Mongol invasion of Persia
The history of Iran, commonly known as Persia in the Western world, is intertwined with the history of a larger region, also known as Greater Iran, comprising the area from Anatolia and Egypt in the w...
Mongol invasion of Persia - Wikipedia
Cataphracts: Armored Warriors and their Horses of War
By the 7th and 8th centuries B.C., the role of the chariot in battle was gradually being replaced by cavalry units in the Near East. Some were armed lightly and were used to harass the enemy from afar...
Death of Tamerlane
In January the Scourge of God caught a cold. One of history’s most brutal butchers, now perhaps in his seventies, had set out with an army 200,000 strong from Samarqand, his capital, to try conclusion...
Elam
Elam was an ancient civilization located in what is now southwest Iran. Elam was centered in the far west and the southwest of modern-day Iran, stretching fr...
Seleucid Empire
The song is Λιανοτράγουδο - Lianotragoudo from Eleftheria Arvanitaki (ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΑ ΑΡΒΑΝΙΤΑΚΗ). After Alexander the Great conquered Northern India, defeating Po...
Archaeological sites in Iran
Some of the prehistoric archaeological sites of Iran are listed below:
Archaeological sites in Iran - Wikipedia
Tappeh Sialk
51°24′17″E / 33.968915°N 51.404738°E / 33.968915; 51.404738 (Sialk)Tepe Sialk (Persian: تپه سیلک‎) is a large ancient archeological site (a tepe or Persian tappe...
Tappeh Sialk - Wikipedia
Jiroft culture
A "Jiroft culture" has been postulated as an early Bronze Age (late 3rd millennium BC) archaeological culture, located in what is now Iran's Sistan and Kermān Provinces.The hypothesis is based on a co...
Jiroft culture - Wikipedia
Shahr-i Sokhta
Shahr-e Sūkhté (Persian: شهر سوخته‎, meaning "[The] Burnt City"), also spelled as Shahr-e Sukhteh and Shahr-i Shōkhta, is an archaeological site of a sizable Bronze Age urban settlement, associa...
Shahr-i Sokhta - Wikipedia
Jiroft civilization
A "Jiroft culture" has been postulated as an early Bronze Age (late 3rd millennium BC) archaeological culture, located in what is now Iran's Sistan and Kermān Provinces.The hypothesis is based on a co...
Jiroft civilization - Wikipedia
Elam
Elam (/ˈiːləm/) was an ancient Pre-Iranic civilization centered in the far west and southwest of what is now modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province as...
Elam - Wikipedia
Mannaeans
CEThe Mannaeans /məˈniːənz/ (country name usually Mannea; Akkadian: Mannai, possibly Biblical Minni, מנּי) were an ancient people who lived in the territory of present-day northwestern Iran south of ...
Median Empire
The Medes (/miːdz/, Old Persian Māda-, Ancient Greek: Μῆδοι, Hebrew: מָדַי) were an ancient Iranian people who lived in an area known as Media (North-western Iran and south-east Turkey) and who s...
Median Empire - Wikipedia
Seleucid Empire
CEThe Seleucid Empire (/sɪˈlʲuːsɪd/), was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty founded by Seleucus I Nicator following the division of the empire created by Alexander the Great. Seleucus...
Seleucid Empire - Wikipedia
Parthian Empire
The Parthian Empire (/ˈpɑrθiən/; 247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire /ˈɑrsəsɪd/, was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran. Its latter name comes from A...
Parthian Empire - Wikipedia
Caliphate
A caliphate (Arabic: خِلافة‎ khilāfa) is a form of Islamic government led by a caliph (Arabic: خَليفة‎ khalīfah  pronunciation )—a person considered a political and relig...
Caliphate - Wikipedia
Sultanate
Sultan (/ˈsʌltən/; Arabic: سلطان‎ Sulṭān, [sʊlˈtˤɑːn, solˈtˤɑːn]) is a noble title with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic language abstract noun meaning "strength", "...
Sultanate - Wikipedia
Islamic conquest of Iran
The Muslim conquest of Persia, also known as the Arab conquest of Iran led to the end of the Sasanian Empire in 651 and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran. Arabs first attacked t...
Islamic conquest of Iran - Wikipedia
Umayyads
The Umayyad Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة الأموية‎, trans. Al-Ḫilāfat al-ʾumawiyya) was the second of the four major Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. This ca...
Umayyads - Wikipedia
Abbasid
The Abbasid Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة العباسية‎ al-Khilāfah al-‘Abbāsīyah), was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Abbasid dynasty descended fr...
Abbasid - Wikipedia
Tahirids
CEThe Tahirid dynasty (Persian: سلسله‏ی طاهریان‎) was a dynasty, of Persian dihqan origin, that governed the Abbasid province of Khorasan from 821 to 873, and the city of Baghdad from 820 until...
Tahirids - Wikipedia
Saffarids
The Saffarids (Persian: سلسله صفاریان‎) were a Muslim Persianate dynasty from Sistan that ruled over parts of eastern Iran, Khorasan, Afghanistan and Balochistan from 861 to 1003. The dynasty, o...
Saffarids - Wikipedia
Ziyarids
The Ziyarid dynasty (Persian: زیاریان‎) was an Dailamite dynasty that ruled Tabaristan from 930 to 1090, and at its greatest extent, ruled much of present-day western and northern Iran.
The ...
Ziyarids - Wikipedia
Samanids
The Samanid dynasty (Persian: سامانیان‎, Sāmāniyān), also known as the Samanid Empire, or simply Samanids (819–999), was a Sunni Persian Empire in Central Asia, named after its founder ...
Samanids - Wikipedia
Buyids
The Buyid dynasty or the Buyids (Persian: آل بویه‎ Āl-e Buye), also known as Buwaihids, Bowayhids, Buyahids, or Buyyids, was a Shia dynasty which originated from Lahijan in Dailam.The Buyid dyna...
Buyids - Wikipedia
Islamization in Iran
The Islamization of Iran occurred as a result of the Islamic conquest of Persia. It was a long process by which Islam, though long rejected, was gradually accepted by the majority of the population. O...
Islamic Golden Age
The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period in the history of Islam during the Middle Ages when much of the Muslim world was ruled by various caliphates, experiencing a scientific, economic, and cultu...
Islamic Golden Age - Wikipedia
Shu'ubiyya
Shu'ubiyyah (Arabic: الشعوبية‎) refers to the response by non-Arab Muslims to the privileged status of Arabs within the Ummah.
The name of the movement is derived from the Qur'anic use o...
Ghaznavids
CEThe Ghaznavid dynasty (Persian: غزنویان‎) was a Persianate Muslim dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin at their greatest extent ruling large parts of Persia, much of Transoxania, and the ...
Ghaznavids - Wikipedia
Great Seljuq
CEThe Seljuq dynasty (Persian: سلجوقيان‎ Saljūqiyān; Turkish: Selçuklular; Turkmen: Selçuklar) was a Turkish Sunni Muslim dynasty that gradually adopted Persian culture and contributed ...
Great Seljuq - Wikipedia