Macedonian dynasty
The Macedonian dynasty ruled the Byzantine Empire from 867 to 1056, following the Amorian dynasty. During this period, the Byzantine state reached its greatest expanse since the Muslim conquests, and ...
Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria
Ivan Asen II (Bulgarian: Иван Асен II, pronounced [iˈvan ɐˈsɛn ˈftɔri]; also Йоан Асен II, Yoan Asen II;) in English sometimes known as John Asen II, ruled as Emperor (Tsar) of Bulgaria from 1218 ...
Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria - Wikipedia
Merope (region)
In the 14th-century Balkans, Merope (Greek: Μερόπη, Bulgarian: Меропа, Meropa) was a subregion of Thrace in modern northern Greece and southern Bulgaria. The region lay in the western and mid...
Battle of Kalavrye
The Battle of Kalavrye (also Kalavryai or Kalavryta) was fought in 1078 between the Byzantine imperial forces of general (and future emperor) Alexios Komnenos and the rebellious governor of Dyrrhachiu...
Battle of Kalavrye - Wikipedia
Battle of Messinopolis
The battle of Messinopolis (Bulgarian: Битка при Месинопол) took place on 4 September 1207 at Mosynopolis near the town of Komotini in contemporary Greece between the Bulgarians and the Latin Empi...
Battle of Messinopolis - Wikipedia
Battle of Peritheorion
The Battle of Peritheorion on 7 July 1345 between the forces of Momchil, the quasi-independent ruler of Rhodope, and an allied Byzantine-Turkish force headed by John VI Kantakouzenos and Umur Bey of A...
Battle of Peritheorion - Wikipedia
Nicetas (Bogomil bishop)
Nicetas, known only from Latin sources who call him papa Nicetas, is said to have been the Bogomil bishop of Constantinople. In the 1160s he went to Lombardy. His purpose was apparently to reinforce t...
Momchil
Momchil (Bulgarian: Момчил, Greek: Μομ[ι]τζίλος or Μομιτζίλας; c. 1305 – 7 July 1345) was a 14th-century Bulgarian brigand and local ruler. Initially a member of a bandit gang in the bord...
Momchil - Wikipedia
Mosynopolis
Mosynopolis (Greek: Μοσυνόπολις), of which only ruins now remain, was a city in the Roman province of Rhodope that until the 9th century was known as Maximianopolis (Μαξιμιανούπολις) or, to disti...
Mosynopolis - Wikipedia
Byzantine Empire under the Macedonian dynasty
The medieval Byzantine Empire reached its height under the Macedonian emperors of the late 9th, 10th, and early 11th centuries, when it gained control over the Adriatic Sea, southern Italy, and all of...
Byzantine Empire under the Macedonian dynasty - Wikipedia
Macedonia (theme)
The Theme of Macedonia (Greek: θέμα Μακεδονίας) was a military-civilian province (theme) of the Byzantine Empire established between the late 700s and the early 800s. Byzantine Macedonia also inco...
Macedonia (theme) - Wikipedia
Eudokia Baïana
Eudokia Baïana (died 12 April 901) was the third wife of Leo VI the Wise.The work Theophanes Continuatus was a continuation of the chronicle of Theophanes the Confessor by other writers, active durin...
Bogomilism
Bogomilism was a dualist religiopolitical sect founded in the First Bulgarian Empire by the priest Bogomil during the reign of Tsar Peter I in the 10th century. It most probably arose in what is today...
Bogomilism - Wikipedia
Madrid Skylitzes
The Madrid Skylitzes is a richly illustrated illuminated manuscript of the Synopsis of Histories (Σύνοψις Ἱστοριῶν), by John Skylitzes, which covers the reigns of the Byzantine emperors from the death...
Madrid Skylitzes - Wikipedia
Cosmas the Priest
Cosmas the Priest (Bulgarian: Презвитер Козма, Prezviter Kozma), also known as Cosmas the Presbyter or Presbyter Cosmas, was a medieval Bulgarian priest and writer. Cosmas is most famous for his a...
Cosmas the Priest - Wikipedia
Book of Boril
The Book of Boril or Boril Synodic (Bulgarian: Борилов синодик) is a medieval Bulgarian book from the beginning of the 13th century.It is an important source for the history of the Bulgarian Empir...
Book of Boril - Wikipedia
Basil I
Basil I, called the Macedonian (Greek: Βασίλειος ὁ Μακεδών, Basíleios hō Makedṓn; 811 – August 29, 886) was a Byzantine Emperor who reigned from 867 to 886. Born a simple peasant in the Byzantine ...
Basil I - Wikipedia
Vatatzes
The Vatatzes or Batatzes (Greek: Βατάτζης) family was a noble Byzantine family of the 11th–14th centuries, which produced several senior generals of the Byzantine army and, after John III Doukas V...
Vatatzes - Wikipedia
Stylianos Zaoutzes
Stylianos Zaoutzes (Greek: Στυλιανὸς Ζαούτζης, but Ζαουντζᾶς in Skylitzes) was a high Byzantine official of Armenian origin. Rising to high rank under Byzantine emperor Basil I (reigned 867–886), ...
Stylianos Zaoutzes - Wikipedia
Basil Lekapenos
Basil Lekapenos (Basil the Nothos ("bastard") (born c. 925 - died c. 985) was the parakoimomenos (chief administrator) of the Byzantine Empire from 945 until 985.An illegitimate son of the emperor Rom...
Basil Lekapenos - Wikipedia
Tvrtko I of Bosnia
Stephen Tvrtko I (1338 – 10 March 1391) was the Ban of Bosnia during 1353–77, King of Bosnia and Serbia during 1377–91, and king of Croatia and Dalmatia after 1390. A member of the Bosnian Kotromanić ...
Tvrtko I of Bosnia - Wikipedia
Alexander (Byzantine emperor)
Alexander (Greek: Αλέξανδρος, Alexandros, 870  – June 6, 913), sometimes numbered Alexander III, ruled as Emperor of the Byzantine Empire in 912–913. He was the third son of Empero...
Alexander (Byzantine emperor) - Wikipedia
Thrace (theme)
The Theme of Thrace (Greek: θέμα Θρᾴκης or θέμα Θρᾳκῷον) was a province (thema or theme) of the Byzantine Empire located in the south-eastern Balkans, comprising varying parts of the eponymous ge...
Thrace (theme) - Wikipedia
Helena of Byzantium
Saint Helena or Saint Helen (Latin: Flavia Iulia Helena Augusta; c. 250 – c. 330) was the consort of the Roman emperor Constantius Chlorus and the mother of the emperor Constantin...
Diocese of Thrace
The Diocese of Thrace (Latin: Dioecesis Thraciae, Greek: Διοίκησις Θράκης) was a diocese of the later Roman Empire, incorporating the provinces of the eastern Balkan Peninsula (comprising terr...
Diocese of Thrace - Wikipedia
Bogomil (priest)
Bogomil (Богомил) was a 10th-century Bulgarian priest and heresiarch, who was connected with the origins of Bogomilism. According to Cosmas the Priest the priest Bogomil first began to preach his here...