Medes
The Medes (/miːdz/, Old Persian Māda-, Ancient Greek: Μῆδοι, Hebrew: מָדַי) were an ancient Iranian people who lived in an area known as Media (North-western Iran and south-east Turkey) and who s...
Medes - Wikipedia
Median language
The Median language (also Medean or Medic) was the language of the Medes. It is an Old Iranian language and classified as belonging to the Northwestern Iranian subfamily, which includes many other lan...
Persian Mesopotamia
Athura (Neo-Aramaic for Assyria) was a geographical area within the Persian Achaemenid Empire held by the last nobility of Aššur (Akkadian), known as Athura (Neo-Aramaic) or Atouria (Greek), during th...
Persian Mesopotamia - Wikipedia
Atropatene
Atropatene (Greek: Ἀτροπατηνή; originally known as "Atropatkan" and "Atorpatkan" ) was an ancient kingdom established and ruled under local ethnic Iranian dynasties first with Darius III of Persia...
Atropatene - Wikipedia
Amytis of Media
Amuhia or Amytis of Media (c. 630–565 BC) was the daughter or granddaughter of the king Cyaxares, and the wife of Nebuchadnezzar II.
Amytis was either born to Cyaxares, the third Median...
Hyrba
Hyrba, a Median city, was one of only a few large Median cities known to exist. Probably built before the beginning of Median accession to power, it was likely a royal city of the kings. Even though i...
Astyages
Astyages (spelled by Herodotus as Ἀστυάγης - Astyages; by Ctesias as Astyigas; by Diodorus as Aspadas; Akkadian: Ištumegu) was the last king of the Median Empire, r. 585 BCE-550 BCE, the son of Cyaxa...
Astyages - Wikipedia
Datis
For other uses of the word Dati, see Dati (disambiguation).Datis or Datus (Old Persian: Dâtiça), was a Median admiral who served the Persian Empire, under Darius the Great. He is most notable for his ...
Gobryas
Gobryas (old Persian: Gaubaruva "beef-eater", Elamite: Kambarma) was a common name of several Persian noblemen. The English form Gobryas is derived from the Greek (Greek: Γοβρύας) rendering of thi...
Mandane of Media
Mandana of Media (b. ca. 584 BCE) was a princess of Media and, later, the Queen consort of Cambyses I of Anshan and mother of Cyrus the Great, ruler of the Persia's Achaemenid Empire.
According to...
Aryenis
Aryenis of Lydia was, according to Herodotus, the daughter of King Alyattes of Lydia and the sister of King Croesus of Lydia.
Aryenis was also the Queen consort of Astyages, King of Media and moth...
Hamedan
Hamadān or Hamedān (Persian: همدان‎, Hamadān) (Old Persian: Haŋgmetana, Ecbatana) is the capital city of Hamedan Province of Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 473,149, in 127,812 fami...
Hamedan - Wikipedia
Mazares
Mazares (Ancient Greek: Μαζάρης) was a Median general who defected to Cyrus the Great when the latter overthrew his grandfather, Astyages and formed the Persian Empire.
Mazares is mentioned i...
Adiabene
Adiabene (from the Ancient Greek Ἀδιαβηνή, Adiabene, itself derived from Classical Syriac: ܚܕܝܐܒ, Ḥaḏy’aḇ or Ḥḏay’aḇ, Old Persian: Nodshirakan, Armenian: Նոր Շիրական, Nor Shirakan) was an ancient ...
Persian Revolt
The Persian Revolt, as it is known, was the first time the unified province of ancient Persis, after voluntary submission to the Assyrians and Medes two times earlier, declared its independence, and c...
Persian Revolt - Wikipedia
Tritantaechmes
Tritantaechmes (Elamite: Ṣi-iš-šá-an-tak-ma, Babylonian: Ši-it-ra-an-taḫ-ma) was king of Sagartians who ruled in Arbela (521 BCE).He was killed by Darius of Achaemenids.
Battle of Halys
The Battle of Halys (also known as the Battle of Halys River) took place in 82 B.C. during the Second Mithridatic War. Roman general Lucius Licinius Murena became very overconfident while campaigning ...
Osroene
Osroene, also spelled Osrohene and Osrhoene (Ancient Greek: Ὀσροηνή; Classical Syriac: ܡܠܟܘܬܐ ܕܒܝܬ ܐܘܪܗܝ Malkūṯā d-Bayt ʿŌrhai) and sometimes known by the name of its capital city, Edessa (m...
Osroene - Wikipedia
Medea
In Greek mythology, Medea (/mɪˈdiːə/; Greek: Μήδεια, Mēdeia, Georgian: მედეა, Medea) was the daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis, niece of Circe, granddaughter of the sun god Helios, and later wife...
Medea - Wikipedia
Battle of the Persian Border
The Battle of the Persian Border was the second encounter between the forces of Media and Persia. Though not a decisive victory for Persia, it signaled the diminishing power of Media in Southwest Asia...
Darius the Mede
Darius the Mede is a figure in the Book of Daniel, chapters 6–11, who rules over "the kingdom of the Chaldeans" after the last king of the Babylonian Empire (Belshazzar) is deposed by the Medo-Persian...
Darius the Mede - Wikipedia
Battle of Hyrba
The Battle of Hyrba was the first battle between the Persians and Medians. It was also the first battle after the Persians had revolted. These actions were led (for the most part) by Cyrus the Great, ...
Madai
Madai (Hebrew: מָדַי, [maˈda.i]; Greek: Μηδος, [mɛːˈdos]) is a son of Japheth and one of the 16 grandsons of Noah in the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible. Biblical scholars have generally identifie...
Madai - Wikipedia
Ecbatana
Ecbatana (/ɛkˈbætənə/; Old Persian: 𐏃𐎥𐎶𐎫𐎠𐎴 Haŋgmatāna, literally "the place of gathering", Ancient Greek: Ἀγβάτανα Agbatana in Aeschylus and Herodotus, elsewhere Ἐκβάτανα Ekbatana, Agámtanu...
Ecbatana - Wikipedia
Deioces
Deioces, Diako, Deyaco, Diyako or Deiokes (Greek Δηιόκης) was the first king of the Medes according to Herodotus. In the late 8th century BC there was a Daiukku or Dayukku who was a Mannaean provinci...
Cyaxares
Cyaxares or Hvakhshathra (Old Persian: 𐎢𐎺𐎧𐏁𐎫𐎼 Uvaxštra, Greek: Κυαξάρης; r. 625–585 BC), the son of King Phraortes, was the third and most capable king of Media. According to Herodotus, Cyax...
Cyaxares - Wikipedia
List of kings of Persia
The following is a list of kings and queens of Main Dynasties of ancient Persia, which includes all of the empires ruling over geographical Iran and territories lost and their rulers.For more comprehe...
List of kings of Persia - Wikipedia