Northern Crusades
The Northern Crusades or Baltic Crusades were crusades undertaken by the Christian kings of Denmark, Poland and Sweden, the German Livonian and Teutonic military orders, and their allies against the p...
Northern Crusades - Wikipedia
Wendish Crusade
The Wendish Crusade (German: Wendenkreuzzug) was a military campaign in 1147, one of the Northern Crusades and a part of the Second Crusade, led primarily by the Kingdom of Germany within the Holy...
Wendish Crusade - Wikipedia
Livonian Crusade
The Livonian Crusade refers to the German and Danish conquest of medieval Livonia, the territory constituting modern Latvia and Estonia, during the Northern Crusades. The lands on the eastern shores o...
Livonian Crusade - Wikipedia
Prussian Crusade
The Prussian Crusade was a series of 13th-century campaigns of Roman Catholic crusaders, primarily led by the Teutonic Knights, to Christianize the pagan Old Prussians. Invited after earlier unsuccess...
Prussian Crusade - Wikipedia
Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights
The State of the Teutonic Order (German: Staat des Deutschen Ordens; Latin: Civitas Ordinis Theutonici), also called Deutschordensstaat ([ˈdɔʏtʃ ɔɐdənsˌʃtaːt]) or Ordensstaat ([ˈɔɐdənsˌʃtaːt])...
Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights - Wikipedia
Second Swedish Crusade
The Second Swedish Crusade was a Swedish military expedition to areas in present-day Finland by Birger Jarl in the 13th century. As a result of the crusade, Finland became part of Sweden for the next ...
Second Swedish Crusade - Wikipedia
Wibald
Wibald (Latin: Wibaldus abbas Stabulensis et Corbeiensis) (early 1098 – 19 July 1158) was a 12th-century Abbot of Stavelot (Stablo) and Malmedy, both in present-day Belgium, and of Corvey in Germa...
Dobrzyń Land
Dobrzyń Land (Polish: ziemia dobrzyńska) is a historic region, with the capital in the town of Dobrzyń nad Wisłą, in central-northern Poland, within the Greater Poland, between Mazovia and Prussia...
Dobrzyń Land - Wikipedia
Otto von Lutterberg
Otto von Lutterberg (died 16 February 1270) was the Ordensmeister of the Livonian Order of the Teutonic Knights from 1266 to 1270, and was in command of the Livonian Order in 1268 when the Knights wer...
John of Bohemia
John the Blind (Luxembourgish: Jang de Blannen; German: Johann der Blinde von Luxemburg; Czech: Jan Lucemburský) (10 August 1296 – 26 August 1346) was the Count of Luxembourg from 1309 and King of Boh...
John of Bohemia - Wikipedia
Vyachko of Koknese
Vyachko of Koknese, also Vetseke of Kokenhusen (Latin: Rex Vesceka de Kukenois, Latvian: Vetseke, Russian: Вячко) was the ruler of the Principality of Koknese in present-day Latvia, a vass...
State of the Teutonic Order
The State of the Teutonic Order (German: Staat des Deutschen Ordens; Latin: Civitas Ordinis Theutonici), also called Deutschordensstaat ([ˈdɔʏtʃ ɔɐdənsˌʃtaːt]) or Ordensstaat ([ˈɔɐdənsˌʃtaːt])...
State of the Teutonic Order - Wikipedia
Terra Mariana
Terra Mariana (Land of Mary) was the official name for Medieval Livonia or Old Livonia (German: Alt-Livland, Estonian: Vana-Liivimaa, Latvian: Livonija), which was formed in the aftermath...
Terra Mariana - Wikipedia
Niklot
Niklot or Nyklot (1090 – August 1160) was a pagan chief or prince of the Slavic Obotrites and an ancestor of the House of Mecklenburg. From 1130 or 1131 until his death he was chief of the Obotrite co...
Niklot - Wikipedia
William I, Count of Holland
William I (c. 1167, The Hague – 4 February 1222), Count of Holland from 1203 to 1222. He was the younger son of Floris III and Ada of Huntingdon.
William was raised in Scotland. He started a...
William I, Count of Holland - Wikipedia
Order of Dobrzyń
The Order of Dobrzyń (Polish: Zakon Dobrzyński) or Order of Dobrin (German: Orden von Dobrin), also known as a the Brothers of Dobrzyń (Polish: Bracia Dobrzyńscy), was a military order cre...
Order of Dobrzyń - Wikipedia
Otto, Duke of Austria
Otto IV, the Merry (July 23, 1301 – February 17, 1339) was a Duke of Austria and the youngest son of Albert I of Germany and Elisabeth of Tirol.Otto was born in Vienna. He had two brothers, namely Fre...
Otto, Duke of Austria - Wikipedia
Swedish–Novgorodian Wars
Swedish–Novgorodian Wars were a series of conflicts in the 12th and 13th centuries between the Republic of Novgorod and medieval Sweden over control of the Gulf of Finland, an area vital to the Hanse...
Swedish–Novgorodian Wars - Wikipedia
Jean Le Maingre
Jean II Le Maingre (in Old French, Jehan le Meingre), called Boucicaut (August 28, 1366 — June 21, 1421) was marshal of France and a knight renowned for his military skill. He was the son of marshal J...
Jean Le Maingre - Wikipedia
Livonian Brothers of the Sword
The Livonian Brothers of the Sword (Latin: Fratres militiæ Christi Livoniae, German: Schwertbrüderorden) were a military order established by their second bishop, Bishop Albert of Riga, in 120...
Livonian Brothers of the Sword - Wikipedia
Oeselians
The Oeselians or Osilians were a historical subdivision of Estonians inhabiting Saaremaa (Latin: Oesel or Osilia), an Estonian island in the Baltic Sea. In modern Estonian, they are called saarlas...
Oeselians - Wikipedia
First Swedish Crusade
The First Swedish Crusade was a possibly mythical military expedition around 1150 that has traditionally been seen as the conquest of Finland by Sweden, with pagan Finns converting to Christianity. Ac...
Hartwig of Uthlede
Hartwig of Uthlede (died 3 November 1207) was a German nobleman who – as Hartwig II – Prince-Archbishop of Bremen (1185–1190 and de facto again 1192–1207) and one of the originators of the Livonian Cr...