Isa ibn Ali Al Khalifa
Isa ibn Ali Al Khalifa, KCIE, CSI (1848–1932) was the ruler of Bahrain from 1869 until his death. His title was Hakim of Bahrain. He is one of the longest reigning monarchs of the region, a reig...
Isa ibn Ali Al Khalifa - Wikipedia
Astyages
Astyages (spelled by Herodotus as Ἀστυάγης - Astyages; by Ctesias as Astyigas; by Diodorus as Aspadas; Akkadian: Ištumegu) was the last king of the Median Empire, r. 585 BCE-550 BCE, the son of Cyaxa...
Astyages - Wikipedia
Dudu of Akkad
Dudu was a 21st-century BC king of Akkad, who reigned for 21 years according to the Sumerian king list, although he is poorly attested archaeologically.He is depicted as becoming king during the time ...
Khosrau II
Khosrau II (Chosroes II in classical sources, entitled "Aparvez"; later garbled into Parviz), "The Victorious" – (Middle Persian: 𐭧𐭥𐭮𐭫𐭥𐭣𐭩 Husrō(y); also Khusraw Parvēz, New Persian: خس...
Khosrau II - Wikipedia
List of caliphs of the Fatimid Caliphate
This is a list of caliphs of the Fatimid Caliphate (909–1171).
At this point there was a dispute in the succession. The Mustaali cause, given below, was successful in gaining the caliphate, but th...
List of caliphs of the Fatimid Caliphate - Wikipedia
Habibullah Khan
Habibullah Khan (June 3, 1872 – February 20, 1919) was the Emir of Afghanistan from 1901 until 1919. He was born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, the eldest son of the Emir Abdur Rahman Khan, whom he succeed...
Al-Mundhir IV ibn al-Mundhir
Al-Mundhir IV ibn al-Mundhir was the king of the Lakhmid Arabs in 574–580. The son of the great al-Mundhir III ibn al-Nu'man (r. 502–554), he succeeded to the throne after his brothers 'Amr III ibn al...
Umar
Umar, also spelled Omar (Arabic: عمر بن الخطاب, translit.: `Umar ibn Al-Khattāb, Umar Son of Al-Khattab, born 577 CE – died 3 November 644 CE), was one of the most powerful and inf...
Umar - Wikipedia
Abba-El I
Abba-El I (reigned c. 1750 BC – c. 1720 BC - Middle chronology ) was the king of Yamhad (Halab) succeeding his father Hammurabi I.
Hammurabi I left Yamhad a prosperous country, Ab...
List of Assyrian kings
The list of Assyrian kings is compiled from the Assyrian King List, an ancient kingdom in northern Mesopotamia (modern northern Iraq) with information added from recent archaeological findings. The As...
List of Assyrian kings - Wikipedia
Piyama-Radu
Piyamaradu (also spelled Piyama-Radu, Piyama Radu, Piyamaradus, Piyamaraduš) was a warlike personage whose name figures prominently in the Hittite archives of the middle and late 13th century BC in we...
Xerxes II of Persia
Xerxes II (Persian: خشايارشا دوم‎,IPA:/ˈzəːksiːz/ - Xšayāršā) was a Persian king and the son and successor of Artaxerxes I. After a reign of forty-five days, he was assassinated in 424 BC by his...
Bahram I
Bahram I (Middle Persian: 𐭥𐭫𐭧𐭫𐭠𐭭, Wahrām, Persian: بهرام یکم‎, Bahrām) (also spelled Varahran or Vahram, r. June 271 – September 274) was the fourth Sasanian emperor of the third Irani...
Bahram I - Wikipedia
Pharnaces II of Pontus
Pharnaces II of Pontus, also known as Pharnaces II (Greek: Φαρνάκης; about 97–47 BC) was a prince, then King of Pontus and the Bosporan until his death. He was a monarch of Persian and Greek Maced...
Axidares of Armenia
Axidares or Ashkhadar also known as Exedares or Exedates (flourished second half of the 1st century & first half of the 2nd century, died 113) was a Parthian Prince who served as a Roman Client Ki...
Hormizd VI
Hormizd VI (Persian: هرمز‎) was a Sasanian king of parts of Persia from 630 to 631. He was one of the many pretenders who rose after the murder of Khosrau II (590–628) in 628. He maintai...
Hormizd VI - Wikipedia
Kings of Jerusalem
The King of Jerusalem was the supreme ruler of the Crusader States, founded by Christian princes in 1099 when the First Crusade took the city; it disappeared with the departure of the last crusader o...
Kings of Jerusalem - Wikipedia
Al-Hafiz
Al-Ḥāfīz (c. 1076 – 8 October 1149), (Arabic: الحافظ‎ ) was the eleventh Caliph of the Fāṭimids (r. 1130–1149)Al-Ḥāfiz assumed the caliphate as the cousin of the murdered al-Āmir (1101–1130)...
Mithridates VI of Pontus
Mithridates VI or Mithradates VI (; Greek: Μιθραδάτης, Μιθριδάτης), from Old Persian Mithradatha, "gift of Mithra"; 134–63 BC, also known as Mithradates the Great (Megas) and Eupator Dionysius, wa...
Mithridates VI of Pontus - Wikipedia
Utupurshi of Diauehi
Diauehi or Diaokhi , Daiaeni (Georgian: დიაოხი) was a coalition of tribes, or kingdoms, located in northeastern Anatolia, that was formed in the 12th century BC in the post-Hittite period. It is ...
Utupurshi of Diauehi - Wikipedia
Artaxias IV
Artaxias IV or Artashir IV who is also known as Artaxias, Artashes, Artashes IV, Artashir, Ardases, Ardasir and Artases (Armenian: Արտաշես, flourished 5th century) was a Prince who served as a Sas...
Artaxias IV - Wikipedia