Mamluk identity
Mamluk (Arabic: مملوك mamlūk (singular), مماليك mamālīk (plural), meaning "property" or "owned slave" of the king, or 'white slave'; also transliterated as mamlouk, mamluq, mamluke, mameluk, mameluke,...
Mamluk identity - Wikipedia
Dawla al-Turkiyya
The Mamluk Sultanate (Turkish: Memlük Sultanlığı, Arabic: سلطنة المماليك‎ Sulṭanat al-Mamālīk) was a medieval realm spanning Egypt, the Levant, and Hejaz. It lasted from the overthrow of...
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
The Mamluk Sultanate (Turkish: Memlük Sultanlığı, Arabic: سلطنة المماليك‎ Sulṭanat al-Mamālīk) was a medieval realm spanning Egypt, the Levant, and Hejaz. It lasted from the overthrow of...
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) - Wikipedia
History of Ottoman Egypt
Egypt was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1517, following the Ottoman–Mamluk War (1516–1517) and the absorption of Syria into the Empire in 1516. Egypt was administered as an eyalet of ...
History of Ottoman Egypt - Wikipedia
French Campaign in Egypt and Syria
The French Campaign in Egypt and Syria (1798–1801) was Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign in the Orient, ostensibly to protect French trade interests, undermine Britain's access to India, and to establish ...
French Campaign in Egypt and Syria - Wikipedia
Mamluk Sultanate (Delhi)
The Mamluk Dynasty (sometimes referred as Slave Dynasty or Ghulam Dynasty) (Persian: سلطنت مملوک‎, Hindi: ग़ुलाम ख़ानदान) was directed into Northern India by Qutb-ud-din Aybak, a Turkic general ...
Mamluk Sultanate (Delhi) - Wikipedia
Delhi Sultanate
The Delhi Sultanate (Persian: سلطنت دهلی‎) was a Delhi-based Muslim kingdom that stretched over large parts of India for 320 years (1206–1526). Five dynasties ruled over Delhi Sultanate sequenti...
Delhi Sultanate - Wikipedia
Mamluk rule in Iraq
The Mamluk dynasty of Iraq (Arabic: مماليك العراق Mamālīk al-ʻIrāq) was a dynasty which ruled over Iraq in the 18th and early 19th centuries.In the Ottoman Empire, Mamluks were freed slaves who co...
Mongol invasions of Syria
Starting in the 1240s, the Mongols made repeated invasions of Syria or attempts thereof. Most failed, but they did have some success in 1260 and 1300, capturing Aleppo and Damascus and destroying the ...
Mongol invasions of Syria - Wikipedia
Qutuz
Saif ad-Din Qutuz, also spelled Kutuz or Koetoez, (Arabic: سيف الدين قطز‎; epithet: al-Malik al-Muzaffar Saif ad-Din Qutuz (Arabic: الملك المظفر سيف الدين قطز) (Died October 24, 1260) was th...
Order of battle of the Armée d'Orient (1798)
The Armée d'Orient (English: Army of the Orient) was the French military force gathered by the French Directory to send on the expedition to Egypt in 1798. The expedition had the intention of barring...
Order of battle of the Armée d'Orient (1798) - Wikipedia
Ottoman-Mamluk War (1516-1517)
The Ottoman–Mamluk War of 1516–1517 was the second major conflict between the Egypt-based Mamluk Sultanate and the Ottoman Empire, which led to the fall of the Mamluk Sultanate and the incorporation o...
Ottoman-Mamluk War (1516-1517) - Wikipedia
Al-Salih Hajji
Al-Salih Hajji (Epithet: Al-Salih Salah Zein al-Din Hajji II), also Haji II, was a Mamluk ruler, and the last ruler of the Bahri dynasty in 1382. He briefly ruled again in 1389, during the advent of t...
Al-Salih Hajji - Wikipedia
Ottoman-Mamluk War (1485-1491)
An Ottoman-Mamluk war took place between 1485–1491, when the Ottoman Empire invaded the Mamluk Sultanate territories of Anatolia and Syria. This war was an essential event in the Ottoman struggle for ...
Ottoman-Mamluk War (1485-1491) - Wikipedia
Al-Ashraf Sha'ban
Al-Ashraf Sha'ban (Epithet: Al-Ashraf Zein al-Din Abu al-Ma'ali ibn Shaban), also Shaban II, was a Mamluk ruler of the Bahri dynasty from 1363 to 1377. He was a grandson of Al-Nasir Muhammad. He had t...
Al-Ashraf Sha'ban - Wikipedia
Ayyubid dynasty
The Ayyubid dynasty (Kurdish: دووگەلی ئەییووبی Dûgela Eyûbîyan; Arabic: الأيوبيون‎ al-Ayyūbīyūn; Turkish: Eyyûbîler) was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin, founded by Salad...
Ayyubid dynasty - Wikipedia
Lodi dynasty
The Lodi dynasty (Lodhi) (Persian: لودی‎) was an Afghan (Pashtun) dynasty that ruled parts of northern India and Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of modern-day Pakistan, from 1451 to 1526....
Lodi dynasty - Wikipedia
Al-Shamah Mosque
Al-Sham'ah Mosque or Bab ad-Darum Mosque is a historic mosque located in Hayy al-Najjarin (the Carpenters' Neighborhood) of the al-Zaytun Quarter in Gaza's Old City. Its name Sham'ah translates as "Ca...
Battle of Ridaniya
The Battle of Ridaniya (Turkish: Ridaniye Muharebesi; Arabic: معركة الريدانية‎) was fought on January 22, 1517 in Egypt. The Ottoman forces of Selim I defeated the Mamluk forces under Al...
Greek War of Independence
The Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution (Greek: Ελληνική Επανάσταση, Elliniki Epanastasi; Ottoman: يونان عصياني Yunan İsyanı "Greek Uprising"), was a successful war of in...
Greek War of Independence - Wikipedia
Shihab ad-Din Ahmad
Shihab ad-Din Ahmad (Arabic: شهاب الدين أحمد) royal name: al-Malik al-Nasir Shihab ad-Din Ahmad (Arabic: الملك الناصر شهاب الدين أحمد)) (b. Cairo - d. 1344, Karak) was a Mamluk Sultan of Egypt in 1342...
Abu al-'Ila Mosque
Sultan Abu al-'Ila Mosque (Arabic: السلطان أبو العلا ‎) is one of most famous mosques in Islamic Cairo in Egypt. The mosque now based on 23 pure white marble columns .the platform is masterp...
Battle of Diu (1509)
The Battle of Diu sometimes referred as the Second Battle of Chaul was a naval battle fought on 3 February 1509 in the Arabian Sea, near the port of Diu, India, between the Portuguese Empire and a ...
Battle of Diu (1509) - Wikipedia
Al Mansur Qalawun
Saif ad-Dīn Qalawun aṣ-Ṣāliḥī (also Qalāʾūn or Kalavun) (Arabic: قلاوون الصالحي‎) (epithet: al-Malik al-Manṣūr Saif ad-Dīn Qalāʾūn al-Alfi as-Ṣālihī an-Najmī al-ʿAlāʾī (Arabic: الملك المنصور...
Al Mansur Qalawun - Wikipedia
Barsbay
Al-Ashraf Sayf-ad-Din Barsbay was the ninth Burji Mamluk sultan of Egypt from AD 1422 to 1438. He was Circassian by birth and a former slave of the first Burji Sultan, Barquq. He was responsible for a...
Barsbay - Wikipedia
Qaitbay
Al-Ashraf Sayf ad-Din Qa'it Bay (Arabic: قايتباي‎) (c. 1416/1418 – 1496) was the eighteenth Burji Mamluk Sultan of Egypt from 872-901 A.H. (AD 1468-1496). (Other transliterati...
Qaitbay - Wikipedia
Baibars
Baibars or Baybars (Arabic: الملك الظاهر ركن الدين بيبرس البندقداري‎, al-Malik al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Bunduqdari), nicknamed Abu l-Futuh (Literally "The father of conquest"; Arabic:...
Baibars - Wikipedia
Sayyid dynasty
The Sayyid dynasty was the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate from 1414 to 1451. They succeeded the Tughlaq dynasty and ruled that sultanate until they were displaced by the Lodi dynasty.This famil...
Sayyid dynasty - Wikipedia
Ottoman-Saudi War
The Ottoman–Wahhabi War and also known as the Ottoman–Saudi War, was fought from early 1811 to 1818, between Egypt Eyalet under the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha (nominally under Ottoman rule) and the a...
State of Turkey
The Mamluk Sultanate (Turkish: Memlük Sultanlığı, Arabic: سلطنة المماليك‎ Sulṭanat al-Mamālīk) was a medieval realm spanning Egypt, the Levant, and Hejaz. It lasted from the overthrow of...