Syria or attempts thereof. Most failed, but they did have some success in 1260 and 1300, capturing Aleppo and Damascus and destroying the ...
Mongol invasions of Syria - Wikipedia
Burji dynasty
The Burji dynasty (Arabic: المماليك البرجية‎) was a Circassian Mamluk dynasty which ruled Egypt from 1382 until 1517, during the Mamluk Sultanate. It proved especially turbulent, with short-...
Burji dynasty - Wikipedia
Ottoman-Mamluk War (1516-1517)
The Ottoman–Mamluk War of 1516–1517 was the second major conflict between the Egypt-based Mamluk Sultanate and the Ottoman Empire, which led to the fall of the Mamluk Sultanate and the incorporation o...
Ottoman-Mamluk War (1516-1517) - Wikipedia
History of Ottoman Egypt
Egypt was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1517, following the Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–1517) and the absorption of Syria into the Empire in 1516. Egypt was administered as an eyalet of ...
History of Ottoman Egypt - Wikipedia
Mamluk architecture
Mamluk architecture was a flowering of Islamic art during the reign of the Mamluks (1250–1517 AD) which is most visible in medieval Cairo. Religious zeal made them generous patrons of architecture and...
Mamluk architecture - Wikipedia
Al-Mustamsik
Al-Mustamsik (Arabic: المستمسك بالله‎) was an Abbasid caliph based in Cairo, Egypt under the tutelage of the Mamluk sultans. He served as caliph twice (1497–1508; 1516–1517).
Battle of Diu (1509)
The Battle of Diu sometimes referred as the Second Battle of Chaul was a naval battle fought on 3 February 1509 in the Arabian Sea, near the port of Diu, India, between the Portuguese Empire and a ...
Battle of Diu (1509) - Wikipedia
Az-Zahir Ghazi
Az-Zahir Ghazi (or al-Malik az-Zahir Ghazi; 1172 – 8 October 1216) was a Kurdish governor and then ruler of Aleppo from 1186 to 1216. He was the third son of Saladin and his lands included norther...
Az-Zahir Ghazi - Wikipedia
Battle of Elbistan
In April 15, 1277, the Mamluk Sultan Baibars marched from Syria into the Mongol-dominated Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm and attacked the Mongol occupation force in the Battle of Elbistan (Abulustayn). Upon ...
Battle of Elbistan - Wikipedia
Al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din
Al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din (Arabic: الأفضل بن صلاح الدين‎, "most superior"; c. 1169 – 1225) popularly known as Al-Afdal (الأفضل) was one of seventeen sons of Saladin. He succeeded his...
Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–17)
The Ottoman–Mamluk War of 1516–1517 was the second major conflict between the Egypt-based Mamluk Sultanate and the Ottoman Empire, which led to the fall of the Mamluk Sultanate and the incorporation o...
Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–17) - Wikipedia
Wafidiyya
Wafidiyya' was the term given to Turks and Mongols who exchanged military service to the Mamluk dynasty of Egypt in return for asylum.
After the Mongol invasion, of the mid east, a good number of ...
First Battle of Homs
36°42′52″E / 34.723185°N 36.714462°E / 34.723185; 36.714462The first Battle of Homs was fought on December 10, 1260, between the Ilkhanates of Persia and the forces of Egypt, ...
First Battle of Homs - Wikipedia
Gold Market
The Gold Market (Arabic: سوق الذهب‎ Souk ad-Dahab; also known as the Qissariya Market, Arabic: سوق القيسارية‎ Souk al-Qissariya) is a narrow covered passageway located in the old q...
Gold Market - Wikipedia
Al-Mustanjid (Cairo)
Al-Mustanjid (Arabic: المستنجد بالله‎) was an Abbasid caliph of Cairo, Egypt, for the Mamluk sultans between 1455 and 1479.
Al-Mustakfi I of Cairo
Al-Mustakfi I (Arabic: المستكفي بالله‎) was an Abbasid Caliph of Cairo, Egypt for the Mamluk Sultans between 1302 and 1340.
Portuguese-Mamluk naval war
The Portuguese–Mamluk naval war was a naval conflict between the Egyptian state of the Mamluks and the Portuguese in the Indian Ocean, following the expansion of the Portuguese after sailing around...
Portuguese-Mamluk naval war - Wikipedia
Al-Musta'in (Cairo)
Al-Musta'in Billah (Arabic: المستعين بالله‎) (c. 1390 – February or March 1430) was the tenth Abbasid "shadow" caliph of Cairo, reigning under the tutelage of the Mamluk sultans from 1406 to...
Al-Adil Kitbugha
Kitbugha (Arabic: كتبغا ) (Royal name: al-Malik al-Adil Zayn-ad-Din Kitbugha Ben Abd-Allah al-Mansuri al-Turki al-Mughli ( Arabic: الملك العادل زين الدين كتبغا بن عبد الله المنصورى التركى المغلى)) ( ...
Al-Adil Kitbugha - Wikipedia
Baibars II
Not to be confused with his more famous namesake, Baibars al-BunduqdariBaibars al-Jashnakir (d.1310) ( Arabic: بيبرس الجاشنكير ) or Baibars II. Royal name: al-Malik al-Muzaffar Rukn al-Din Baibars al-...