Optimization
In mathematics, computer science, economics, or management science, mathematical optimization (alternatively, optimization or mathematical programming) is the selection of a best element (with regard ...
Optimization - Wikipedia
Faster Optimization
Optimization problems are everywhere in engineering: Balancing design tradeoffs is an optimization problem, as are scheduling and logistical planning. The theory — and sometimes the implementation — o...
Optimization problem
In mathematics and computer science, an optimization problem is the problem of finding the best solution from all feasible solutions. Optimization problems can be divided into two categories depending...
Multiobjective optimization
Multi-objective optimization (also known as multi-objective programming, vector optimization, multicriteria optimization, multiattribute optimization or Pareto optimization) is an area of multiple cri...
Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions
In mathematical optimization, the Karush–Kuhn–Tucker (KKT) conditions (also known as the Kuhn–Tucker conditions) are first order necessary conditions for a solution in nonlinear programming to be opti...
Critical point (mathematics)
In mathematics, a critical point or stationary point of a differentiable function of a real or complex variable is any value in its domain where its derivative is 0 or undefined. For a differentiable...
Critical point (mathematics) - Wikipedia
Differential calculus
In mathematics, differential calculus is a subfield of calculus concerned with the study of the rates at which quantities change. It is one of the two traditional divisions of calculus, the other bein...
Gradient
In mathematics, the gradient is a generalization of the usual concept of derivative of a function in one dimension to a function in several dimensions. If f(x1, ..., xn) is a differentiable, scalar-va...
Gradient - Wikipedia
Hessian matrix
In mathematics, the Hessian matrix or Hessian is a square matrix of second-order partial derivatives of a scalar-valued function, or scalar field. It describes the local curvature of a function of man...
Hessian matrix - Wikipedia
Positive definite matrix
In linear algebra, a symmetric n × n real matrix M is said to be positive definite if zMz is positive for every non-zero column vector z of n real numbers. Here z denotes the transpose of z.More ...
Lipschitz continuity
In mathematical analysis, Lipschitz continuity, named after Rudolf Lipschitz, is a strong form of uniform continuity for functions. Intuitively, a Lipschitz continuous function is limited in how fast ...
Lipschitz continuity - Wikipedia
Rademacher's theorem
In mathematical analysis, Rademacher's theorem, named after Hans Rademacher, states the following: If U is an open subset of R and  f : U → R  is Lipschitz continuous, then f&#...
Convex function
In mathematics, a real-valued function f(x) defined on an interval is called convex (or convex downward or concave upward) if the line segment between any two points on the graph of the function lies...
Convex function - Wikipedia
Convex analysis
Convex analysis is the branch of mathematics devoted to the study of properties of convex functions and convex sets, often with applications in convex minimization, a subdomain of optimization theory....
Nonlinear programming
In mathematics, nonlinear programming (NLP) is the process of solving an optimization problem defined by a system of equalities and inequalities, collectively termed constraints, over a set of unknown...
Iterative method
In computational mathematics, an iterative method is a mathematical procedure that generates a sequence of improving approximate solutions for a class of problems. A specific implementation of an iter...
Iterative method - Wikipedia
Newton's method
In numerical analysis, Newton's method (also known as the Newton–Raphson method), named after Isaac Newton and Joseph Raphson, is a method for finding successively better approximations to the roots (...
Newton's method - Wikipedia
Quasi-Newton method
Quasi-Newton methods are methods used to either find zeroes or local maxima and minima of functions, as an alternative to Newton's method. They can be used if the Jacobian or Hessian is unavailable or...
Finite difference
A finite difference is a mathematical expression of the form f(x + b) − f(x + a). If a finite difference is divided by b − a, one gets a difference ...
Finite difference - Wikipedia
Approximation theory
In mathematics, approximation theory is concerned with how functions can best be approximated with simpler functions, and with quantitatively characterizing the errors introduced thereby. Note that wh...
Approximation theory - Wikipedia
Numerical Analysis
Numerical analysis is the study of algorithms that use numerical approximation (as opposed to general symbolic manipulations) for the problems of mathematical analysis (as distinguished from discrete ...
Numerical Analysis - Wikipedia
Heuristic algorithm
In computer science, artificial intelligence, and mathematical optimization, a heuristic is a technique designed for solving a problem more quickly when classic methods are too slow, or for finding an...
List of optimization software
Given a transformation between input and output values, described by a mathematical function f,optimization deals with generating and selecting a best solution from some set of available alternatives,...
Q-derivative
In mathematics, in the area of combinatorics, the q-derivative, or Jackson derivative, is a q-analog of the ordinary derivative, introduced by Frank Hilton Jackson. It is the inverse of Jackson's q-in...
Optimal control
Optimal control theory, an extension of the calculus of variations, is a mathematical optimization method for deriving control policies. The method is largely due to the work of Lev Pontryagin and his...
Differential Galois theory
In mathematics, differential Galois theory studies the Galois groups of differential equations.
Whereas algebraic Galois theory studies extensions of algebraic fields, differential Galois theory s...
Hyperbolic growth
When a quantity grows towards a singularity under a finite variation (a "finite-time singularity") it is said to undergo hyperbolic growth. More precisely, the reciprocal function has a hyperbola as ...
Hyperbolic growth - Wikipedia
Radon-Nikodym theorem
In mathematics, the Radon–Nikodym theorem is a result in measure theory which states that, given a measurable space , if a σ-finite measure ν on is absolutely continuous with respect to a σ-finite m...
Scheil equation
In metallurgy, the Scheil-Gulliver equation (or Scheil equation) describes solute redistribution during solidification of an alloy.
Four key assumptions in Scheil analysis enable determination of ...
Scheil equation - Wikipedia
Differentiation in Fréchet spaces
In mathematics, in particular in functional analysis and nonlinear analysis, it is possible to define the derivative of a function between two Fréchet spaces. This notion of differentiation is signif...
Replicator equation
In mathematics, the replicator equation is a deterministic monotone non-linear and non-innovative game dynamic used in evolutionary game theory. The replicator equation differs from other equations us...