Muhammad in Mecca
The Islamic prophet Muhammad was born and lived in Mecca for the first 52 years of his life (570–622). Orphaned early in life, he became known as a prominent merchant, and as an impartial and trustwor...
Muhammad in Mecca - Wikipedia
Historiography of early Islam
The historiography of early Islam refers to the study of the early history of Islam during the 7th century, from Muhammad's first revelations in AD 610 until the disintegration of the Rashidun Calip...
Pre-Islamic Arabia
Pre-Islamic Arabia refers to the Arabian Peninsula prior to the rise of Islam in the 630s. Some of the settled communities developed into distinctive civilizations. Sources for these civilizations are...
Pre-Islamic Arabia - Wikipedia
Jahiliyyah
Jahiliyyah (Arabic: جاهلية‎ ǧāhiliyyah/jāhilīyah "ignorance") is an Islamic concept of "ignorance of divine guidance" or "the state of ignorance of the guidance from God" or "Days of Ignoran...
Year of the Elephant
The Year of the Elephant (Arabic: عام الفيل‎, ʿĀmu l-Fīl) is the name in Islamic history for the year approximately equating to 570 CE. According to Islamic tradition, it was in this year t...
Hilf al-Fudul
Hilf al-Fudul (Arabic: حلف الفضول‎) was a 7th-century alliance created by various Meccans, including the Islamic prophet Muhammad, to establish fair commercial dealing. Because of Muhammad's...
Genealogy of Khadijah's daughters
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, the first wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, had six children. Some Shia dispute whether all of the children were born in her marriage to Muhammad, or if three of the four ...
Muhammad's first revelation
According to Islam, Muhammad's first revelation was the event in which Muhammad was visited by the Arch-angel Gabriel who revealed to him a verse from the Quran. The event took place in a cave called...
Wahy
Wahi (Arabic: وحي‎ waḥy, [waħj]) is the Arabic word for revelation. In Islamic belief, revelations are God's Word delivered by His chosen individuals – known as Messengers prophets – to the ...
Persecution of Muslims by the Meccans
In the early days of Islam at Mecca, the new Muslims were often subjected to abuse and persecution.
Sumayyah bint Khabbab, and her husband Yasir were tortured to death by Abu Jahl. Muhammad was pr...
Migration to Abyssinia
The Migration to Abyssinia (Arabic: الهجرة إلى الحبشة‎ al-hijraʾilā al-hābsḥa) or the First Hijrah (Arabic: هِجْرَة‎ hijrah, or hijrat) was an episode in in the early history of Is...
Migration to Abyssinia - Wikipedia
Second migration to Abyssinia
Following the migration and return of the most Sahabas from the First migration to Abyssinia (Sa'd ibn abi Waqqas and some did not return but left Abyssinia by sea for preaching overseas to east Asia)...
Second migration to Abyssinia - Wikipedia
Second and third deputation with Abu Talib
Following the failed attempt from the Meccan polytheists to have those Muslims who were part of the second migration to Abyssinia expelled and handed back to their persecutors, the Meccans tried to ne...
Meccan boycott of the Hashemites
According to tradition, in 617 the leaders of Makhzum and Banu Abd-Shams, two important clans of Quraysh, declared a public boycott against the clan of Banu Hashim, their commercial rival, in order to...
Year of Sorrow
The Year of Sorrow (Aam-ul-Huzn) is an Islamic term for a Hijri year that coincided with 619 or 623 CE. It is called so since both Abu Talib and Khadijah—the Islamic prophet Muhammad's uncle and first...
Muhammad's visit to Ta'if
Muhammad went to the city of Ta’if and invited the people there to Islam.
Initially the preaching of Islam by Muhammad had been confined to Mecca, and his success was rather modest, limited to 170...
Muhammad's visit to Ta'if - Wikipedia
Isra and Mi'raj
The Isra and Miraj (Arabic: الإسراء والمعراج‎, al-’Isrā’ wal-Mi‘rāj), are the two parts of a Night Journey or Shab-e-Me`raj that, according to Islamic tradition, the prophet of Islam, Muhamm...
Isra and Mi'raj - Wikipedia
Second pledge at al-Aqabah
The Second pledge at al-Aqabah was an important event that preceded the Migration to Medina.
Converts to Islam came from nearly all Arab tribes present in Medina, such that by June of the subseque...
Hijra (Islam)
The "Hijra" (Arabic: هِجْرَة‎ hijrah), also Hijrat or Hegira, is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in June 622 CE.
In 622 CE...
Hijra (Islam) - Wikipedia
Qutbism
Qutbism (also called Kotebism, Qutbiyya, or Qutbiyyah) is an Islamist ideology developed by late Sayyid Qutb, a Muslim, and figurehead of the Muslim Brotherhood (he was executed in 1966).It has been d...
Migration to Medina
The Hijra (Arabic: هِجْرَة‎ hijrah), also Hijrat or Hegira, is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in June 622 CE.
In 622 CE, ...
Migration to Medina - Wikipedia
History of the Levant
The Levant is a geographical term that refers to a large area in Southwest Asia, south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the west, the Arabian Desert in the south, and Mesop...
Ghassanids
The Ghassanids (Arabic: الغساسنة‎;al-Ghasāsinah, also Banū Ghassān "Sons of Ghassān") were a group of Arabs descended from the Azd tribes, that emigrated in the early 3rd century from the Southe...
Ghassanids - Wikipedia
Palmyra
Palmyra /ˌpælˈmaɪərə/, (Aramaic: ܬܕܡܘܪܬܐ‎; Arabic: تدمر‎; Hebrew: תַּדְמוֹר‎; Ancient Greek: Παλμύρα), was an ancient Semitic city of disputed etymology, located in Homs Gov...
Palmyra - Wikipedia
Syria (Roman province)
Syria was an early Roman province, annexed to the Roman Republic in 64 BC by Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War following the defeat of Armenian King Tigranes the Great. Following the partition of th...
Syria (Roman province) - Wikipedia
Prophetic biography
The Sīrat Rasūl Allāh (Life of the Messenger of God; Arabic: سيرة رسول الله‎) or Al-sīra al-Nabawiyya (Prophetic biography; Arabic: السيرة النبوية‎) or just Al-sīra, is the Arabic ...
Qataban
Qataban or Katabania (Arabic,مملكة قتبان) was one of the ancient Yemeni kingdoms. Its heartland was located in the Baihan valley. Like some other Southern Arabian kingdoms it gained great wealth from ...
Qataban - Wikipedia
Ancient Semitic religion
Ancient Semitic religion encompasses the polytheistic religions of the Semitic speaking peoples of the ancient Near East and Northeast Africa. Its origins are intertwined with Mesopotamian mythology. ...
Sassanid Empire
The Sasanian Empire (/səˈsɑːnɪən/ or /səˈseɪnɪən/; also known as Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire), known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr and Ērān in Middle Persian, was the...
Sassanid Empire - Wikipedia