Western Armenia
  Significant Armenian presenceWestern Armenia (Western Armenian: Արեւմտեան Հայաստան, Arevmdian Hayasdan) is a term used to refer to eastern parts of Turkey (formerly the Ottoman Empire) tha...
Western Armenia - Wikipedia
Battle of Bapheus
The Battle of Bapheus occurred on 27 July 1302, between an Ottoman army under Osman I and a Byzantine army under George Mouzalon. The battle ended in a crucial Ottoman victory, cementing the Ottoman s...
Eusebius of Dorylaeum
Eusebius of Dorylaeum was a 5th-century bishop who spoke out against heretical teachings, especially those of Nestorius and Eutyches, during the period of Christological controversy. He was bishop of...
Theodosiopolis (Armenia)
Erzurum (Armenian: Կարին Karin), is a city in eastern Turkey. It is the largest city in and the eponymous capital of Erzurum Province. The city is situated 1757 meters (5766 feet) above ...
Theodosiopolis (Armenia) - Wikipedia
Cappadocia (theme)
The Theme of Cappadocia (Greek: θέμα Καππαδοκίας) was a Byzantine theme (a military-civilian province) encompassing the southern portion of the namesake region from the early 9th to the late 11th ...
Abbasid invasion of Asia Minor (806)
The Abbasid invasion of Asia Minor in 806 was the largest operation ever launched by the Abbasid Caliphate against the Byzantine Empire. The expedition was commanded in person by the Abbasid Caliph Ha...
Abbasid invasion of Asia Minor (806) - Wikipedia
Lykandos
Lykandos or Lycandus (Greek: Λυκανδός) was the name of a Byzantine fortress and military-civilian province (or thema), known as the Theme of Lykandos, in the 10th–11th centuries.
The fortress ...
Lykandos - Wikipedia
Empire of Trebizond
The Empire of Trebizond was a monarchy that flourished during the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries comprising the far northeastern corner of Anatolia and the southern Crimea. Originally a revolt by the g...
Empire of Trebizond - Wikipedia
Battle of Pelekanon
The Battle of Pelekanon also known by its Latinised form Battle of Pelecanum occurred on June 10–11, 1329 between an expeditionary force by the Byzantines led by Andronicus III and an Ottoman army led...
Battle of Pelekanon - Wikipedia
Basil the Copper Hand
Basil the Copper Hand (Greek: Βασίλειος ὁ Χαλκόχειρ, died c. 932) was a Byzantine rebel leader active in Bithynia in the 920s and early 930s.
Basil was born in Macedonia (or possibly the theme...
Battle of Pankalia
The Battle of Pankaleia was a battle fought in 978 or 979 between the army loyal to the Byzantine emperor Basil II, commanded by Bardas Phokas the Younger, and the forces of the rebel general Bardas S...
Battle of Pankalia - Wikipedia
Siege of Sinope
The Siege of Sinope in 1214 was a successful siege and capture of Sinope by the Seljuq Turks under their Sultan, Kaykaus I (r. 1211–1220). Sinope was an important port city on the Black Sea coast of m...
Siege of Sinope - Wikipedia
Treaty of Nymphaeum (1261)
The Treaty of Nymphaeum was a trade and defense pact signed between the Empire of Nicaea and the Republic of Genoa in Nymphaion in March 1261. This treaty would have a major impact on both the restor...
Treaty of Nymphaeum (1261) - Wikipedia
Chaldia
Chaldia (Greek: Χαλδία, Khaldia) was a historical region located in mountainous interior of the eastern Black Sea, northeast Anatolia (modern Turkey). Its name was derived from a people called the...
Chaldia - Wikipedia
Siege of Nicaea (727)
The Siege of Nicaea of 727 was an unsuccessful attempt by the Umayyad Caliphate to capture the Byzantine city of Nicaea, the capital of the Opsician Theme. Ever since its failure to capture the Byzant...
Siege of Nicaea (727) - Wikipedia
Caucasus Campaign
The Caucasus Campaign comprised armed conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire, later including Azerbaijan, Armenia, the Central Caspian Dictatorship and the British Empire as part ...
Caucasus Campaign - Wikipedia
Paphlagonian expedition of the Rus'
The Paphlagonian expedition of the Rus' was an attack by the Rus' on cities on the Propontis (Sea of Marmara) and on the coast of the Paphlagonia, marking the first known contact between the Rus' and ...
Paphlagonian expedition of the Rus' - Wikipedia
Siege of Tyana
A Siege of Tyana was carried out by the Umayyad Caliphate in 707–708/708–709 in retaliation for a heavy defeat of an Umayyad army under Maimun the Mardaite by the Byzantine Empire in ca. 706. The Arab...
Battle of Myriokephalon
The Battle of Myriokephalon, also known as the Battle of Myriocephalum, or Miryokefalon Savaşı in Turkish, was a battle between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuk Turks in Phrygia on September 17, 11...
Battle of Myriokephalon - Wikipedia
Gregory Taronites (governor of Chaldia)
Gregory Taronites (Greek: Γρηγόριος Ταρωνίτης) was a Byzantine governor of the theme of Chaldia (modern north-eastern Black Sea coast of Turkey) who rebelled against Emperor Alexios I Komnenos in ...
Malagina
Malagina (Greek: Μαλάγινα), in later times Melangeia (Μελάγγεια), was a Byzantine district in the valley of the Sangarius river in northern Bithynia, which served as a major encampment and fortifi...