Empire of Trebizond
The Empire of Trebizond was a monarchy that flourished during the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries comprising the far northeastern corner of Anatolia and the southern Crimea. Originally a revolt by the g...
Empire of Trebizond - Wikipedia
Symeon I of Constantinople
Symeon I of Trebizond (Greek: Συμεών Α΄ o Τραπεζούντιος) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople three times: for a short time in 1466, from 1471 to 1475 and from 1482 to 1486. In 1484 he presi...
Akçakale tower
Akçakale is a fortress in Akçaabat, Turkey, lying 18 km west of Trabzon. Built on a terrace facing the sea the fortress is believed to have been built by emperor Alexios II (1297-1330) for protection ...
Akçakale tower - Wikipedia
Siege of Trebizond (1222–23)
The Siege of Trebizond in 1222–1223 was an unsuccessful siege of Trebizond, the capital of the namesake empire, by the Seljuq Turks under a certain Melik. According to the late 14th-century Synopsis o...
Siege of Trebizond (1222–23) - Wikipedia
Siege of Sinope
The Siege of Sinope in 1214 was a successful siege and capture of Sinope by the Seljuq Turks under their Sultan, Kaykaus I (r. 1211–1220). Sinope was an important port city on the Black Sea coast of m...
Siege of Sinope - Wikipedia
Gregory Taronites (governor of Chaldia)
Gregory Taronites (Greek: Γρηγόριος Ταρωνίτης) was a Byzantine governor of the theme of Chaldia (modern north-eastern Black Sea coast of Turkey) who rebelled against Emperor Alexios I Komnenos in ...
John Chaldos
John Chaldos (Greek: Ἰωάννης Χάλδος, Ioannes Chaldos; fl. 995–1030) was a Byzantine general under Basil II.
As his surname indicates, Chaldos came from the region of Chaldia in northeast...
Basilios Bessarion
Basilios (or Basilius) Bessarion (in Greek Βασίλειος Βησσαρίων) (2 January 1403 – 18 November 1472), a Roman Catholic Cardinal Bishop and the titular Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, was one of...
Basilios Bessarion - Wikipedia
Thomas the Slav
Thomas the Slav (c. 760 – October 823 AD) was a 9th-century Byzantine military commander, most notable for leading a wide-scale revolt in 821–23 against Emperor Michael II the Amorian (ruled 820–...
Thomas the Slav - Wikipedia
Athanasius the Athonite
Athanasius the Athonite (Greek: Αθανάσιος ο Αθωνίτης), also called Athanasios of Trebizond (c. 920 – c. 1003), was a Byzantine monk who founded the monastic community on Mount Athos, which h...
Athanasius the Athonite - Wikipedia
Saint Gregory of Nyssa Church, Trabzon
Saint Gregory of Nyssa was a church and monastery of Trabzon. It's believed the church was built around 1280-1297 by the wife of John III, Emperor of Trabzon. After 1665, St Gregory became the cathedr...
Chaldia
Chaldia (Greek: Χαλδία, Khaldia) was a historical region located in mountainous interior of the eastern Black Sea, northeast Anatolia (modern Turkey). Its name was derived from a people called the...
Chaldia - Wikipedia
Zilkale
Zilkale is a medieval castle located in the Fırtına Valley (literally: "Stormy Valley"), and is one of the most important historical structures in Çamlıhemşin district of Rize Province in the Black Se...
Zilkale - Wikipedia
Trabzon Castle
The Trabzon Castle (Turkish: Trabzon Kalesi) is a fortress located in the city of Trabzon, northeastern Turkey. Constructed on foundations dating back to Byzantine era with cut stones from former ...
Trabzon Castle - Wikipedia
Theodore Gabras
Theodore Gabras (Greek: Θεόδωρος Γαβρᾶς) was a Byzantine governor in the Pontus who was involved in a minor unsuccessful rebellion against the Emperor Alexios I Komnenos around the year 1091. Theo...
Theodore Gabras - Wikipedia
Constantine Gabras
Constantine Gabras or Gavras (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Γαβρᾶς) was the governor or doux (duke) of the Byzantine province of Chaldia, centred on the Black Sea port of Trebizond and its mountainous hinte...
Yeni Cuma Mosque
The Yeni Cuma Mosque is a mosque in Trabzon, Turkey. It was built during Byzantine times as the Hagios Eugenios Church, dedicated to Saint Eugenius, the patron saint of the city.It is not known exactl...
Yeni Cuma Mosque - Wikipedia
Sümela Monastery
The Sumela Monastery (Greek: Μονή Παναγίας Σουμελά, Moní Panagías Soumelá; Turkish: Sümela Manastırı) is a Greek Orthodox monastery dedicated to the Virgin Mary (Panagia, meaning "All Holy" in...
Sümela Monastery - Wikipedia
Perateia
Perateia (Greek: Περατεία, "place beyond [the sea]", see also Peraia) was the overseas territory of the Empire of Trebizond, comprising the Crimean cities of Cherson, Kerch and their hinterlands. ...
Patriarch John VIII of Constantinople
John VIII Xiphilinos (Greek: Ιωάννης Η΄ Ξιφιλίνος), a native of Trebizond, was patriarch of Constantinople from 1064–1075. He was the uncle of John Xiphilinos the Epimator. John VIII also wrote a...
Hagia Sophia, Trabzon
39°41′46″E / 41.00333°N 39.69611°E / 41.00333; 39.69611The Church of Saint Sophia (Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία, meaning "Holy Wisdom" Turkish: Ayasofya), formerly the Saint Soph...
Hagia Sophia, Trabzon - Wikipedia
Kalepark
Kalepark (originally called Leonkastron; and later Güzelhisar, meaning "Beautiful Castle" in Turkish) was built by the Genoese and Venetian merchants as a medieval fortress on the east side of Trabzon...
Eugenios of Trebizond
Saint Eugeni or Eugene was martyred under Diocletian and a cult devoted to him developed in Trebizond. His feast day is 21 January. Eugenios along with the martyrs Candidus, Valerian and Aquila was pe...
Fatih Mosque, Trabzon
The Fatih Mosque is a mosque in the Ortahisar district in Trabzon, Turkey. It was originally built in Byzantine times as the Panagia Chrysokephalos Church (Greek: Παναγία Χρυσοκέφαλος, "Panagia th...