Primicerius
The Latin term primicerius, hellenized as primikērios (Greek: πριμικήριος), was a title applied in the later Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire to the heads of administrative departments, and a...
Primicerius - Wikipedia
Palatine
A palatine or palatinus (in Latin; plural palatini; cf. derivative spellings below) is a high-level official attached to imperial or royal courts in Europe since Roman times. The term palatinus was fi...
Palatine - Wikipedia
Dux Mesopotamiae
Mesopotamia was the name of two distinct Roman provinces, the one a short-lived creation of the Roman Emperor Trajan in 116–117 and the other established by Emperor Septimius Severus in ca. 198, which...
Dux Mesopotamiae - Wikipedia
Aeneator
An aeneator (Latin: aēneātor or ahēneātor) refers to a classical Roman professional performer of a horn who was attached to a Roman military unit. The word comes from Latin aēneus or ahēneus, "bra...
Aeneator - Wikipedia
Lollianus Mavortius
Quintus Flavius Maesius Egnatius Lollianus signo Mavortius (fl. 330 – 356) was a politician of the Roman Empire.In the 18th century an acephalous statue of Mavortius was discovered in Puteoli, then Po...
Evocatus
Evocatus (plural Evocati) was the Latin term for a soldier in the Roman army who had served out his time and obtained a discharge (missio) but had voluntarily enlisted again at the invitation of the c...
Eutychianus (consul 398)
Flavius Eutychianus or Eutychian (fl. 388–405) was a politician of the Eastern Roman Empire.
Eutychian was the son of the Consul of 361, Taurus; it is known that he had a wife. He should be identi...
Areobindus (consul 434)
Flavius Areobindus (died 449) was a general of the Eastern Roman Empire of Gothic origin, who became commander in chief of the East.
Areobindus was a Goth who became part of the political class of...
Areobindus (consul 434) - Wikipedia
Iunius Quartus Palladius
Flavius Iunius Quartus Palladius (floruit 408-421) was a politician of the Western Roman Empire, who held the Praetorian prefecture of Italy, Illyricum and Africa for six years and was also consul in ...
Princeps
Princeps (plural: principes) is a Latin word meaning "first in time or order; the first, chief, the most eminent, distinguished, or noble; the first man, first person." This article is devoted to a n...
Palatinus (Roman Catholic Church)
Palatinus, (plural: Palatini) Latin for 'palatial', entered into designations for various ecclesiastical offices in the Catholic Church, primarily, of certain high officials in the papal court.
In...
Comes Britanniarum
The Comes Britanniarum (Latin for "Count of the Britains") was a military post in Roman Britain with command over the mobile field army from the mid-4th century onwards. It is listed in the List of Of...
Comes Britanniarum - Wikipedia
Dux Britanniarum
Dux Britanniarum was a military post in Roman Britain, probably created by Diocletian or Constantine I during the late third or early fourth century. The Dux (literally, "(military) leader") was a sen...
Dux Britanniarum - Wikipedia
Draconarius
The draconarius was a type of signifer who bore a cavalry standard known as a draco in the Roman army.
Strictly speaking, the word draconarius denotes the bearer of the military standard on which...
Draconarius - Wikipedia
Comes excubitorum
The Excubitors (Latin: excubitores or excubiti, literally "those out of bed", i.e. "sentinels"; Greek: ἐξκουβίτορες or ἐξκούβιτοι) were founded in circa 460 AD as the imperial guards of the early ...
Heraclianus
Heraclianus (Ancient Greek: Ἡρακλειανὸς, Herakleianòs; died at Carthage, March 7, 413) was a provincial governor and a usurper of the Roman Empire (412-413) opposed to Emperor Honorius.
The f...
Heraclianus - Wikipedia
Praefectus Castrorum
The praefectus castrorum ("camp prefect") was, in the Roman army of the early Empire, the third most senior commander of the Roman legion after the legate (legatus) and the senior military tribune (tr...
Iohannes (consul 467)
Iohannes (floruit 467-479) was a politician of the Eastern Roman Empire.
His family came from Lychnidus. In 467 he was consul posterior, chosen by the Eastern court, together with Illustrius Pusae...
List of Roman army unit types

In the Pre-Marian reforms the structure of the legions was as follows:In the years following the reforms of Gaius Marius in 107 BC the organisation of the legions became standardised as follows:
Consul
Consul (abbrev. cos.; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire. The title was also used in other city states and also reviv...
Cornicen
A cornicen (plural cornicines) was a junior officer in the Roman Army. The cornicen's job was to signal salutes to officers and sound orders to the legions. The cornicines played the cornu (making him...
Cornicen - Wikipedia
Vir militaris
The vir militaris (plural: viri militares) was a Roman legate (or general) that governed a consular military province of the Roman Empire. Tacitus mentioned the phrase vir militaris in some of his pas...
Vir militaris - Wikipedia
Signiferi
The signiferi of the Roman legions were the ranks entrusted with various tasks to do with standard-bearing. Early in the Roman Republic the single rank signifer performed all these tasks but later in ...
Praetorian prefect
Praetorian prefect (Latin: praefectus praetorio, Greek: ἔπαρχος/ὕπαρχος τῶν πραιτωρίων) was the title of a high office in the Roman Empire. Originating as the commander of the Praetorian Guard...
Tirones
Tirones (Latin: tiro, tironis) were new recruits in the armies of the Roman Empire. A tiro could take up to six months before becoming a full miles (infantryman/private).In the 4th century, Veget...
Tirones - Wikipedia
Evocati Augusti
The Evocati Augusti, Evocati of the Praetorian Guard, had even greater social standing than the Evocati of the Legions.They would have served out their time and obtained their discharge (missio) with ...
Primus pilus
The Primus pilus was the senior centurion of a Roman legion.
In the late Roman republic, the cohort (of which there were between six and ten) became the basic tactical unit of the legions. The coh...
Signifer
A signifer was a standard bearer of the Roman legions. He carried a signum (standard) for a cohort or century. Each century had a signifer (thus, there were 59 in a legion) and within each cohort the ...
Signifer - Wikipedia