Oral Torah
According to Rabbinic Judaism, the "Oral Torah" or "Oral Law" (Hebrew: תורה שבעל פה, Torah she-be-`al peh, lit "Torah that is spoken") represents those laws, statutes, and legal interpretations th...
Oral Torah - Wikipedia
Mishnah
The Mishnah or Mishna (/ˈmɪʃnə/; Hebrew: מִשְׁנָה, "study by repetition"), from the verb shanah שנה, or "to study and review", also "secondary," is the first major written redaction of the Jewish oral...
Talmud
The Talmud (/ˈtɑːlmʊd, -məd, ˈtæl-/; Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root lmd "teach, study") is a central text of Rabbinic Judaism. It is also traditionally referred to as Sh...
Talmud - Wikipedia
Yalkut Shimoni
The Yalkut Shimoni (Hebrew: ילקוט שמעוני) or simply Yalkut is an aggadic compilation on the books of the Hebrew Bible. From such older haggadot as were accessible to him, the author collected various...
Yalkut Shimoni - Wikipedia
Midrash Vayisau
Midrash Vayisau (Hebrew: מדרש ויסעו) is one of the smaller midrashim. This small midrash, "the heroic legend of the sons of Jacob," is based on Gen. xxxv. 5 and xxxvi. 6, and recounts the story of th...
Illui
Illui (Hebrew: עילוי‎ or עלוי also ilui; pronounced [ʔiˈluj] plural: illuim) is a noun (meaning "above," "elevation," "going up," or "best" from the root על meaning "on top" or "above" ) derived...
Seder Olam Zutta
Seder Olam Zutta (Hebrew: סדר עולם זוטא) is an anonymous chronicle from 804 CE, called "Zuṭa" (= "smaller," or "younger") to distinguish it from the older Seder 'Olam Rabbah. This work is based upon, ...
Bava Batra
Bava Batra (also Baba Batra; Talmudic Aramaic: בבא בתרא "The Last Gate") is the third of the three tractates in the Talmud in the order Nezikin; it deals with a person's responsibilities and rights as...
Telisha
Telisha (Hebrew: תְּלִישָא) is one of two cantillation marks found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew Bible. There are two versions of the Telisha: Telisha ketana (תְּלִישָא קְטַנָ...
Telisha - Wikipedia
Pesikta Rabbati
Pesikta Rabbati or P'sqita Rabbita (Hebrew: פסיקתא רבתי) is a collection of Aggadic Midrash (homilies) on the Pentateuchal and prophetic lessons, the special Sabbaths, etc. It was composed around 845...
Pharisees
The Pharisees (/ˈfærəˌsiːz/) were at various times a political party, a social movement, and a school of thought in the Holy Land during the Second Temple period, beginning under the Hasmonean dynast...
Pharisees - Wikipedia
Kitniyot
Kitniyot, (Hebrew: קִטְנִיּוֹת ,קיטניות‎, qit'niyyot) (legumes) is a category of foods that may not be eaten during Passover by Jews following traditional Ashkenazi laws and customs. Long-stand...
Posek
Posek (Hebrew: פוסק‎ [poˈseq], pl. Poskim, פוסקים) is the term in Jewish law for "decider"—a legal scholar who decides the Halakha in cases of law where previous authorities are inconclusive or...
Posek - Wikipedia
Eruvin (Talmud)
Eruvin (Hebrew: ערובין‎) is the second tractate in the Order of Moed, dealing with the various types of eruvs.
The tractace consists of ten chapters. Its Babylonian Talmud version is of ...
Encyclopedia Talmudit
The Encyclopedia Talmudit (Hebrew: אנציקלופדיה תלמודית‎ entsiyklopediah talmudiyt) is a Hebrew language encyclopedia that aims to summarize the halakhic topics of the Talmud in alphabetical ord...
Jewish Palestinian Aramaic
The Jewish Palestinian Aramaic, also called Judean Aramaic and Galilean Aramaic, was a Western Aramaic language spoken by the Jews in Roman and Byzantine Palestine in the early first millennium. The l...
Maccabees
The Maccabees, also spelled Machabees (Hebrew: מכבים or מקבים‎, Maqabim; Latin: Machabi or Machado; Greek: Μακκαβαῖοι, Makkabaioi), were the leaders of a Jewish rebel army that took cont...
Maccabees - Wikipedia
Sura Academy
Sura Academy (Hebrew: ישיבת סורא) was a Jewish Yeshiva Academy in Babylon, one of the two major Jewish academies, along with the Pumbedita Yeshiva Academy, from the beginning of the era of the Amora s...
Sura Academy - Wikipedia
Yetiv
Yetiv (יְ֚תִיב) is a cantillation mark found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew Bible. It is found in the Katon group in some occurrences in lieu of the more common Mahpach-Pashta ...
Yetiv - Wikipedia
Targum Sheni
The Targum Sheni ("Second Targum") is an Aramaic translation (targum) and elaboration of the Book of Esther, that embellishes the Biblical account with considerable new apocryphal material, not on the...
Zakef katan
The Zakef katan (זָקֵף קָטָ֔ן, with other variant English spellings), often referred to simply as "Katan," is a cantillation mark commonly found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew ...
Zakef katan - Wikipedia
Cantillation
Cantillation is the ritual chanting of readings from the Hebrew Bible in synagogue services. The chants are written and notated in accordance with the special signs or marks printed in the Masoretic t...
Cantillation - Wikipedia
Gemara
The Gemara (also transliterated Gemora, Gemarah or, less commonly, Gemorra; from Aramaic noun גמרא gamar, literally, "study") is the component of the Talmud comprising rabbinical analysis of and comme...
Trial of the Talmud
The Disputation of Paris took place in 1240 in the court of the reigning king of France, Louis IX (St. Louis). The forced disputation had four rabbis defending the Talmud against the accusations of a ...
Jerusalem Talmud
The Jerusalem Talmud, also known as the Palestinian Talmud, talmud meaning "instruction", "learning" (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד יְרוּשָׁלְמִי, Talmud Yerushalmi, often Yerushalmi for short), is a collection o...
Jerusalem Talmud - Wikipedia
Chazal
Chazal or Ḥazal (Hebrew: חז"ל‎) is an acronym for the Hebrew "Ḥakhameinu Zikhronam Liv'rakha" (חכמינו זכרונם לברכה, "Our Sages, may their memory be blessed"), is a general term that refers to al...
Chazal - Wikipedia
Seder Olam Rabbah
Seder Olam Rabbah (Hebrew: סדר עולם רבה‎, "The Great Order of the World") is a 2nd-century CE Hebrew language chronology detailing the dates of biblical events from the Creation to Alexander th...
Tipcha
Tifcha (Hebrew: טִפְחָ֖א‎, also spelled Tifkha, Tipcha and other variant English spellings) is a cantillation mark commonly found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books that are chanted. I...
Tipcha - Wikipedia
Origins of Judaism
The origins of Judaism lie in the Bronze Age polytheistic Ancient Semitic religions, specifically Canaanite religion, a syncretization with elements of Babylonian religion and of the worship of Yahweh...
Origins of Judaism - Wikipedia