Astyages
Astyages (spelled by Herodotus as Ἀστυάγης - Astyages; by Ctesias as Astyigas; by Diodorus as Aspadas; Akkadian: Ištumegu) was the last king of the Median Empire, r. 585 BCE-550 BCE, the son of Cyaxa...
Astyages - Wikipedia
Dudu of Akkad
Dudu was a 21st-century BC king of Akkad, who reigned for 21 years according to the Sumerian king list, although he is poorly attested archaeologically.He is depicted as becoming king during the time ...
Khosrau II
Khosrau II (Chosroes II in classical sources, entitled "Aparvez"; later garbled into Parviz), "The Victorious" – (Middle Persian: 𐭧𐭥𐭮𐭫𐭥𐭣𐭩 Husrō(y); also Khusraw Parvēz, New Persian: خس...
Khosrau II - Wikipedia
Habibullah Khan
Habibullah Khan (June 3, 1872 – February 20, 1919) was the Emir of Afghanistan from 1901 until 1919. He was born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, the eldest son of the Emir Abdur Rahman Khan, whom he succeed...
Al-Mundhir IV ibn al-Mundhir
Al-Mundhir IV ibn al-Mundhir was the king of the Lakhmid Arabs in 574–580. The son of the great al-Mundhir III ibn al-Nu'man (r. 502–554), he succeeded to the throne after his brothers 'Amr III ibn al...
Abba-El I
Abba-El I (reigned c. 1750 BC – c. 1720 BC - Middle chronology ) was the king of Yamhad (Halab) succeeding his father Hammurabi I.
Hammurabi I left Yamhad a prosperous country, Ab...
Piyama-Radu
Piyamaradu (also spelled Piyama-Radu, Piyama Radu, Piyamaradus, Piyamaraduš) was a warlike personage whose name figures prominently in the Hittite archives of the middle and late 13th century BC in we...
Bahram I
Bahram I (Middle Persian: 𐭥𐭫𐭧𐭫𐭠𐭭, Wahrām, Persian: بهرام یکم‎, Bahrām) (also spelled Varahran or Vahram, r. June 271 – September 274) was the fourth Sasanian emperor of the third Irani...
Bahram I - Wikipedia
Axidares of Armenia
Axidares or Ashkhadar also known as Exedares or Exedates (flourished second half of the 1st century & first half of the 2nd century, died 113) was a Parthian Prince who served as a Roman Client Ki...
Hormizd VI
Hormizd VI (Persian: هرمز‎) was a Sasanian king of parts of Persia from 630 to 631. He was one of the many pretenders who rose after the murder of Khosrau II (590–628) in 628. He maintai...
Hormizd VI - Wikipedia
Yusuf II, Almohad Caliph
Abu Yaqub Yusuf 'al-Mustansir' (also known as Yusuf II, c.1203–1224) (Arabic: يوسف بن الناصر‎ Yūsuf bin an-Nāṣir) was Caliph of Morocco from 1213 until his death. Son of the previous caliph,...
Yusuf II, Almohad Caliph - Wikipedia
King of Saudi Arabia
The King of Saudi Arabia is Saudi Arabia's head of state and absolute monarch (i.e. head of government). He serves as the head of the Saudi monarchy — House of Saud. The King is called the Custo...
King of Saudi Arabia - Wikipedia
Kings of Jerusalem
The King of Jerusalem was the supreme ruler of the Crusader States, founded by Christian princes in 1099 when the First Crusade took the city; it disappeared with the departure of the last crusader o...
Kings of Jerusalem - Wikipedia
Mithridates VI of Pontus
Mithridates VI or Mithradates VI (; Greek: Μιθραδάτης, Μιθριδάτης), from Old Persian Mithradatha, "gift of Mithra"; 134–63 BC, also known as Mithradates the Great (Megas) and Eupator Dionysius, wa...
Mithridates VI of Pontus - Wikipedia
Utupurshi of Diauehi
Diauehi or Diaokhi , Daiaeni (Georgian: დიაოხი) was a coalition of tribes, or kingdoms, located in northeastern Anatolia, that was formed in the 12th century BC in the post-Hittite period. It is ...
Utupurshi of Diauehi - Wikipedia
Artaxias IV
Artaxias IV or Artashir IV who is also known as Artaxias, Artashes, Artashes IV, Artashir, Ardases, Ardasir and Artases (Armenian: Արտաշես, flourished 5th century) was a Prince who served as a Sas...
Artaxias IV - Wikipedia
Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum
Sheikh Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum (1878–1958) (Arabic: سعيد بن مكتوم آل مكتوم‎) was the Ruler of Dubai from 1912 until his death in 1958.In 1929, he was briefly deposed and succ...
Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum - Wikipedia
Cyaxares II
Cyaxares II was said to be a king of the Medes whose reign is described by the Greek historian Xenophon. Some theories have equated this figure with the "Darius the Mede" named in the Book of Daniel. ...
Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik
Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik (691 – 6 February 743) (Arabic: هشام بن عبد الملك‎) 10th Umayyad caliph who ruled from 724 until his death in 743. When he was born in 691 his mother named him ...
Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik - Wikipedia
Al-Nu'man II ibn al-Aswad
Al-Nu'man II ibn al-Aswad was the tenth Lakhmid king, reigning in 497–503 AD. His mother was Umm al-Mulk bint 'Amr ibn Hajar al-Kindi, the sister of al-Harith ibn 'Amru, the celebrated Kindite prince....
Faramurz
Abu Mansur Faramurz (Persian: ابو منصور فرامرز), mostly known as Faramurz, was the Kakuyid Emir of Isfahan. He was the eldest son of Muhammad ibn Rustam Dushmanziyar. He was defeated by Tughril in 105...
Faramurz - Wikipedia
Alulim
Alulim was the first king of Eridu, and the first king of Sumer, according to the mythological antediluvian section of the Sumerian King List. Enki, the god of Eridu, is said to have brought civilizat...