Evidence Of New World's Oldest Decapitation Found
Scientists digging at rock a shelter in Brazil have discovered evidence of human decapitation that dates back 9,000 years, making it oldest case ever seen in the New World. But the story of the headle...
DNA Reveals The Origins Of Modern Europeans
Now we have another layer of information to help us reveal the history of European peoples: DNA sequencing. Along with our colleagues, we have been using genome sequencing technology to analyse the va...
Economics of fascism
The economics of fascism refers to the economic policies implemented by fascist governments.Historians and other scholars disagree on the question of whether a specifically fascist type of economic po...
Feudalism
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries. Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around relationshi...
Feudalism - Wikipedia
Informal economy
The informal sector, informal economy, or grey economy is the part of an economy that is neither taxed, nor monitored by any form of government. Unlike the formal economy, activities that are engaged ...
Informal economy - Wikipedia
Islamic economical jurisprudence
Islamic economic jurisprudence, also Islamic commercial jurisprudence, or fiqh al-mu'amalat, (Arabic: فقه المعاملات‎) refers to the rules of financial transacting in a Shari'a compliant mann...
Islamic economical jurisprudence - Wikipedia
Evidence Of New World's Oldest Decapitation Found
Scientists digging at rock a shelter in Brazil have discovered evidence of human decapitation that dates back 9,000 years, making it oldest case ever seen in the New World. But the story of the headle...
Manor
A manor in English law is an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a court termed court baron, that is to say a manorial court. The proper unit of tenure under the feudal system is the...
Traditional economy
A traditional economy is an original economic system in which traditions, customs, and beliefs shape the goods and the products the society creates. Countries that use this type of economic system are...
Mesne
Mesne (an Anglo-French legal form of the O. Fr. meien, mod. moyen, mean, Med. Lat. medianus, in the middle, cf. English mean), middle or intermediate, an adjective used in several legal phrases.
I...
Islamic geography
Medieval Arabian and Persian geography was based on Hellenistic geography and reached its apex with Muhammad al-Idrisi in the 12th century.
After its beginnings in the 8th century based on Helleni...
Islamic geography - Wikipedia
Precarium
The precarium (plural precaria)—or precaria (plural precariae) in the feminine form—is a form of land tenure in which a petitioner (grantee) receives a property for a specific amount of time without a...
Tandas
A tanda is the Latin American term for an informal rotating savings and credit association (ROSCAS). They are operated globally, but have over 200 different names that vary from country to country. Th...
Prince
A prince is a male ruler, monarch, or member of a monarch's or former monarch's family. Prince is a hereditary title in the nobility of some European states. The feminine equivalent is a princess. The...
Prince - Wikipedia
Tzedakah
Tzedakah [tsedaˈka] or Ṣ'daqah [sˤəðaːˈqaː] in Classical Hebrew (Hebrew: צדקה‎; Arabic: صدقة‎), is a Hebrew word literally meaning justice or righteousness but commonly used to signif...
Tzedakah - Wikipedia
Non-European royal and noble ranks
Some titles of nobility outside Europe may be considered as equivalents of Duke.Like other major Western noble titles, Duke is sometimes used to render (translate) certain titles in non-western langua...
Non-European royal and noble ranks - Wikipedia
Lindahl tax
A Lindahl tax is a form of taxation conceived by Erik Lindahl in which individuals pay for public goods according to their marginal benefits. In other words, they pay according to the amount of satisf...
Lindahl tax - Wikipedia
Robinson Crusoe economy
A Robinson Crusoe economy is a simple framework used to study some fundamental issues in economics. It assumes an economy with one consumer, one producer and two goods. The title "Robinson Crusoe" is ...
Robinson Crusoe economy - Wikipedia
Hunter-gatherer
A hunter-gatherer or forager society is a nomadic society in which most or all food is obtained from wild plants and animals, in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated s...
Hunter-gatherer - Wikipedia
Peasant
A peasant is a member of a traditional class of farmers, either laborers or owners of small farms, especially in the Middle Ages under feudalism, or more generally, in any pre-industrial society. In ...
Peasant - Wikipedia
Pareto efficiency
Pareto efficiency, or Pareto optimality, is a state of allocation of resources in which it is impossible to make any one individual better off without making at least one individual worse off. The ter...
Pareto efficiency - Wikipedia
Economy of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
The economy of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) combines the economies of 57 member states. 49 are predominately Muslim states. The other 8 have large Muslim minorities. Those 57 countrie...
Potlatch
A potlatch is a gift-giving feast practiced by indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast of Canada and the United States, among whom it is traditionally the primary economic system. This inclu...
Potlatch - Wikipedia
El Mercado de Los Angeles
Built in 1968, El Mercado de Los Angeles is located in the Boyle Heights district of the city of Los Angeles east of the LA River and adjacent to East Los Angeles (an unincorporated portion of the Cou...
Capitalism and Islam
Proto-capitalist economies and free markets were active during the Islamic Golden Age where an early market economy and form of merchant capitalism took root between the 8th–12th centuries.A vigorous ...
Musharaka
Musharaka, or Sharika or Shirkat (Arabic: مشاركة or شركة ) meaning partnership, is an Islamic mode of finance in which capital is provided by two or more parties for project development. Banks can p...
Supercapitalism (concept in Italian Fascism)
Supercapitalism was a concept that developed in Italian Fascism. Italy's Fascist leader, Benito Mussolini, claimed that at the stage of supercapitalism, "a capitalist enterprise, when difficulties ari...
Supercapitalism (concept in Italian Fascism) - Wikipedia