Oral Torah
According to Rabbinic Judaism, the "Oral Torah" or "Oral Law" (Hebrew: תורה שבעל פה, Torah she-be-`al peh, lit "Torah that is spoken") represents those laws, statutes, and legal interpretations th...
Oral Torah - Wikipedia
Mishnah
The Mishnah or Mishna (/ˈmɪʃnə/; Hebrew: מִשְׁנָה, "study by repetition"), from the verb shanah שנה, or "to study and review", also "secondary," is the first major written redaction of the Jewish oral...
Talmud
The Talmud (/ˈtɑːlmʊd, -məd, ˈtæl-/; Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root lmd "teach, study") is a central text of Rabbinic Judaism. It is also traditionally referred to as Sh...
Talmud - Wikipedia
Yalkut Shimoni
The Yalkut Shimoni (Hebrew: ילקוט שמעוני) or simply Yalkut is an aggadic compilation on the books of the Hebrew Bible. From such older haggadot as were accessible to him, the author collected various...
Yalkut Shimoni - Wikipedia
Seder Olam Zutta
Seder Olam Zutta (Hebrew: סדר עולם זוטא) is an anonymous chronicle from 804 CE, called "Zuṭa" (= "smaller," or "younger") to distinguish it from the older Seder 'Olam Rabbah. This work is based upon, ...
Bava Batra
Bava Batra (also Baba Batra; Talmudic Aramaic: בבא בתרא "The Last Gate") is the third of the three tractates in the Talmud in the order Nezikin; it deals with a person's responsibilities and rights as...
Telisha
Telisha (Hebrew: תְּלִישָא) is one of two cantillation marks found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew Bible. There are two versions of the Telisha: Telisha ketana (תְּלִישָא קְטַנָ...
Telisha - Wikipedia
Hasmoneans
The Hasmonean dynasty (/ˌhæzməˈniːən/ ; Hebrew: חשמונאים‎, Ḥashmona'im) was the ruling dynasty of Judea and surrounding regions during Classical antiquity. Between c. 140 BC and c. ...
Hasmoneans - Wikipedia
Pesikta Rabbati
Pesikta Rabbati or P'sqita Rabbita (Hebrew: פסיקתא רבתי) is a collection of Aggadic Midrash (homilies) on the Pentateuchal and prophetic lessons, the special Sabbaths, etc. It was composed around 845...
Pharisees
The Pharisees (/ˈfærəˌsiːz/) were at various times a political party, a social movement, and a school of thought in the Holy Land during the Second Temple period, beginning under the Hasmonean dynast...
Pharisees - Wikipedia
Rabbinic Judaism
Rabbinic Judaism or Rabbinism (Hebrew: יהדות רבנית Yahadut Rabanit) has been the mainstream form of Judaism since the 6th century CE, after the codification of the Babylonian Talmud. Growing out of Ph...
Sefer haYashar (midrash)
The Sefer haYashar (first edition 1552) is a Hebrew midrash also known as the Toledot Adam and Dibre ha-Yamim be-'Aruk. The Hebrew title may be translated Sefer haYashar - "Book of the Upright" - but...
Origins of Rabbinic Judaism
Rabbinic Judaism or Rabbinism has been the mainstream form of Judaism since the 6th century, after the codification of the Talmud. Rabbinic Judaism gained predominance within the Jewish diaspora betwe...
Origins of Rabbinic Judaism - Wikipedia
Christianity and Judaism
Christianity is rooted in Second Temple Judaism, but the two religions diverged in the first centuries of the Christian Era. Christianity places emphasis on correct belief (or orthodoxy), focusing on ...
Kitniyot
Kitniyot, (Hebrew: קִטְנִיּוֹת ,קיטניות‎, qit'niyyot) (legumes) is a category of foods that may not be eaten during Passover by Jews following traditional Ashkenazi laws and customs. Long-stand...
Eruvin (Talmud)
Eruvin (Hebrew: ערובין‎) is the second tractate in the Order of Moed, dealing with the various types of eruvs.
The tractace consists of ten chapters. Its Babylonian Talmud version is of ...
Encyclopedia Talmudit
The Encyclopedia Talmudit (Hebrew: אנציקלופדיה תלמודית‎ entsiyklopediah talmudiyt) is a Hebrew language encyclopedia that aims to summarize the halakhic topics of the Talmud in alphabetical ord...
Beitza
Beitza (Hebrew: ביצה‎) or Bei'a (Aramaic: ביעה) (literally "egg", named after the first word) is a tractate in the Order of Moed, dealing with the laws of Yom Tov (holidays). It is Moed's se...
Rabbinic literature
Rabbinic literature, in its broadest sense, can mean the entire spectrum of rabbinic writings throughout Jewish history. However, the term often refers specifically to literature from the Talmudic era...
Jewish Palestinian Aramaic
The Jewish Palestinian Aramaic, also called Judean Aramaic and Galilean Aramaic, was a Western Aramaic language spoken by the Jews in Roman and Byzantine Palestine in the early first millennium. The l...
Sura Academy
Sura Academy (Hebrew: ישיבת סורא) was a Jewish Yeshiva Academy in Babylon, one of the two major Jewish academies, along with the Pumbedita Yeshiva Academy, from the beginning of the era of the Amora s...
Sura Academy - Wikipedia
Pesahim
Pesachim (Hebrew: פסחים‎) is the third tractate of Seder Moed ("Order of Festivals") of the Mishnah and of the Talmud. It is concerned mainly with the laws of the Jewish holiday Passover as ...
Origins of Judaism
The origins of Judaism lie in the Bronze Age polytheistic Ancient Semitic religions, specifically Canaanite religion, a syncretization with elements of Babylonian religion and of the worship of Yahweh...
Origins of Judaism - Wikipedia
Trial of the Talmud
The Disputation of Paris took place in 1240 in the court of the reigning king of France, Louis IX (St. Louis). The forced disputation had four rabbis defending the Talmud against the accusations of a ...
Yetiv
Yetiv (יְ֚תִיב) is a cantillation mark found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew Bible. It is found in the Katon group in some occurrences in lieu of the more common Mahpach-Pashta ...
Yetiv - Wikipedia
Targum Sheni
The Targum Sheni ("Second Targum") is an Aramaic translation (targum) and elaboration of the Book of Esther, that embellishes the Biblical account with considerable new apocryphal material, not on the...
Cantillation
Cantillation is the ritual chanting of readings from the Hebrew Bible in synagogue services. The chants are written and notated in accordance with the special signs or marks printed in the Masoretic t...
Cantillation - Wikipedia
Gemara
The Gemara (also transliterated Gemora, Gemarah or, less commonly, Gemorra; from Aramaic noun גמרא gamar, literally, "study") is the component of the Talmud comprising rabbinical analysis of and comme...