Mitanni
Mitanni (/mɪˈtæni/; Hittite cuneiformKUR Mi-ta-an-ni; also Mittani Mi-it-ta-ni) or Hanigalbat (Assyrian Hanigalbat, Khanigalbat cuneiform Ḫa-ni-gal-bat) or Naharin in ancient Egyptian texts was a Hu...
Mitanni - Wikipedia
Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni
Some theonyms, proper names and other terminology of the Mitanni are considered to form (part of) an Indo-Aryan superstrate, suggesting that an Indo-Aryan elite imposed itself over the Hurrian populat...
Urartu
Urartu (Armenian: Ուրարտու - Urartu, Assyrian: māt Urarṭu; Babylonian: Urashtu), corresponding to the biblical Kingdom of Ararat (Armenian: Արարատյան Թագավորություն) or Kingdom of Van (Armenia...
Urartu - Wikipedia
Urkesh
Urkesh or Urkish (modern Tell Mozan; Arabic: تل موزان‎) is a tell, or settlement mound, located in the foothills of the Taurus Mountains in Al-Hasakah Governorate, northeastern Syria. It was...
Urkesh - Wikipedia
Teishebaini
Teishebaini (also Teshebani, modern Karmir Blur (Armenian: Կարմիր Բլուր) referring more to the hill that the fortress is located upon) was the capital of the Transcaucasian provinces of the ancien...
Teishebaini - Wikipedia
Parshatatar
Parshatatar, Paršatar, Barattarna, or Parattarna was the name of a Hurrian king of Mitanni in the fifteenth century BC. Very few records of him are known as sources from Mitanni are rare. Most informa...
Rusa II
Rusa II was king of Urartu between around 680 BC and 639 BC. It was during his reign that the massive fortress complex, Karmir-Blur, was constructed.A cuneiform inscription has been found commemoratin...
Rusa II - Wikipedia
Kirta
Kirta is a legendary Hurrian king. He is thought to have founded the dynasty of Mitanni, but no contemporary inscriptions from his time are known to exist. He may have lived around 1500 BC.The Epic of...
Menua
Menua (Armenian: Մենուա) was the fifth known king of Urartu from c. 810 BC to approximately 786 BC.A younger son of the preceding Urartuan King, Ishpuini, Menua was adopted as co-ruler by his fath...
Artashumara
Artashumara was a Hurrian pretender to the throne of Mitanni in the fourteenth century BC. His reign was very short, or non-existent, before he was murdered. He was the brother of Tushratta, who succe...
Washukanni
Washukanni (or Waššukanni) was the capital of the Hurrian kingdom of Mitanni, from c. 1500 BC to the 13th century BC. Its precise location is unknown. A proposal that locates it under the so-far unexc...
Van Fortress
The Fortress of Van (Armenian: Վանի Բերդ, also known as Van Citadel, Turkish: Van Kalesi or Kurdish: Kela Wanê) is a massive stone fortification built by the ancient kingdom of Urartu during t...
Van Fortress - Wikipedia
Tell Leilan
Tell Leilan is an archaeological site situated near the Wadi Jarrah in the Khabur River basin in Al-Hasakah Governorate, northeastern Syria, a region formerly a part of ancient Assyria. The site has b...
Tell Leilan - Wikipedia
Shattuara II
Shattuara II, also spelled Šattuara II, was the last known king of the Hurrian kingdom of Hanigalbat (Mitanni) in the thirteenth century BC, before the Assyrian conquest.
Chagar Bazar
Chagar Bazar (Arabic: تل شاغربازار) is an ancient site in northern Syria, about 35 kilometers north of Al-Hasakah, occupied from the sixth to the second millennium BC. It is situated by the small rive...
List of rulers of Mitanni
Rulers of Mitanni - List of kings of Mittani in 16–13th BC
All dates must be taken with caution since they are worked out only by comparison with the chronology of other ancient Near Eastern natio...
List of rulers of Mitanni - Wikipedia
Harran
Harran (Turkish: Harran, Ottoman Turkish: حران,) was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 44 kilometers southeast of Şanlıurfa...
Harran - Wikipedia
Shuttarna III
Shuttarna III was a Mitanni king who reigned for a short period in the 14th century BC. He was the son of Artatama II, an usurper to the throne of Tushratta. Shuttarna sought support from the Assyrian...
Shuttarna III - Wikipedia
Arame of Urartu
Arame or Aramu (Armenian: Արամե) (ruled 858–844 BC) was the first known king of Urartu.Living at the time of King Shalmaneser III of Assyria (ruled 859–824 BC), Arame united the Nairi tribe against th...
Arame of Urartu - Wikipedia
Shuttarna II
Shuttarna II (or Šuttarna) was a king of the Hurrian kingdom of Mitanni in the early 14th century BC.Shuttarna was a descendant and probably a son of the great Mitannian king Artatama I. He was an all...
Shuttarna II - Wikipedia
Haykaberd
Haykaberd (Armenian: Հայկաբերդ; meaning "Fortress of Hayk"), currently known as (Turkish: Çavuştepe; also Sardurihinilli), is a fortified site in the Hayots Dzor (Armenian: Հայոց Ձոր; mean...
Haykaberd - Wikipedia
Tishdal
Tishdal was a Hurrian ruler from the Zagros mountains. According to David Rohl, he is identifiable with Tidal, king of Goyim from the Book of Genesis, 14:1. The word goyim in Biblical Hebrew can be tr...
Artatama II
Artatama II was a usurper to the throne of king Tushratta of Mitanni in the fourteenth century BC. He may have been a brother of Tushratta or belonged to a rival line of the royal house. The Hittite k...
Selardi
Selardi (Sielardi) is a lunar goddess of Urartu. She is counterpart to the Babylonian moon god, Sin. Nicholas Adontz theorizes that "Sielardi" name is derived from "Siela," meaning "woman" or "Sister,...
Tell Brak
Tell Brak, ancient Nagar, is a tell, or settlement mound, in the Upper Khabur area in Al-Hasakah Governorate, northeastern Syria. The site was occupied between the sixth and second millennia BC. At 40...
Tell Brak - Wikipedia
Naharin
Naharin, MdC transliteration nhrn, was the Ancient Egyptian term for the kingdom of Mitanni during the New Kingdom period of the 18th Dynasty. The New Kingdom 18th dynasty was in conflict with the kin...
Shattiwaza
Shattiwaza (Šattiwaza, Kurtiwaza, also Mattiwaza) was a king of the Hurrian kingdom of Mitanni in the fourteenth century BC.
Shattiwaza was the brother of king Tushratta. His Hurrian name was Kili...