Américo Tomás
Américo de Deus Rodrigues Thomaz, GCC, GOA, GOSE ([ɐˈmɛɾiku dɨ ˈdewʃ ʁuˈdɾiɡɨʃ tuˈmaʃ]), (November 19, 1894 – September 18, 1987) was a Portuguese admiral and politician. He was the 13th Preside...
Américo Tomás - Wikipedia
Processo Revolucionário Em Curso
The Processo Revolucionário Em Curso (English: Ongoing Revolutionary Process) is the period of the history of Portugal from the Carnation Revolution in April 25, 1974 to the establishment of a new con...
Processo Revolucionário Em Curso - Wikipedia
Vasco Gonçalves
General Vasco dos Santos Gonçalves ([ˈvaʃku ɡõˈsaɫvɨʃ]; Lisbon 3 May 1921 – 11 June 2005) was a Portuguese army officer in the Engineering Corps who took part in the Carnation Revolution and later se...
Vasco Gonçalves - Wikipedia
Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho
Otelo Nuno Romão Saraiva de Carvalho, ([ɔˈtɛlu sɐˈɾajvɐ dɨ kɐɾˈvaʎu]; born August 31, 1936), is a retired Portuguese military officer. He was the chief strategist of the 1974 Carnation Revolution in ...
Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho - Wikipedia
Coup of 25 November 1975
The Coup of 25 November 1975 (usually referred to as the 25 de Novembro in Portugal) was a failed military coup against the post-Carnation Revolution governing bodies of Portugal. This attempt was car...
Coup of 25 November 1975 - Wikipedia
Mário Lemos Pires
Mário Lemos Pires (30 June 1930 – 22 May 2009) was a Major-general of the Portuguese Army and the last colonial governor of Portuguese Timor.
Born in Lamego, Portugal in 1930, Lemos Pires moved to...
Movimento das Forças Armadas
The Armed Forces Movement (Portuguese: Movimento das Forças Armadas; MFA) was an organisation of lower-ranked left-leaning officers in the Portuguese Armed Forces which was responsible for the Car...
5 October 1910 revolution
The establishment of the Portuguese Republic was the result of a coup d'état organised by the Portuguese Republican Party which, on 5 October 1910, deposed the constitutional monarchy and established ...
5 October 1910 revolution - Wikipedia
Timeline of the Carnation Revolution

Main Movimento das Forças Armadas (MFA, "Movement of Armed Forces") forces:Forces loyal to the government:
Carnation Revolution
The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese: Revolução dos Cravos), also referred to as the 25 April (Portuguese: 25 de Abril), was a military coup in Lisbon, Portugal, on 25 April 1974 which overth...
Carnation Revolution - Wikipedia
Marcelo Caetano
Marcello José das Neves Alves Caetano ([mɐɾˈsɛlu kɐiˈtɐnu], , ; 17 August 1906 – 26 October 1980), was a Portuguese politician and scholar, who was the last prime minister of the Estado Novo regime, f...
National Salvation Junta
The National Salvation Junta (Junta de Salvação Nacional, [ˈʒũtɐ dɨ saɫvɐˈsɐ̃w̃ nɐsiuˈnaɫ]) was a group of military officers designated to maintain the government of Portugal in April 1974, after the ...
Salgueiro Maia
Fernando José Salgueiro Maia, (1 July 1944 in Castelo de Vide, Portugal – 4 April 1992 in Santarém), commonly known just by Salgueiro Maia ([saɫˈɡɐjɾu ˈmajɐ]), was a captain of the Portuguese army. H...
Salgueiro Maia - Wikipedia
Angolan Civil War
The Angolan Civil War (Portuguese: Guerra civil angolana) was a major civil conflict in the African state of Angola, beginning in 1975 and continuing, with some interludes, until 2002. The war beg...
Angolan Civil War - Wikipedia
Grândola, Vila Morena
"Grândola, Vila Morena" is a Portuguese song by Zeca Afonso, that tells of the fraternity among the people of Grândola, a town in the Alentejo region of Portugal.
While Salazar's Estado Novo regim...
E Depois do Adeus
"E Depois do Adeus" ("And after the farewell") was the Portuguese entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1974, performed in Portuguese by Paulo de Carvalho.The song is a ballad, with Paulo de Carvalho t...
Lusophobia
Anti-Portuguese sentiment (or Lusophobia) is a hostility toward Portugal, the Portuguese people or the Portuguese language and culture.
Like Lusitanic, the word "Lusophobia" derives from Lusitania...
Mozambican Civil War
The Mozambican Civil War began in 1977, two years after the end of the war of independence. It was similar to the Angolan Civil War as both were proxy wars of the Cold War that started soon after the ...
Mozambican Civil War - Wikipedia
28 May 1926 coup d'état
The 28 May 1926 coup d'état, sometimes called 28 May Revolution or, during the period of Estado Novo (English: New State), National Revolution (Portuguese: Revolução Nacional), was a military ...
28 May 1926 coup d'état - Wikipedia
António de Spínola
António Sebastião Ribeiro de Spínola (generally referred to as António de Spínola, [ɐ̃ ˈtɔniu dɨ ˈspinulɐ]; April 11, 1910 – August 13, 1996) was a Portuguese military officer, author and conser...
Retornados
The Processo Revolucionário Em Curso (English: Ongoing Revolutionary Process) is the period of the history of Portugal from the Carnation Revolution in April 25, 1974 to the establishment of a new con...
Retornados - Wikipedia
Portuguese transition to democracy
Portugal's experience with democracy before the Carnation Revolution of 1974 had not been particularly successful. Its First Republic lasted only sixteen years, from 1910 to 1926. Under the republic, ...
Indonesian invasion of East Timor
The Indonesian invasion of East Timor began on 7 December 1975 when the Indonesian military invaded East Timor under the pretext of anti-colonialism. The overthrow of a popular and briefly Fretilin-le...
Indonesian invasion of East Timor - Wikipedia