Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire
The partitioning of the Ottoman Empire (30 October 1918 – 1 November 1922) was a political event that occurred after World War I. The huge conglomeration of territories and peoples that formerly compr...
Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
Armenian massacre: Why Turkey won't say the G-word
CNN Religion Commentator Father Edward Beck explains why Pope Francis chose Sunday to refer to mass killings of Armenians by Turks during WWII as 'genocide.'
League of Nations mandate
A League of Nations mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I, or the legal instruments that contained the interna...
League of Nations mandate - Wikipedia
French Mandate of Syria and Lebanon
Officially, the Mandate for Syria and Lebanon (1923−1946), (French: Mandat français pour la Syrie et le Liban, Arabic: الانتداب الفرنسي في سوريا ولبنان‎ al-Intidāb al-Faransī fī Sūriyā w...
French Mandate of Syria and Lebanon - Wikipedia
French Mandate of Lebanon
Officially, the Mandate for Syria and Lebanon (1923−1946), (French: Mandat français pour la Syrie et le Liban, Arabic: الانتداب الفرنسي في سوريا ولبنان‎ al-Intidāb al-Faransī fī Sūriyā w...
French Mandate of Lebanon - Wikipedia
British Mandate of Mesopotamia
The British Mandate for Mesopotamia (Arabic: الانتداب البريطاني على العراق‎) was a Mandate proposed to be entrusted Britain at the San Remo, Italy-based conference, in accordance with the Sy...
Arab Revolt
The Arab Revolt (1916–1918; Arabic: الثورة العربية‎ Al-Thawra al-`Arabiyya; Turkish: Arap İsyanı) was initiated by the Sherif Hussein bin Ali with the aim of securing independence from t...
Arab Revolt - Wikipedia
Occupation of Istanbul
The Occupation of Constantinople (Turkish: İstanbul'un İşgali) (November 13, 1918 – September 23, 1923), the occupation of the capital of the Ottoman Empire by British, French and Italian forces, ...
Occupation of Istanbul - Wikipedia
Agreement of St.-Jean-de-Maurienne
The Agreement of St.-Jean-de-Maurienne was an agreement between France, Italy and the United Kingdom, signed at Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne on April 26, 1917, and endorsed August 18 – September 26, 1917. ...
Agreement of St.-Jean-de-Maurienne - Wikipedia
Franco-Turkish War
The Franco-Turkish War, known as the Cilicia Campaign (French: La campagne de Cilicie) in France and as the Southern Front (Turkish: Güney Cephesi) of the Turkish War of Independence in Turkey...
Franco-Turkish War - Wikipedia
French-Armenian Agreement (1916)
The French-Armenian Agreement of October 27, 1916 was the political and military accord regarding the support of Armenian nationalist (Armenian national liberation movement) on the side of the allies ...
French-Armenian Agreement (1916) - Wikipedia
Occupation of Izmir
The Occupation of Smyrna was the military control by Greek forces of the city of Smyrna (modern-day Izmir) and surrounding areas from 15 May 1919 until 9 September 1922. The Allied Powers authorized ...
Occupation of Izmir - Wikipedia
Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922)
The Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922, known as the Western Front (Turkish: Batı Cephesi) of the Turkish War of Independence in Turkey and the Asia Minor Campaign (Greek: Μικρασιατική Εκστρατεία)...
Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) - Wikipedia
South West Caucasian Republic
The Provisional National Government of the Southwestern Caucasus, Provisional National Government of South West Caucasia (Modern Turkish: Güneybatı Kafkas Geçici Milli Hükûmeti; Ottoman Turkish: Cenub...
South West Caucasian Republic - Wikipedia
Administration for Western Armenia
The occupation of Turkish Armenia by the Russian Empire during World War I began in 1915 formally ended by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. It was sometimes referred to as the "Republic of Van" by Armeni...
Administration for Western Armenia - Wikipedia
Armenian Genocide
The Armenian Genocide (Armenian: Հայոց Ցեղասպանություն Hayots Tseghaspanutyun), also known as the Armenian Holocaust, the Armenian Massacres and, traditionally by Armenians, as Medz Yeghern (Armen...
Armenian Genocide - Wikipedia
Caucasus Campaign
The Caucasus Campaign comprised armed conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire, later including Azerbaijan, Armenia, the Central Caspian Dictatorship and the British Empire as part ...
Caucasus Campaign - Wikipedia
Treaty of Batum
Treaty of Batum was signed in Batum between the Ottoman Empire and 3 Trans-caucasus states — First Republic of Armenia, Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and Democratic Republic of Georgia on June 4, 191...
Wilsonian Armenia
Wilsonian Armenia refers to the boundary configuration of the First Republic of Armenia in the Treaty of Sèvres, drawn by US President Woodrow Wilson State Department. The Treaty of Sèvres was a peace...
Wilsonian Armenia - Wikipedia
Turkish-Armenian War
The Turkish–Armenian War, known as the Eastern Front (Turkish: Doğu Cephesi) of the Turkish War of Independence in Turkey, refers to a conflict in the autumn of 1920 between the First Republic of ...
Turkish-Armenian War - Wikipedia
Treaty of Alexandropol
The Treaty of Alexandropol (Armenian: Ալեքսանդրապոլի պայմանագիր; Turkish: Gümrü Antlaşması) was a peace treaty between the First Republic of Armenia and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey e...
Turkish War of Independence
The Turkish War of Independence (Turkish: İstiklâl Harbi, literally "Independence War" or Kurtuluş Savaşı literally "Liberation War" or Milli Mücadele literally "National Campaign" ; May 19, 1919...
Turkish War of Independence - Wikipedia
Armenian massacre: Why Turkey won't say the G-word
CNN Religion Commentator Father Edward Beck explains why Pope Francis chose Sunday to refer to mass killings of Armenians by Turks during WWII as 'genocide.'
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR; Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Demokratik Respublikası) was the first democratic and secular republic in the Muslim world (pre-dating the Republic of Tur...
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic - Wikipedia
Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe GCB, GCMG, CVO (23 December 1865 – 27 July 1937), sometimes known as Sir Somerset Calthorpe, was a Royal Navy officer and a member of the...
Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe - Wikipedia
History of Zionism
Zionism as an organized movement is generally considered to have been founded by Theodor Herzl in 1897. However, the history of Zionism began earlier and is related to Judaism and Jewish history. The ...
History of Zionism - Wikipedia
Ottoman labour battalions
Ottoman labour battalions (Turkish: Amele Taburları, Armenian: Աշխատանքային բատալիոն, Greek: Τάγματα Εργασίας, Tagmata Ergasias, but more often the transliterated Turkish name αμελέ ταμπουρού ...
Ottoman labour battalions - Wikipedia
Khilafat Movement
The Khilafat movement (1919-1924) was a pan-Islamic, political protest campaign launched by Muslims in British India to influence the British government and to protect the Ottoman Empire during the a...
Tehcir Law
The Tehcir Law (from tehcir, a word of Arabic origin in Ottoman Turkish and meaning "displacement," as defined by the Turkish Language Institute), or, officially, the "Sevk ve İskân Kanunu" (Dispatch...
Tehcir Law - Wikipedia
John de Robeck
Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Michael de Robeck, 1st Baronet GCB, GCMG, GCVO (10 June 1862 – 20 January 1928) was Royal Navy officer. In the early years of the 20th century he served as Admiral ...
John de Robeck - Wikipedia