Nilo-Saharan languages
The Nilo-Saharan languages are a proposed family of African languages spoken by some 50 million people, mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers, including historic Nubia, north of where...
Nilo-Saharan languages - Wikipedia
Berta languages
The Berta languages, traditionally considered dialects of a single language, are Gebeto (Berta proper), Fadashi, and Undu. They are a primary branch of the Nilo-Saharan language family.
Berta languages - Wikipedia
Central Sudanic languages
Central Sudanic is a family of about sixty languages which have been included in the proposed Nilo-Saharan language family. Central Sudanic languages are spoken in the Central African Republic, Chad, ...
Central Sudanic languages - Wikipedia
Eastern Sudanic languages
In most classifications, the Eastern Sudanic languages are a group of nine families of languages that may constitute a branch of the Nilo-Saharan language family. Eastern Sudanic languages are spoken ...
Eastern Sudanic languages - Wikipedia
Fur languages
The Fur or For languages constitute a small, closely related family which are a proposed member of the Nilo-Saharan family. Fur in western Sudan had 500,000 speakers in 1983 (before the Darfur crisis)...
Kadu languages
The Kadu languages, also known as Kadugli–Krongo or Tumtum, are a small language family, once included in Kordofanian but since Thilo Schadeberg (1981) widely seen as Nilo-Saharan. However, there is l...
Komuz languages
Nilo-Saharan specialists have vacillated on a genealogical relationship between the Koman and Gumuz languages of Ethiopia and (South) Sudan, a relationship called Komuz. Greenberg (1963) had included ...
Komuz languages - Wikipedia
Kuliak languages
The Kuliak languages—Ik, Soo, and Nyang'i—are spoken by small relict communities in the mountains of northeastern Uganda. Bender (1989) had classified them within the Eastern Sudanic languages, but by...
Kuliak languages - Wikipedia
Kunama languages
The Kunama languages, traditionally considered dialects of a single language, are Kunama proper, Bitama, and Ilit. They are a primary branch of the proposed Nilo-Saharan language family.
Maban languages
The Maban languages are a small family of languages which have been included in the proposed Nilo-Saharan family. Maban languages are spoken in Chad, the Central African Republic, Sudan (Darfur), and...
Saharan languages
The Saharan languages are a small family of languages spoken across parts of the eastern Sahara, extending from northwestern Darfur to southern Libya, north and central Chad, eastern Niger and northea...
Saharan languages - Wikipedia
Songhay languages
The Songhay or Songhai languages (pronounced [soŋaj], or [soŋoj] are a group of closely related languages/dialects centered on the middle stretches of the Niger River in the west African states of Mal...
Karanga language
Karanga is a Maban language language of Chad spoken by four peoples, each with their own dialect: the Karanga (Kurunga), Kashmere (Kachmere), Bakha (Baxa, Bakhat) AKA Fala (Faala), and Koniéré (Konyar...
Ilit language
Ilit (Iiliit) is a divergent variety of Kunama that is mutually unintelligible enough to be considered a distinct language. It is spoken by the Kunama people who straddle the western Eritrean–Ethiopia...
Kanga language
Kanga is a Kadu language spoken in Kordofan. Kufo, Abu Sinun, Chiroro, Krongo Abdullah, and Kanga proper are dialects.
Kadugli language
Kadugli, also Katcha-Kadugli-Miri or Central Kadu, is a Kadu language or dialect cluster spoken in Kordofan. Stevenson treats the varieties as dialects of one language, and they share a single ISO cod...
Tondi Songway Kiini
Tondi Songway Kiini is a variety of Southern Songhai spoken in several villages in the area of Kikara, Mali, about 120 km west of Hombori. It was discovered in 1998.
Kaado language
Kaado is a recently described Songhay language of Niger, located upriver from the socially dominant Zarma language. It has traditionally been considered a dialect of Zarma, the name used for all Songh...
Sungor language
The Sungor language is a Nilo-Saharan language spoken in western Sudan and eastern Chad. Primarily it is spoken in Chad. It is a member of the Taman language group of the Western branch of Nilo-Sahara...
Dendi language
Dendi is a Songhay language used as a trade language across northern Benin (along the Niger River; Donga and Alibori provinces, e.g. Djougou, Kandi). It forms a dialect cluster with Zarma and Songhai ...
Korandje language
Korandje (Kwaranje; kwạṛa n dzyəy, Arabic: البلبالية‎) is by far the most northerly of the Songhay languages. It is spoken around the oasis of Tabelbala by about 3000 people; its name liter...
Temein language
Temein, also known as Ron(g)e, is an Eastern Sudanic language spoken by the Temein people of the Nuba Hills in Sudan.Ronge is an approximation of the endonym. Stevenson reports the people are ɔ̀rɔ́ŋɡɔ...
Sudanic languages
In early 20th century classification of African languages, Sudanic was a generic term for languages spoken in the Sahel belt, from Ethiopia in the east to Senegal in the west.
The grouping was bas...
Sudanic languages - Wikipedia
Nara language
The Nara (Nera) or Barea (Barya) language is a Nilo-Saharan language spoken chiefly in western Eritrea. The language is often confused with Kunama, which is at best only distantly related. According t...
Krongo language
Krongo, also spelled Korongo or Kurungu and known as Dimodongo, Kadumodi, or Tabanya after local towns, is a Kadu language spoken in Kordofan. Fama is a dialect.
Taman languages
The Taman languages form a branch of the Eastern Sudanic language family. They are Tama and Sungor (or Erenga), spoken in Chad and Sudan, and Mararit, spoken only in Chad.Blench separates Mararit into...
Aiki language
Aiki is a Maban language language of Chad. It consists of two dialects, Runga and Kibet, which are divergent enough to be considered separate languages. Kibet (Kibeit, Kibeet, Kabentang) is spoken in ...
Koyra Chiini
Koyra Chiini ([kojra tʃiːni], figuratively "town language"), or Western Songhay, is a member of the Songhay languages spoken in Mali by about 200,000 people (in 1999) along the Niger River in Timbuktu...
Keiga language
Keiga or Yega is a Kadu language spoken in Kordofan. Dialects are Demik (Rofik) and Keiga proper (Aigang).
Dara language
Dara, also known as Gbaya-Dara, is a Central Sudanic language of South Sudan. It is one of the Kresh languages, generally considered a dialect of Kresh. Though it is commonly called Gbaya, it is not ...