Motivations of the September 11 attacks
The attacks of September 11, 2001 in the northeast United States were an organized terrorist act carried out by 19 hijackers, and organized by numerous members of al-Qaeda. Motives for the attacks we...
Motivations of the September 11 attacks - Wikipedia
Fatawa of Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden authored two fatāwā in the late 1990s. The first was published in August 1996 and the second in February 1998. At the time, bin Laden was not a wanted man in any country except his n...
Videos and audio recordings of Osama bin Laden
There were several video and audio recordings released by Osama bin Laden between 2001 and 2011. Most of the tapes were released directly (by mail or messenger) to Arabic language satellite television...
Videos and audio recordings of Osama bin Laden - Wikipedia
Videos of Ayman al-Zawahiri
There have been several video and audio recordings released by Ayman al-Zawahiri. Many of the al-Zawahiri tapes have been released directly (by mail or messenger) to Arabic language satellite televisi...
Iraq sanctions
The sanctions against Iraq were a near-total financial and trade embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council on the Iraqi Republic. They began August 6, 1990, four days after Iraq's invasio...
Iraq sanctions - Wikipedia
Operation Southern Watch
Operation Southern Watch was an military operation conducted by the United States Department of Defense. United States Central Command's Joint Task Force Southwest Asia (JTF-SWA) had the mission of mo...
Operation Southern Watch - Wikipedia
Israel - United States military relations
Military relations between Israel and the United States have been consistently close, reflecting shared security interests in the Middle East. A major purchaser and user of U.S. military equipment, Is...
Israel - United States military relations - Wikipedia
Antisemitism
Antisemitism (also spelled Anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is prejudice against, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews as a national, ethnic, religious or racial group. A person who holds such pos...
Antisemitism - Wikipedia
Pan-Islamism
Pan-Islamism (Arabic: الوحدة الإسلامية‎) is a political movement advocating the unity of Muslims under one Islamic state – often a Caliphate – or an international organization similar to a E...
Secularism in the Middle East
The definition and application of Secularism, especially the place of religion in society, varies among Muslim countries as it does among European countries and the United States. Secularism is oft...
Islam and modernity
Islam and modernity is a topic of discussion in contemporary sociology of religion. The history of Islam chronicles different interpretations and approaches. Modernity is a complex and multidimensiona...
British Jews
British Jews (often referred to collectively as Anglo-Jewry) are British people of Jewish descent who maintain a connection to the Jewish community, either through actively practising Judaism or throu...
British Jews - Wikipedia
Islamic Modernism
Islamic Modernism, also known as Modernist Salafism, is a movement that has been described as "the first Muslim ideological response" attempting to reconcile Islamic faith with modern Western values ...
Christianity and antisemitism
Christianity and antisemitism deals with the hostility of Christian Churches, Christian groups, and by Christians in general to Judaism and the Jewish people. Christian rhetoric and antipathy towards ...
Christianity and antisemitism - Wikipedia
Mujahideen
Mujahideen (Arabic: المجاهدين‎) is the plural form of mujahid (Arabic: مجاهد‎), the term for one engaged in Jihad.In English usage, it refers to the guerrilla type military outfits...
New antisemitism
New antisemitism is the concept that a new form of antisemitism has developed in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, emanating simultaneously from the far-left, radical Islam, and the far-right, a...
New antisemitism - Wikipedia
History of antisemitism in the United States
Historians have long debated the extent of antisemitism in America's past and contrasted American antisemitism with its European counterpart. Earlier students of American Jewish life minimized the pre...
History of antisemitism in the United States - Wikipedia
Antisemitism in Sweden
Sweden has a Jewish community of around 20,000, which makes it the 7th largest in the European Union. Yiddish has legal status as one of the country's official minority languages. The first Jewish mem...
Liberal movements within Islam
Liberal movements within Islam involve professed Muslims who have produced a considerable body of liberal thought on the re-interpretation and reform of Islamic understanding and practice. Their work ...
Liberal movements within Islam - Wikipedia
Arab Mujahideen in Chechnya
The Arab Mujahideen in Chechnya (Arabic: المجاهدين العرب في الشيشان‎, Al-Moojahadeen Al-'Arab fee Al-Shishan; Russian: Арабские моджахеды в Чечне, Arabskiye Muzhakhady v Chechnye) is an...
Secularism in Bangladesh
Secularism (Bengali: ধর্ম নিরপেক্ষতা) is one of the four fundamental principles according to the original Constitution of Bangladesh in 1972. The secularism principle was removed from the constitu...
Secularism in Bangladesh - Wikipedia
Secularism in Egypt
Secularism in Egypt has had a very important role to play in both the history of Egypt and that of the Middle East. Egypt’s first experience of Secularism started with the British Occupation (1882–195...
History of the Jews in Turkey
The history of the Jews in Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Yahudileri, Turkish Jews; Hebrew: יהדות טורקיה‎, Ladino: Djudios Turkos) covers the 2,400 years that Jews have lived in what is now Tu...
History of the Jews in Turkey - Wikipedia
Secularism in Iran
Secularism in Iran was established as state policy shortly after Rezā Shāh was crowned Shah in 1924. He made any public display or expression of religious faith, including the wearing of the headscarf...
Secularism in Turkey
Secularism in Turkey defines the relationship between religion and state in the country of Turkey. Secularism (or laicity) was first introduced with the 1928 amendment of the Constitution of 1924, whi...
Secularism in Turkey - Wikipedia
Israeli Air Force
The Israeli Air Force (IAF; זְרוֹעַ הַאֲוִויר וְהַחָלָל, Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal, "Air and Space Arm", commonly known as חֵיל הַאֲוִויר, Kheil HaAvir, "Air Corps") operates as the aerial warfare branch ...
Israeli Air Force - Wikipedia
Military equipment of Israel
The military equipment of Israel includes a wide array of arms, armored vehicles, tanks, artillery, missiles, planes, helicopters, and warships. Many of these are purchased overseas and many are indig...
Sept 20 2007 Osama bin Laden tape
Nine days after Osama bin Laden released his latest video, September 11, 2007 Osama bin Laden video, on the sixth anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks on New York and Washington, he released ...
Islamic International Brigade
The Islamic International Peacekeeping Brigade (IIPB), also known as The Islamic International Brigade, the Islamic Peacekeeping Army, was the name of an international Islamist mujahideen military org...