Al-Saghani
Abu Hamid Ahmed ibn Mohammed al-Saghani al-Asturlabi (meaning the astrolabe maker of Saghan, near Merv) was a Persian astronomer and historian of science. He flourished in Baghdad, where he died in 37...
Alhazen
Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham (Arabic: أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم‎), frequently referred to as Ibn al-Haytham (Arabic: ابن الهيثم, Latinized as Alhazen or Alhacen; c. ...
Alhazen - Wikipedia
Averroes
Averroës (/əˈvɛroʊˌiːz/; April 14, 1126 – December 10, 1198) is the Latinized form of Ibn Rushd (Arabic: ابن رشد‎), full name ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn ʾAḥmad Ibn Rušd (أبو الوليد محمد ابن ا...
Averroes - Wikipedia
Ibn Yunus
Abu al-Hasan 'Ali ibn 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Ahmad ibn Yunus al-Sadafi al-Misri (Arabic: ابن يونس) (c. 950-1009) was an important Egyptian Muslim astronomer and mathematician, whose works are noted for be...
Averroism
Averroism is a school of Islamic philosophy that arose from the influence of the 12th century Al-Andalus Muslim philosopher Averroës, who worked on reconciling Aristotelianism with Islam. Alternativel...
Averroism - Wikipedia
Abū Muhammad al-Hasan al-Hamdānī
Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥasan ibn Aḥmad ibn Ya‘qūb al-Hamdānī (279/280-333/334 A.H. / 893-945 A.D; Arabic: أبو محمد الحسن بن أحمد بن يعقوب الهمداني‎) was an Arab Muslim geographer, poet, grammarian,...
Al-Kindi
Abu Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn ʼIsḥāq aṣ-Ṣabbāḥ al-Kindī (Arabic: أبو يوسف يعقوب بن إسحاق الصبّاح الكندي‎, Latin: Alkindus) (c. 801–873 CE), known as "the Philosopher of the Arabs", was an Iraqi M...
Al-Kindi - Wikipedia
Ahmad ibn Yusuf
Abu Ja'far Ahmad ibn Yusuf ibn Ibrahim ibn Tammam al-Siddiq Al-Baghdadi (835–912), known in the West by his Latinized name Hametus, was an Arab mathematician, like his father Yusuf ibn Ibrahim (Arabic...
Abu Nasr Mansur
Abu Nasr Mansur ibn Ali ibn Iraq (Persian: ابو نصر منصور بن علی بن عراق‎; c. 960 – 1036) was a Persian Muslim mathematician. He is well known for his work with the spherical sine law.Abu Nasr Ma...
Al Achsasi al Mouakket
Mohammad Al Achsasi Al Mouakket (Arabic: محمد الاخصاصي الموقت‎ / ALA-LC: Muḥammad al-Akhṣāṣī al-Muwaqqit) was an Egyptian astronomer whose calendarium and catalogue of stars, entitled Durret...
Abū Ja'far al-Khāzin
Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Hasan Khazini (900–971) was a Persian Muslim astronomer and mathematician from Khorasan. He worked on both astronomy and number theory.Khazini was one of the scientists brought ...
Ibn al-Shatir
Ala Al-Din Abu'l-Hasan Ali Ibn Ibrahim Ibn al-Shatir (1304 – 1375) (Arabic: ابن الشاطر‎) was an Arab Muslim astronomer, mathematician, engineer and inventor who worked as muwaqqit (موق...
Ibn al-Shatir - Wikipedia
Ibrahim ibn Sinan
Ibrahim ibn Sinan ibn Thābit ibn Qurra (born : 295-296 A.H/908 A.D in Baghdad, died : 334-335 A.H/ 946 A.D in Baghdad, aged 38) was a Syriac speaking Muslim from Harran in northern Mesopotam...
Ibn al‐Ha'im al‐Ishbili
Abu Muhammad Abd al-Haqq al‐Ghafiqi al‐Ishbili (Arabic: ابن الهائم), known as Ibn al‐Hāʾim (fl. c. 1213) was a Muslim astronomer and mathematician from Seville in Al-Andalus. He began his studies as a...
Ibn al‐Ha'im al‐Ishbili - Wikipedia
Banū Mūsā
The Banū Mūsā brothers ("Sons of Moses"), namely Abū Jaʿfar, Muḥammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir (before 803 – February 873), Abū al‐Qāsim, Aḥmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir (d. 9th century) and Al-Ḥasan ibn Mūsā ib...
Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī
Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm ibn Yaḥyā al-Naqqāsh al-Zarqālī, also known as Al-Zarqali or Ibn Zarqala (1029–1087), was a Muslim instrument maker, astrologer, and one of the leading astronomers of his time...
Ma Yize
Ma Yize (ca. 910 - 1005) was an important Arab-Chinese Islamic astronomer and astrologist who worked as the chief official of the astronomical observatory for the Song dynasty.In the early 10th Centu...
Abū al-Wafā' Būzjānī
Abū al-Wafāʾ, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Yaḥyā ibn Ismāʿīl ibn al-ʿAbbās al-Būzjānī or Abū al-Wafā Būzhgānī (Persian: ابوالوفا بوزجانی or بوژگانی‎) (10 June 940 – 15 July 998) was a Persian mathe...
Abū al-Wafā' Būzjānī - Wikipedia
Brethren of Purity
The Brethren of Purity (Arabic: اخوان‌الصفا‎ ikhwãn al-safã; also The Brethren of Sincerity) were a secret society of Muslim philosophers in Basra, Iraq, in the 8th century CE.The structure ...
Brethren of Purity - Wikipedia
Ali ibn Ridwan
Abu'l Hasan Ali ibn Ridwan Al-Misri (c. 988 - c. 1061) was an Egyptian Muslim physician, astrologer and astronomer, born in Giza.He was a commentator on ancient Greek medicine, and in particular on Ga...
Ali ibn Ridwan - Wikipedia
Abū Sahl al-Qūhī
Abū Sahl Wayjan ibn Rustam al-Qūhī (al-Kūhī; Persian: ابوسهل بیژن کوهی‎ Abusahl Bijan-e Koohi) was a Persian mathematician, physicist and astronomer. He was from Kuh (or Quh), an area in Tabaris...
Abū Sahl al-Qūhī - Wikipedia
Muḥammad ibn Jābir al-Ḥarrānī al-Battānī
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Jābir ibn Sinān al-Raqqī al-Ḥarrānī al-Ṣābiʾ al-Battānī (Arabic: محمد بن جابر بن سنان البتاني) (Latinized as Albategnius, Albategni or Albatenius) (c. 858 – 929) was an Ara...
Muḥammad ibn Jābir al-Ḥarrānī al-Battānī - Wikipedia
Sibt al-Maridini
Sibt al-Maridini, full name Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Ghazal (1423 – 1506 AD), was an Egyptian-born astronomer and mathematician. His father came from Damascus. The wor...
Sibt al-Maridini - Wikipedia
Shams al-Dīn Abū Abd Allāh al-Khalīlī
Shams al-Dīn Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Khalīlī (1320–1380) was a Syrian astronomer who compiled extensive tables for astronomical use. He worked for most of his life as a religious timek...
Shams al-Dīn Abū Abd Allāh al-Khalīlī - Wikipedia