Paleo-Indians
Paleo-Indians (Paleoindians) or Paleoamericans is a classification term given to the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the American continents during the final glacial episodes of...
Paleo-Indians - Wikipedia
We Were Wrong About How Ancient Humans Colonized North America
It’s a veritable certainty that North America’s first people arrived via the Bering Land Bridge, but less certainty exists about how and where they migrated from there. For years, scientists thought t...
South America: The Original Cultures - Ancient Man and His First Civilizations
The enigma of ancient South American development, [cultures evolving to the building of Monumental Structures BEFORE they have even learned to make ceramics - pottery], is wonderfully illustrated by w...
Evidence Of New World's Oldest Decapitation Found
Scientists digging at rock a shelter in Brazil have discovered evidence of human decapitation that dates back 9,000 years, making it oldest case ever seen in the New World. But the story of the headle...
Pre-Columbian era
http://www.tmwmedia.com/910.html Discover the ancient civilizations that thrived in the Americas thousands of years before European settlers arrived. This pr...
Settlement of the Americas
The question of how, when, where and why humans first entered the Americas is of intense interest to archaeologists and anthropologists, and has been a subject of heated debate for centuries. Several ...
Settlement of the Americas - Wikipedia
Pre-Columbian era
The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning...
Pre-Columbian era - Wikipedia
List of archaeological periods (North America)
North American archaeological periods divides the history of pre-Columbian North America into a number of named successive eras or periods, from the earliest-known human habitation through to the ear...
List of archaeological periods (North America) - Wikipedia
List of archaeological periods (Mesoamerica)
The chronology of Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica is usually divided into the following eras:
One of the most enduring classifications of archaeological periods & cultures was established in Gordon ...
List of archaeological periods (Mesoamerica) - Wikipedia
Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas
Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas primarily focus on Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups and Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroups. Autosomal "atDNA" markers are also used, but differ...
Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas - Wikipedia
Mama Ocllo
In Inca mythology, Mama Cora Ocllo /ˈɒkjoʊ/, Mama Ocllo, Mama Ogllo, Mama Oello (in hispanicized spellings), Mama Oella, Mama Oullo, Mama Occlo (spellings resulting from bad OCR), Mama Okllo or Mama...
Mama Ocllo - Wikipedia
We Were Wrong About How Ancient Humans Colonized North America
It’s a veritable certainty that North America’s first people arrived via the Bering Land Bridge, but less certainty exists about how and where they migrated from there. For years, scientists thought t...
South America: The Original Cultures - Ancient Man and His First Civilizations
The enigma of ancient South American development, [cultures evolving to the building of Monumental Structures BEFORE they have even learned to make ceramics - pottery], is wonderfully illustrated by w...
Mita (Inca)
Mit'a ([ˈmɪˌtʼa]) was mandatory public service in the society of the Inca Empire. Historians use the hispanicized term mita to differentiate the system as it was modified and intensified by the Spanis...
Tzolk'in
Tzolk'in ([t͡sol ˈkʼin], from the revised Guatemala Mayan languages Academy orthography, which is preferred by the linguists of the Summer Institute of Linguistics; formerly and commonly tzolkin) is t...
Tzolk'in - Wikipedia
Altepetl
The altepetl (/alˈtepetɬ/), in Pre-Columbian and Spanish conquest-era Aztec society, was the local, ethnically based political entity. It is usually translated into English as "city-state". The word i...
Aztec use of entheogens
The ancient Aztecs employed a variety of entheogenic plants and animals within their society. The various species have been identified through their depiction on murals, vases, and other objects. The ...
Aztec use of entheogens - Wikipedia
Teoyaomicqui
In Aztec mythology, Cihuacoatl /siwaˈkoːaːt͡ɬ/ ("snake woman"; also Cihuacóatl) was one of a number of motherhood and fertility goddesses. Cihuacoatl was sometimes known as Quilaztli.Cihuacoatl was es...
Teoyaomicqui - Wikipedia
Mesoamerican chronology
Mesoamerican chronology divides the history of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica into several periods: the Paleo-Indian (first human habitation–3500 BCE), the Archaic (3500–2000), the Preclassic o...
Mesoamerican chronology - Wikipedia
Tepoztecatl
In Aztec mythology, Tepoztecatl /teposˈteːkat͡ɬ/ (from tepoztli "workable metal" /teˈpost͡ɬi/ and tēcatl "person" /ˈteːkat͡ɬ/ ) or Tezcatzontecatl /teːskat͡sonˈteːkat͡ɬ/ (from tēzcatl /teːskat͡ɬ/ "m...
Texcotzingo
Texcotzingo (alternatively, Tetzcotzingo) is contested as one of the first extant botanical gardens in the world, along with Montezuma's gardens in Huastepec. The gardens and archaeological site are l...
Texcotzingo - Wikipedia
Woodland period
The Woodland period of North American pre-Columbian cultures was from roughly 1000 BCE to 1000 CE in the eastern part of North America. The term "Woodland Period" was introduced in the 1930s as a gene...
Woodland period - Wikipedia
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu
The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu (also known as Camino Inca or Camino Inka) consists of three overlapping trails: Mollepata, Classic, and One Day. Mollepata is the longest of the three routes with the h...
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu - Wikipedia
Inkan Aqueducts
The Incan aqueducts refer to any of a series of aqueducts built by the Inca people. The Inca built such structures to increase arable land and provide drinking water and baths to the population. Due t...
Barro negro pottery
Barro negro pottery ("black clay") is a style of pottery from Oaxaca, Mexico distinguished by its color, sheen and unique designs. Oaxaca is one of few Mexican states which is characterized by the con...
Barro negro pottery - Wikipedia
Macehualtin
The mācēhualtin (IPA: /maːseːˈwaltin/, singular mācēhualli /maːseːˈwalli/) were the commoner social class in the Mexica Empire.During the reign of Moctezuma II (1502–1520), they were banned from servi...
Maya jaguar gods
The pre-Columbian Maya religion knew various jaguar gods, in addition to jaguar demi-gods, (ancestral) protectors, and transformers. The main jaguar deities are discussed below. Their associated narra...
Maya jaguar gods - Wikipedia
Maya Blue
Maya blue (Spanish: azul Maya) is a unique bright azure blue pigment manufactured by cultures of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, such as the Maya and Aztec.
The Maya blue pigment is a composite of ...
Maya Blue - Wikipedia
Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis
The Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis (Latin for "Little Book of the Medicinal Herbs of the Indians") is an Aztec herbal manuscript, describing the medicinal properties of various plants used b...
Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis - Wikipedia
Tlacopan
19°27′32″N 99°11′16″W / 19.458765°N 99.187755°W / 19.458765; -99.187755 Tlacopan (meaning "florid plant on flat ground"), also called Tacuba, was a Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican c...