Misuse of statistics
A misuse of statistics occurs when a statistical argument asserts a falsehood. In some cases, the misuse may be accidental. In others, it is purposeful and for the gain of the perpetrator. When the st...
Blind spots: Challenge assumptions
Learn more at PwC.com - http://www.pwc.com/us/en/index.jhtml Our brains are wired to make assumptions, which can sometimes be off base. We think it's an honest mistake; science calls it a blind spot.
'Fraud': Mainstream polls use 29% more Democrats than Republicans
Mainstream polls oversample Democrats by 29 percent, according to a new analysis.
Why are people so often wrong about their own countries?
People in 33 nations polled by the latest Ipsos Mori survey often seem clueless on wealth, immigration and other factors. Our new international survey across 33 countries shows just how wrong the worl...
Coca-Cola Is Funding Obesity Research With A Biased Message, Nutrition Experts Say
Coca-Cola came under fire Monday for donating millions of dollars to a nonprofit that has been spreading the message in medical journals and through social media that the blame for America's obesity e...
DOJ: Ferguson PD engaged in racially biased policing
A Justice Department review found that the troubled Ferguson Police Department engaged in a pattern of racially biased enforcement during suspect stops and used unreasonable force against a
Biased sample
In statistics, sampling bias is a bias in which a sample is collected in such a way that some members of the intended population are less likely to be included than others. It results in a biased samp...
Biased sample - Wikipedia
Opinion poll
An opinion poll, sometimes simply referred to as a poll, is a survey of public opinion from a particular sample. Opinion polls are usually designed to represent the opinions of a population by conduct...
Opinion poll - Wikipedia
Correlation does not imply causation
Correlation does not imply causation is a phrase used in science and statistics to emphasize that a correlation between two variables does not necessarily imply that one causes the other. Many statis...
Data dredging
Data dredging (data fishing, data snooping, equation fitting) is the use of data mining to uncover relationships in data.The process of data mining involves automatically testing huge numbers of hypot...
Bias
Bias is an inclination of temperament or outlook to present or hold a partial perspective, often accompanied by a refusal to consider the possible merits of alternative points of view. People may be ...
Bias - Wikipedia
Illusory correlation
Illusory correlation is the phenomenon of perceiving a relationship between variables (typically people, events, or behaviors) even when no such relationship exists. A common example of this phenomeno...
Cognitive bias
A cognitive bias is a pattern of deviation in judgment, whereby inferences about other people and situations may be drawn in an illogical fashion. Individuals create their own "subjective social reali...
Kitchen sink regression
Pejoratively, a kitchen sink regression is a statistical regression which uses a long list of possible independent variables to attempt to explain variance in a dependent variable. In economics, psyc...
False positive paradox
The false positive paradox is a statistical result where false positive tests are more probable than true positive tests, occurring when the overall population has a low incidence of a condition and t...
Spectrum bias
In biostatistics, spectrum bias refers to the phenomenon that the performance of a diagnostic test may vary in different clinical settings because each setting has a different mix of patients. Becaus...
Double counting (fallacy)
Double counting is a fallacy in which, when counting events or occurrences in probability or in other areas, a solution counts events two or more times, resulting in an erroneous number of events or o...
Misleading graph
In statistics, a misleading graph, also known as a distorted graph, is a graph that misrepresents data, constituting a misuse of statistics and with the result that an incorrect conclusion may be deri...
Misleading graph - Wikipedia
Lies, damned lies, and statistics
"Lies, damned lies, and statistics" is a phrase describing the persuasive power of numbers, particularly the use of statistics to bolster weak arguments. It is also sometimes colloquially used to dou...
Anscombe's quartet
Anscombe's quartet comprises four datasets that have nearly identical simple statistical properties, yet appear very different when graphed. Each dataset consists of eleven (x,y) points. They were con...
Systemic bias
Systemic bias, also called institutional bias, is the inherent tendency of a process to support particular outcomes. The term generally refers to human systems such as institutions; the equivalent bia...
Systemic bias - Wikipedia
Self-selection bias
In statistics, self-selection bias arises in any situation in which individuals select themselves into a group, causing a biased sample with nonprobability sampling. It is commonly used to describe s...
Prosecutor's fallacy
The prosecutor's fallacy is a fallacy of statistical reasoning, typically used by the prosecution to argue for the guilt of a defendant during a criminal trial. Although it is named after prosecutors ...
Statistical Assessment Service
Statistical Assessment Service (STATS) is a non-profit educational organization, based in Washington, DC, which analyzes and critiques the presentation of scientific findings and statistical evidence ...
Sampling bias
In statistics, sampling bias is a bias in which a sample is collected in such a way that some members of the intended population are less likely to be included than others. It results in a biased samp...
Sampling bias - Wikipedia
Healthy user bias
The healthy user bias is a bias that can damage the validity of epidemiologic studies testing the efficacy of particular therapies or interventions. Specifically, it is a sampling bias: the kind of su...
Prospect theory
Prospect theory is a behavioral economic theory that describes the way people choose between probabilistic alternatives that involve risk, where the probabilities of outcomes are known. The theory sta...
Technological singularity
The technological singularity is the hypothesis that accelerating progress in technologies will cause a runaway effect wherein artificial intelligence will exceed human intellectual capacity and contr...
Systematic error
Systematic error is an error that is not determined by chance but is introduced by an inaccuracy (as of observation or measurement) inherent in the system.Systematic error may also be an error having ...