Munich massacre
The Munich massacre was an attack during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, on eleven Israeli Olympic team members, who were taken hostage and eventually killed, along with a German pol...
Munich massacre - Wikipedia
Operation Wrath of God
Operation "Wrath of God" (Hebrew: מבצע זעם האל‎ Mivtza Za'am Ha'el), also known as Operation "Bayonet", was a covert operation directed by the Mossad to assassinate individuals suspected of bein...
Operation Spring of Youth
35°32′E / 33.9°N 35.53°E / 33.9; 35.53The 1973 Israeli raid on Lebanon (known as Operation Spring of Youth, part of Operation Wrath of God) took place on the night of April 9 ...
Black September (group)
The Black September Organization (BSO) (Arabic: منظمة أيلول الأسود‎, Munaẓẓamat Aylūl al-aswad) was a Palestinian organization founded in 1970. It was responsible for the fatal kidnapping an...
Yakov Springer
Yakov Springer (ca. 1921 – September 6, 1972), was a wrestler and a weightlifting coach and judge, but is best known as one of the victims of the Munich massacre at the 1972 Summer Olympics.Duri...
Amitzur Shapira
Amitzur Shapira (Hebrew: עמיצור שפירא‎; July 9, 1932 - September 6, 1972) was an Israeli sprinter and long jumper in the 1950s and a coach for the Israeli track and field team at the 1972 Summe...
Visions of Eight
Visions of Eight is a 1973 American documentary film, produced by David L. Wolper and Stan Margulies, offering a stylized look at the 1972 Summer Olympics, directed by eight different directors. It w...
Visions of Eight - Wikipedia
Erika Chambers
Erika Chambers is the assumed pseudonym of the Mossad agent behind the action on January 22, 1979 that killed Ali Hassan Salameh, leader of Black September and lead plotter behind the Munich massacre....
Michael Harari
Michael "Mike" Harari (February 18, 1927 – September 21, 2014) was an Israeli intelligence officer in the Mossad. He was involved in several notable operations, including the failed Lillehammer affa...
Jamal Al-Gashey
Jamal Al-Gashey (Arabic: جمال الجاشي‎; born 1953?) was a member of the Black September offshoot of the Palestine Liberation Organization and is the last surviving member of the group of eigh...
Dan Alon
Dan Alon (Hebrew: דן אלון‎; born 28 March 1945) is a former Israeli fencer. He competed in the individual foil event at the 1972 Summer Olympics. He was placed fourth in round one with three win...