Otto von Bismarck
Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affai...
Otto von Bismarck - Wikipedia
Blood and Iron (speech)
Blood and Iron (German: Blut und Eisen) is the title of a speech by German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck given in 1862 about the unification of the German territories. It is also a transposed phrase th...
Kulturkampf
The German term  Kulturkampf  ([kʊlˈtuːɐ̯kampf], literally "culture struggle") refers to German policies in relation to secularity and reducing the role and power of the Roman Catholic Churc...
Kulturkampf - Wikipedia
Ems Dispatch
The Ems Dispatch (French: Dépêche d'Ems, German: Emser Depesche), sometimes called the Ems Telegram, incited France to declare the Franco-Prussian War in July 1870. The actual dispatch was an ...
Ems Dispatch - Wikipedia
Franco-Prussian War
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (German: Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, lit. German-French War, French: Guerre franco-allemande, lit. French-German War), often referred to in France...
Franco-Prussian War - Wikipedia
Unification of Germany
The formal unification of Germany into a politically and administratively integrated nation state officially occurred on 18 January 1871 at the Versailles Palace's Hall of Mirrors in France. Princes o...
Unification of Germany - Wikipedia
Bismarck monuments
From 1868 onwards, Bismarck monuments were erected in many parts of the German Empire in honour of the long-serving Prussian minister-president and first German Reichskanzler, Prince Otto von Bismarck...
Bismarck monuments - Wikipedia
Frankfurt Parliament
The Frankfurt Assembly (German: Frankfurter Nationalversammlung, literally Frankfurt National Assembly) was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany, elected on 1 May 1848 (see Germa...
Frankfurt Parliament - Wikipedia
Austro-Prussian War
The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War (also known in Germany as the German War, Unification War, Prussian–German War, German Civil War, or Fraternal War) was a war fought in 1866 between the Ger...
Austro-Prussian War - Wikipedia
Bismarck Mausoleum
The Bismarck Mausoleum is the mausoleum of Prince Otto von Bismarck and his wife Johanna von Puttkamer. It is on the Schneckenberg hill just outside Friedrichsruh in northern Germany. Bismarck was the...
Bismarck Mausoleum - Wikipedia
Bismarck Tower, Janówek
The world's first Bismarck tower was erected by private initiative in 1869 in the village of Ober-Johnsdorf, Silesia, then part of Prussia (today Janówek, Wrocław County, Poland). It stands on top of ...
Bismarck Tower, Janówek - Wikipedia
Bismarck Tower (Hanover)
The Bismarck Tower in Hanover, Germany was a tower erected as a monument to the first Chancellor of the united German nation Otto von Bismarck for patriotic and nationalistic purposes, which then beca...
Bismarck Tower (Hanover) - Wikipedia
Johanna von Puttkamer
Johanna Friederike Charlotte Dorothea Eleonore von Puttkamer (11 April 1824 – 27 November 1894) was a Prussian noblewoman, also known as Johanna von Bismarck. She was the sister of statesman Robert v...
Johanna von Puttkamer - Wikipedia
Bismarck Monument (Bad Kissingen)
The Bismarck Monument in Bad Kissingen is located in Hausen (a quarter of the German spa town, Bad Kissingen), which Chancellor Otto von Bismarck visited 14 times to "take the cure" between 1876 and 1...
Bismarck Monument (Bad Kissingen) - Wikipedia
Historiography and nationalism
Historiography is the study of how history is written. One pervasive influence upon the writing of history has been nationalism, a set of beliefs about political legitimacy and cultural identity. Nati...
Historiography and nationalism - Wikipedia
Bismarck Tower (Viersen)
The Bismarck Tower located in Viersen (North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany) was erected in honour of the chancellor Otto von Bismarck and has since become an icon of the city of Viersen.
The Bismarck-...
Bismarck Tower (Viersen) - Wikipedia
Lückentheorie
"Lückentheorie" ([ˈlʏkən.teoˌʁiː], gap theory) refers to the theory that when the Crown and the Parliament were unable to come to agreement, the Crown could act as it sees fit. It was in reference to ...
Bismarck Tower (Bad Kissingen)
The construction of the Bismarck Tower located on the "Sinnberg", a hill in the German spa town of Bad Kissingen, started in 1914 following the plans designed by architekt, Wilhelm Kreis. It was proje...
Bismarck Tower (Bad Kissingen) - Wikipedia
Fürst von Bismarck
The great German statesman and diplomat Otto von Bismarck received several noble titles during the course of his career.Born into a Junker family (the House of Bismarck) and named Otto Eduard Leopold ...
Fürst von Bismarck - Wikipedia
Reichshund
Reichshund ("dog of the Empire") was an informal term used in Germany for Reichskanzler Otto von Bismarck's dogs and more generally for similar dogs, particularly Great Danes.
Germans became able ...
Reichshund - Wikipedia
North German Confederation
The North German Confederation (German: Norddeutscher Bund) was a federation of 22 independent states of northern Germany, with nearly 30 million inhabitants. It was the first modern German nation...
North German Confederation - Wikipedia
Dropping the Pilot
Dropping the Pilot is a political cartoon by Sir John Tenniel, first published in the British magazine Punch on 29 March 1890. It depicts Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, as a maritime pilot, stepping of...
Dropping the Pilot - Wikipedia
Zollverein
The Zollverein ([ˈtsɔlfɛɐ̯ˌʔaɪn]) or German Customs Union was a coalition of German states formed to manage tariffs and economic policies within their territories. Organised by the 1833 Zollverein tre...
Zollverein - Wikipedia
Bismarck Tower, Zielona Góra
The Bismarck Tower in Zielona Góra, Poland (until 1945 Grünberg in Schlesien, Lower Silesia, Germany) is one of the best-preserved Bismarck towers outside of present-day Germany. It is also called the...
Bismarck Tower, Zielona Góra - Wikipedia
Revolutions of 1848
The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, Springtime of the Peoples or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848. It remai...
Revolutions of 1848 - Wikipedia
Bismarck (film)
Bismarck is a 1940 German historical film directed by Wolfgang Liebeneiner and starring Paul Hartmann, Friedrich Kayßler and Lil Dagover.
The film depicts the life of the Prussian statesman Otto ...
Bismarck (film) - Wikipedia
Salzgitter Bismarck Tower
The Salzgitter Bismarck Tower is an observation tower completed in 1900 in Salzgitter, Germany. Unlike most other Bismarck towers, it does not consist of all-stone design, but instead has a base of br...
Salzgitter Bismarck Tower - Wikipedia
Congress of Vienna
The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna from September 1814 to June 1815. The objectiv...
Congress of Vienna - Wikipedia