Neuromodulation
Neuromodulation is the physiological process by which a given neuron uses one or more neurotransmitters to regulate diverse populations of neurons. This is in contrast to classical synaptic transmissi...
Running Helps Mice Slow Cancer Growth
Here's one more benefit of exercise: mice who spent their free time on a running wheel were better able to shrink tumors (a 50 percent reduction in tumor size) compared to their less active counterpar...
Only The Lonely - A Surprise Role For Dopamine In Social Interplay
Scientists have shown that the chemical signal dopamine plays an unexpected role in social interactions. In mice, nerve cells in the brain that release dopamine become particularly active in animals k...
The Dopamine Connection Between Schizophrenia And Creativity
Schizophrenia symptoms generally first appear between ages 16 and 30, though men can have symptoms — such as hallucinations and delusions — before women do. Auditory hallucinations, in which sufferers...
Neuron Responsible For Alcoholism Found
Scientists at the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine have pinpointed a population of neurons in the brain that influences whether one drink leads to two. This work could ultimately le...
Possible New Weapon Against PTSD
About 8 million Americans suffer from nightmares and flashbacks to a traumatic event. This condition, known as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), is particularly common among soldiers who have bee...
New Study Uncovers How Common White Fat Can Be Turned Into Energy-Nurning Brown Fat In Humans
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have discovered, for the first time in humans, that the widely reviled energy storing white fat can be turned into an energy burnin...
Commonly Prescribed Drugs Affect Decisions To Harm Oneself And Others
Healthy people given the serotonin-enhancing antidepressant citalopram were willing to pay almost twice as much to prevent harm to themselves or others than those given placebo drugs in a moral decisi...
UCI Neurobiologists Restore Youthful Vigor To Adult Brains
They say you can’t teach an old dog new tricks. The same can be said of the adult brain. Its connections are hard to change, while in children, novel experiences rapidly mold new connections during cr...
Epinephrine
Epinephrine (also known as adrenaline, adrenalin, or β,3,4-trihydroxy-N-methylphenethylamine) is a hormone and a neurotransmitter. Epinephrine and norepinephrine are two separate but related hormones ...
Epinephrine - Wikipedia
Norepinephrine
Norepinephrine (INN) (abbreviated norepi or NE), also called noradrenaline (BAN) (abbreviated NA, NAd, or norad), or 4,5-β-trihydroxy phenethylamine is a catecholamine with multiple roles including th...
Norepinephrine - Wikipedia
Dopamine
Dopamine (contracted from 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine) is a hormone (also known as Prolactin Inhibiting Hormone/Factor - PIH or PIF) and neurotransmitter of the catecholamine and phenethylamine famili...
Dopamine - Wikipedia
Serotonin
Serotonin /ˌsɛrəˈtoʊnɨn/ or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter. Biochemically derived from tryptophan, serotonin is primarily found in the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), bl...
Serotonin - Wikipedia
Cholinergic
In general, the word choline refers to the various quaternary ammonium salts containing the N,N,N-trimethylethanolammonium cation. Found in most animal tissues, choline is a primary component of the n...
Opioid peptide
Opioid peptides are short sequences of amino acids that bind to opioid receptors in the brain; opiates and opioids mimic the effect of these peptides. Opioid peptides may be produced by the body itsel...
Gamma-Aminobutyric acid
γ-Aminobutyric acid (/ˈɡæmə əˈmiːnoʊbjuːˈtɪrɨk ˈæsɨd/; or GABA /ˈɡæbə/) is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. It plays the principal role in reducing neuron...
Gamma-Aminobutyric acid - Wikipedia
Running Helps Mice Slow Cancer Growth
Here's one more benefit of exercise: mice who spent their free time on a running wheel were better able to shrink tumors (a 50 percent reduction in tumor size) compared to their less active counterpar...
Only The Lonely - A Surprise Role For Dopamine In Social Interplay
Scientists have shown that the chemical signal dopamine plays an unexpected role in social interactions. In mice, nerve cells in the brain that release dopamine become particularly active in animals k...
Possible New Weapon Against PTSD
About 8 million Americans suffer from nightmares and flashbacks to a traumatic event. This condition, known as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), is particularly common among soldiers who have bee...
Cardiac fibrosis
Cardiac fibrosis may refer to an abnormal thickening of the heart valves due to inappropriate proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts but more commonly refers to the proliferation of fibroblasts in the c...
UCI Neurobiologists Restore Youthful Vigor To Adult Brains
They say you can’t teach an old dog new tricks. The same can be said of the adult brain. Its connections are hard to change, while in children, novel experiences rapidly mold new connections during cr...
Responsive neurostimulation device
Responsive neurostimulation device or RNS system is a responsive direct brain stimulation treatment for adults with medically refractory epilepsy. The RNS System utilizes a neurostimulator implanted i...
Serotonylation
Serotonylation is a receptor independent signaling mechanism by which serotonin activates intracellular processes by creating long lasting covalent bonds upon proteins. It occurs through the modificat...
Adrenergic
Adrenergic means "working on adrenaline (epinephrine) or noradrenaline (norepinephrine)".For instance, regarding proteins:And, regarding drugs:
Dopaminergic pathways
Dopaminergic pathways, sometimes called dopaminergic projections, are neural pathways in the brain that transmit the neurotransmitter dopamine from one region of the brain to another. The neurons of t...
Serotonin syndrome
Serotonin syndrome is a potential symptom of any number of life-threatening drug interactions which may follow therapeutic drug use, combination, overdose of particular drugs, or the recreational use ...
MAOI
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are chemicals which inhibit the activity of the monoamine oxidase enzyme family. They have a long history of use as medications prescribed for the treatment of dep...
MAOI - Wikipedia
SSRI
Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors or serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a class of compounds typically used as antidepressants in the treatment of major depressive disorder and...
SSRI - Wikipedia
Major depressive disorder
Major depressive disorder (MDD) (also known as clinical depression, major depression, unipolar depression, or unipolar disorder; or as recurrent depression in the case of repeated episodes) is a menta...
Major depressive disorder - Wikipedia
Adrenergic receptor
The adrenergic receptors (or adrenoceptors) are a class of G protein-coupled receptors that are targets of the catecholamines, especially norepinephrine (noradrenaline) and epinephrine (adrenaline).Ma...
L-DOPA
-DOPA (/ˌɛlˈdoʊpə/ or /ˌlɛvoʊˈdoʊpə/) (alt., -3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) is a chemical that is made and used as part of the normal biology of humans, some animals and plants. Some animals and humans ...
L-DOPA - Wikipedia